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Staging: Colorectal Carcinoma
Lauren Zollinger, MD, MPH; Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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6

Overview

  • General Comments

    • Classification

      Pathology

      • Routes Spread

        • General Features

          • Gross Pathology

            • Microscopic Features

              Imaging Findings

              • Detection

                • Staging

                  • Restaging

                    Clinical Issues

                    • Presentation

                      • Cancer History

                        • Treatment Options

                          Reporting Checklist

                          • T Staging

                            • N Staging

                              • M Staging

                                Selected References

                                1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 143-64, 2010
                                2. Jhaveri KS et al: Intrahepatic bile duct dilatation due to liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(3):752-6, 2009
                                3. Johnson CD: CT colonography: coming of age. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(5):1239-42, 2009
                                4. Kim DH et al: CT colonography versus colonoscopy for the detection of advanced neoplasia. N Engl J Med. 357(14):1403-12, 2007
                                5. Kim JH et al: Incomplete colonoscopy in patients with occlusive colorectal cancer: usefulness of CT colonography according to tumor location. Yonsei Med J. 48(6):934-41, 2007
                                6. Kung JW et al: Colorectal cancer: screening double-contrast barium enema examination in average-risk adults older than 50 years. Radiology. 240(3):725-35, 2006
                                7. Kumar V et al: Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia, 2005
                                8. Rockey DC et al: Analysis of air contrast barium enema, computed tomographic colonography, and colonoscopy: prospective comparison. Lancet. 365(9456):305-11, 2005
                                9. Silva AC et al: CT colonography with intravenous contrast material: varied appearances of colorectal carcinoma. Radiographics. 25(5):1321-34, 2005
                                10. Ng CS et al: Extracolonic findings in patients undergoing abdomino-pelvic CT for suspected colorectal carcinoma in the frail and disabled patient. Clin Radiol. 59(5):421-30, 2004
                                11. Rockey DC et al: Prospective comparison of air-contrast barium enema and colonoscopy in patients with fecal occult blood: a pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc. 60(6):953-8, 2004
                                12. Danet IM et al: Spectrum of MRI appearances of untreated metastases of the liver. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(3):809-17, 2003
                                13. Winawer SJ et al: A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group. N Engl J Med. 342(24):1766-72, 2000
                                14. Zerhouni EA et al: National Cancer Institute partnerships with Academia and Industry in Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: report of the workshop. Acad Radiol. 5(2):133-40, 1998
                                15. Easson AM et al: Calcification in colorectal hepatic metastases correlates with longer survival. J Surg Oncol. 63(4):221-5, 1996
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                Overview

                                • General Comments

                                  • Classification

                                    Pathology

                                    • Routes Spread

                                      • General Features

                                        • Gross Pathology

                                          • Microscopic Features

                                            Imaging Findings

                                            • Detection

                                              • Staging

                                                • Restaging

                                                  Clinical Issues

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Cancer History

                                                      • Treatment Options

                                                        Reporting Checklist

                                                        • T Staging

                                                          • N Staging

                                                            • M Staging

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 143-64, 2010
                                                              2. Jhaveri KS et al: Intrahepatic bile duct dilatation due to liver metastases from colorectal carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(3):752-6, 2009
                                                              3. Johnson CD: CT colonography: coming of age. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 193(5):1239-42, 2009
                                                              4. Kim DH et al: CT colonography versus colonoscopy for the detection of advanced neoplasia. N Engl J Med. 357(14):1403-12, 2007
                                                              5. Kim JH et al: Incomplete colonoscopy in patients with occlusive colorectal cancer: usefulness of CT colonography according to tumor location. Yonsei Med J. 48(6):934-41, 2007
                                                              6. Kung JW et al: Colorectal cancer: screening double-contrast barium enema examination in average-risk adults older than 50 years. Radiology. 240(3):725-35, 2006
                                                              7. Kumar V et al: Robbins and Cotran: Pathologic Basis of Disease. 7th ed. Philadelphia, 2005
                                                              8. Rockey DC et al: Analysis of air contrast barium enema, computed tomographic colonography, and colonoscopy: prospective comparison. Lancet. 365(9456):305-11, 2005
                                                              9. Silva AC et al: CT colonography with intravenous contrast material: varied appearances of colorectal carcinoma. Radiographics. 25(5):1321-34, 2005
                                                              10. Ng CS et al: Extracolonic findings in patients undergoing abdomino-pelvic CT for suspected colorectal carcinoma in the frail and disabled patient. Clin Radiol. 59(5):421-30, 2004
                                                              11. Rockey DC et al: Prospective comparison of air-contrast barium enema and colonoscopy in patients with fecal occult blood: a pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc. 60(6):953-8, 2004
                                                              12. Danet IM et al: Spectrum of MRI appearances of untreated metastases of the liver. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 181(3):809-17, 2003
                                                              13. Winawer SJ et al: A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. National Polyp Study Work Group. N Engl J Med. 342(24):1766-72, 2000
                                                              14. Zerhouni EA et al: National Cancer Institute partnerships with Academia and Industry in Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment: report of the workshop. Acad Radiol. 5(2):133-40, 1998
                                                              15. Easson AM et al: Calcification in colorectal hepatic metastases correlates with longer survival. J Surg Oncol. 63(4):221-5, 1996