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Staging: Esophageal Carcinoma
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh; Anita J. Thomas, MD; Paige B. Clark, MD
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7

Overview

  • Classification

    Pathology

    • Routes Spread

      • General Features

        • Gross Pathology

          • Microscopic Features

            Imaging Findings

            • Detection

              • Staging

                • Restaging

                  Clinical Issues

                  • Presentation

                    • Cancer History

                      • Treatment Options

                        Reporting Checklist

                        • T Staging

                          • N Staging

                            • M Staging

                              Selected References

                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 103-15, 2010
                              2. Morita M et al: Alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: epidemiology, clinical findings, and prevention. Int J Clin Oncol. 15(2):126-34, 2010
                              3. Rice TW et al: 7th edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual: esophagus and esophagogastric junction. Ann Surg Oncol. 17(7):1721-4, 2010
                              4. Kim TJ et al: Multimodality assessment of esophageal cancer: preoperative staging and monitoring of response to therapy. Radiographics. 29(2):403-21, 2009
                              5. van Vliet EP et al: Staging investigations for oesophageal cancer: a meta-analysis. Br J Cancer. 98(3):547-57, 2008
                              6. Hofstetter W et al: Proposed modification of nodal status in AJCC esophageal cancer staging system. Ann Thorac Surg. 84(2):365-73; discussion 374-5, 2007
                              7. Kim TJ et al: Postoperative imaging of esophageal cancer: what chest radiologists need to know. Radiographics. 27(2):409-29, 2007
                              8. Cerfolio RJ et al: The accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography with fine-needle aspiration, integrated positron emission tomography with computed tomography, and computed tomography in restaging patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 129(6):1232-41, 2005
                              9. Downey RJ et al: Whole body 18FDG-PET and the response of esophageal cancer to induction therapy: results of a prospective trial. J Clin Oncol. 21(3):428-32, 2003
                              10. Glickman JN: Section II: pathology and pathologic staging of esophageal cancer. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(2):167-79, 2003
                              11. Morita M et al: Risk factors for multicentric occurrence of carcinoma in the upper aerodigestive tract-analysis with a serial histologic evaluation of the whole resected-esophagus including carcinoma. J Surg Oncol. 83(4):216-21, 2003
                              12. Yoon YC et al: Metastasis to regional lymph nodes in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: CT versus FDG PET for presurgical detection prospective study. Radiology. 227(3):764-70, 2003
                              13. Lightdale CJ: Esophageal cancer. American College of Gastroenterology. Am J Gastroenterol. 94(1):20-9, 1999
                              14. Noh HM et al: CT of the esophagus: spectrum of disease with emphasis on esophageal carcinoma. Radiographics. 15(5):1113-34, 1995
                              15. Quint LE et al: Incidence and distribution of distant metastases from newly diagnosed esophageal carcinoma. Cancer. 76(7):1120-5, 1995
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              Overview

                              • Classification

                                Pathology

                                • Routes Spread

                                  • General Features

                                    • Gross Pathology

                                      • Microscopic Features

                                        Imaging Findings

                                        • Detection

                                          • Staging

                                            • Restaging

                                              Clinical Issues

                                              • Presentation

                                                • Cancer History

                                                  • Treatment Options

                                                    Reporting Checklist

                                                    • T Staging

                                                      • N Staging

                                                        • M Staging

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 103-15, 2010
                                                          2. Morita M et al: Alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: epidemiology, clinical findings, and prevention. Int J Clin Oncol. 15(2):126-34, 2010
                                                          3. Rice TW et al: 7th edition of the AJCC Cancer Staging Manual: esophagus and esophagogastric junction. Ann Surg Oncol. 17(7):1721-4, 2010
                                                          4. Kim TJ et al: Multimodality assessment of esophageal cancer: preoperative staging and monitoring of response to therapy. Radiographics. 29(2):403-21, 2009
                                                          5. van Vliet EP et al: Staging investigations for oesophageal cancer: a meta-analysis. Br J Cancer. 98(3):547-57, 2008
                                                          6. Hofstetter W et al: Proposed modification of nodal status in AJCC esophageal cancer staging system. Ann Thorac Surg. 84(2):365-73; discussion 374-5, 2007
                                                          7. Kim TJ et al: Postoperative imaging of esophageal cancer: what chest radiologists need to know. Radiographics. 27(2):409-29, 2007
                                                          8. Cerfolio RJ et al: The accuracy of endoscopic ultrasonography with fine-needle aspiration, integrated positron emission tomography with computed tomography, and computed tomography in restaging patients with esophageal cancer after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 129(6):1232-41, 2005
                                                          9. Downey RJ et al: Whole body 18FDG-PET and the response of esophageal cancer to induction therapy: results of a prospective trial. J Clin Oncol. 21(3):428-32, 2003
                                                          10. Glickman JN: Section II: pathology and pathologic staging of esophageal cancer. Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 15(2):167-79, 2003
                                                          11. Morita M et al: Risk factors for multicentric occurrence of carcinoma in the upper aerodigestive tract-analysis with a serial histologic evaluation of the whole resected-esophagus including carcinoma. J Surg Oncol. 83(4):216-21, 2003
                                                          12. Yoon YC et al: Metastasis to regional lymph nodes in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: CT versus FDG PET for presurgical detection prospective study. Radiology. 227(3):764-70, 2003
                                                          13. Lightdale CJ: Esophageal cancer. American College of Gastroenterology. Am J Gastroenterol. 94(1):20-9, 1999
                                                          14. Noh HM et al: CT of the esophagus: spectrum of disease with emphasis on esophageal carcinoma. Radiographics. 15(5):1113-34, 1995
                                                          15. Quint LE et al: Incidence and distribution of distant metastases from newly diagnosed esophageal carcinoma. Cancer. 76(7):1120-5, 1995