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Staging: Neuroendocrine Tumors
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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7

Overview

  • General Comments

    • Classification

      Pathology

      • Routes Spread

        • General Features

          • Gross Pathology

            • Microscopic Features

              Imaging Findings

              • Detection

                • Staging

                  • Restaging

                    Clinical Issues

                    • Presentation

                      • Cancer History

                        • Treatment Options

                          Reporting Checklist

                          • T Staging

                            • N Staging

                              • M Staging

                                Selected References

                                1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 181-9, 2010
                                2. Druce MR et al: Intra-abdominal fibrosis in a recent cohort of patients with neuroendocrine ('carcinoid') tumours of the small bowel. QJM. 103(3):177-85, 2010
                                3. Pasieka JL: Carcinoid tumors. Surg Clin North Am. 89(5):1123-37, 2009
                                4. Putzer D et al: Bone metastases in patients with neuroendocrine tumor: 68Ga-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide PET in comparison to CT and bone scintigraphy. J Nucl Med. 50(8):1214-21, 2009
                                5. Welin S et al: Elevated plasma chromogranin A is the first indication of recurrence in radically operated midgut carcinoid tumors. Neuroendocrinology. 89(3):302-7, 2009
                                6. Pape UF et al: Prognostic factors of long-term outcome in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. Endocr Relat Cancer. 15(4):1083-97, 2008
                                7. Pinchot SN et al: Carcinoid tumors. Oncologist. 13(12):1255-69, 2008
                                8. Steward MJ et al: Neuroendocrine tumors: role of interventional radiology in therapy. Radiographics. 28(4):1131-45, 2008
                                9. Chang S et al: Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract: classification, pathologic basis, and imaging features. Radiographics. 27(6):1667-79, 2007
                                10. Hou W et al: Treatment of gastric carcinoids. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 10(2):123-33, 2007
                                11. Levy AD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: Gastrointestinal carcinoids: imaging features with clinicopathologic comparison. Radiographics. 27(1):237-57, 2007
                                12. Scarsbrook AF et al: Anatomic and functional imaging of metastatic carcinoid tumors. Radiographics. 27(2):455-77, 2007
                                13. Elsayes KM et al: MRI of the peritoneum: spectrum of abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(5):1368-79, 2006
                                14. Zuetenhorst JM et al: Metastatic carcinoid tumors: a clinical review. Oncologist. 10(2):123-31, 2005
                                15. Horton KM et al: Carcinoid tumors of the small bowel: a multitechnique imaging approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):559-67, 2004
                                16. Klöppel G et al: The gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cell system and its tumors: the WHO classification. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1014:13-27, 2004
                                17. Bader TR et al: MRI of carcinoid tumors: spectrum of appearances in the gastrointestinal tract and liver. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(3):261-9, 2001
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                Overview

                                • General Comments

                                  • Classification

                                    Pathology

                                    • Routes Spread

                                      • General Features

                                        • Gross Pathology

                                          • Microscopic Features

                                            Imaging Findings

                                            • Detection

                                              • Staging

                                                • Restaging

                                                  Clinical Issues

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Cancer History

                                                      • Treatment Options

                                                        Reporting Checklist

                                                        • T Staging

                                                          • N Staging

                                                            • M Staging

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 181-9, 2010
                                                              2. Druce MR et al: Intra-abdominal fibrosis in a recent cohort of patients with neuroendocrine ('carcinoid') tumours of the small bowel. QJM. 103(3):177-85, 2010
                                                              3. Pasieka JL: Carcinoid tumors. Surg Clin North Am. 89(5):1123-37, 2009
                                                              4. Putzer D et al: Bone metastases in patients with neuroendocrine tumor: 68Ga-DOTA-Tyr3-octreotide PET in comparison to CT and bone scintigraphy. J Nucl Med. 50(8):1214-21, 2009
                                                              5. Welin S et al: Elevated plasma chromogranin A is the first indication of recurrence in radically operated midgut carcinoid tumors. Neuroendocrinology. 89(3):302-7, 2009
                                                              6. Pape UF et al: Prognostic factors of long-term outcome in gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours. Endocr Relat Cancer. 15(4):1083-97, 2008
                                                              7. Pinchot SN et al: Carcinoid tumors. Oncologist. 13(12):1255-69, 2008
                                                              8. Steward MJ et al: Neuroendocrine tumors: role of interventional radiology in therapy. Radiographics. 28(4):1131-45, 2008
                                                              9. Chang S et al: Neuroendocrine neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract: classification, pathologic basis, and imaging features. Radiographics. 27(6):1667-79, 2007
                                                              10. Hou W et al: Treatment of gastric carcinoids. Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 10(2):123-33, 2007
                                                              11. Levy AD et al: From the archives of the AFIP: Gastrointestinal carcinoids: imaging features with clinicopathologic comparison. Radiographics. 27(1):237-57, 2007
                                                              12. Scarsbrook AF et al: Anatomic and functional imaging of metastatic carcinoid tumors. Radiographics. 27(2):455-77, 2007
                                                              13. Elsayes KM et al: MRI of the peritoneum: spectrum of abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 186(5):1368-79, 2006
                                                              14. Zuetenhorst JM et al: Metastatic carcinoid tumors: a clinical review. Oncologist. 10(2):123-31, 2005
                                                              15. Horton KM et al: Carcinoid tumors of the small bowel: a multitechnique imaging approach. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 182(3):559-67, 2004
                                                              16. Klöppel G et al: The gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cell system and its tumors: the WHO classification. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1014:13-27, 2004
                                                              17. Bader TR et al: MRI of carcinoid tumors: spectrum of appearances in the gastrointestinal tract and liver. J Magn Reson Imaging. 14(3):261-9, 2001