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Staging: Renal Pelvis and Ureter
Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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OVERVIEW

  • General Comments

    • Classification

      PATHOLOGY

      • Routes Spread

        • General Features

          • Gross Pathology

            • Microscopic Features

              IMAGING FINDINGS

              • Detection

                • Staging

                  • Restaging

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Cancer History

                        • Treatment Options

                          REPORTING CHECKLIST

                          • T Staging

                            • N Staging

                              • M Staging

                                Selected References

                                1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 491-6, 2010
                                2. Vikram R et al: Imaging and staging of transitional cell carcinoma: part 2, upper urinary tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1488-93, 2009
                                3. Wang LJ et al: Diagnostic accuracy of transitional cell carcinoma on multidetector computerized tomography urography in patients with gross hematuria. J Urol. 181(2):524-31; discussion 531, 2009
                                4. Kawamoto S et al: Transitional cell neoplasm of the upper urinary tract: evaluation with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):416-22, 2008
                                5. Maddineni SB et al: Aetiology, diagnosis and management of urothelial tumours of the renal pelvis and ureter. BJU Int. 102(9 Pt B):1302-6, 2008
                                6. Pedrosa I et al: MR imaging of renal masses: correlation with findings at surgery and pathologic analysis. Radiographics. 28(4):985-1003, 2008
                                7. Sudakoff GS et al: Multidetector computerized tomography urography as the primary imaging modality for detecting urinary tract neoplasms in patients with asymptomatic hematuria. J Urol. 179(3):862-7; discussion 867, 2008
                                8. Kondo T et al: Primary site and incidence of lymph node metastases in urothelial carcinoma of upper urinary tract. Urology. 69(2):265-9, 2007
                                9. Raman JD et al: Management of patients with upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 4(8):432-43, 2007
                                10. Browne RF et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 25(6):1609-27, 2005
                                11. Rassweiler JJ et al: Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma: is it better than open surgery? Eur Urol. 46(6):690-7, 2004
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                OVERVIEW

                                • General Comments

                                  • Classification

                                    PATHOLOGY

                                    • Routes Spread

                                      • General Features

                                        • Gross Pathology

                                          • Microscopic Features

                                            IMAGING FINDINGS

                                            • Detection

                                              • Staging

                                                • Restaging

                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                  • Presentation

                                                    • Cancer History

                                                      • Treatment Options

                                                        REPORTING CHECKLIST

                                                        • T Staging

                                                          • N Staging

                                                            • M Staging

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 491-6, 2010
                                                              2. Vikram R et al: Imaging and staging of transitional cell carcinoma: part 2, upper urinary tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1488-93, 2009
                                                              3. Wang LJ et al: Diagnostic accuracy of transitional cell carcinoma on multidetector computerized tomography urography in patients with gross hematuria. J Urol. 181(2):524-31; discussion 531, 2009
                                                              4. Kawamoto S et al: Transitional cell neoplasm of the upper urinary tract: evaluation with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):416-22, 2008
                                                              5. Maddineni SB et al: Aetiology, diagnosis and management of urothelial tumours of the renal pelvis and ureter. BJU Int. 102(9 Pt B):1302-6, 2008
                                                              6. Pedrosa I et al: MR imaging of renal masses: correlation with findings at surgery and pathologic analysis. Radiographics. 28(4):985-1003, 2008
                                                              7. Sudakoff GS et al: Multidetector computerized tomography urography as the primary imaging modality for detecting urinary tract neoplasms in patients with asymptomatic hematuria. J Urol. 179(3):862-7; discussion 867, 2008
                                                              8. Kondo T et al: Primary site and incidence of lymph node metastases in urothelial carcinoma of upper urinary tract. Urology. 69(2):265-9, 2007
                                                              9. Raman JD et al: Management of patients with upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma. Nat Clin Pract Urol. 4(8):432-43, 2007
                                                              10. Browne RF et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 25(6):1609-27, 2005
                                                              11. Rassweiler JJ et al: Laparoscopic nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract transitional cell carcinoma: is it better than open surgery? Eur Urol. 46(6):690-7, 2004