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Staging: Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Catherine C. Roberts, MD
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6

Tumor Staging

  • T Stage

    • N Stage

      • M Stage

        • G Stage

          • Stage Grouping

            • Organ Frequency

              Overview

              • General Comments

                • Classification

                  Pathology

                  • Routes Spread

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathology

                        • Microscopic Features

                          Imaging Findings

                          • Detection

                            • Staging

                              • Restaging

                                Clinical Issues

                                • Presentation

                                  • Cancer History

                                    • Treatment Options

                                      Reporting Checklist

                                      • T Staging

                                        • N Staging

                                          • M Staging

                                            • Biopsies

                                              Selected References

                                              1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 291-6, 2010
                                              2. Garner HW et al: Benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors: posttreatment MR imaging. Radiographics. 29(1):119-34, 2009
                                              3. Moore LF et al: Radiation-induced pseudotumor following therapy for soft tissue sarcoma. Skeletal Radiol. 38(6):579-84, 2009
                                              4. Navarro OM et al: Pediatric soft-tissue tumors and pseudo-tumors: MR imaging features with pathologic correlation: part 1. Imaging approach, pseudotumors, vascular lesions, and adipocytic tumors. Radiographics. 29(3):887-906, 2009
                                              5. NCCN Soft Tissue Sarcoma Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (Version 1.2009). © 2009 National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed June 29, 2009
                                              6. Shapeero LG et al: Post-treatment complications of soft tissue tumours. Eur J Radiol. 69(2):209-21, 2009
                                              7. Eary JF et al: Spatial heterogeneity in sarcoma 18F-FDG uptake as a predictor of patient outcome. J Nucl Med. 49(12):1973-9, 2008
                                              8. Hueman MT et al: Management of extremity soft tissue sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):539-57, vi, 2008
                                              9. Hueman MT et al: Management of retroperitoneal sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):583-97, vii, 2008
                                              10. Kaushal A et al: The role of radiation therapy in the management of sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):629-46, viii, 2008
                                              11. Loeb DM et al: Pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):615-27, vii, 2008
                                              12. Park K et al: The role of radiology in paediatric soft tissue sarcomas. Cancer Imaging. 8:102-15, 2008
                                              13. Toner GC et al: PET for sarcomas other than gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Oncologist. 13 Suppl 2:22-6, 2008
                                              14. van de Luijtgaarden AC et al: Promises and challenges of positron emission tomography for assessment of sarcoma in daily clinical practice. Cancer Imaging. 8 Suppl A:S61-8, 2008
                                              15. Peterson JJ: F-18 FDG-PET for detection of osseous metastatic disease and staging, restaging, and monitoring response to therapy of musculoskeletal tumors. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 11(3):246-60, 2007
                                              16. Rubin BP et al: Pathology of soft tissue sarcoma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 5(4):411-8, 2007
                                              17. Skubitz KM et al: Sarcoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 82(11):1409-32, 2007
                                              18. Tzeng CW et al: Soft tissue sarcoma: preoperative and postoperative imaging for staging. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 16(2):389-402, 2007
                                              19. Greene FL et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Atlas. 1st ed. New York: Springer. 191-4, 2006
                                              20. Enneking WF et al: A system for the surgical staging of musculoskeletal sarcoma. 1980. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (415):4-18, 2003
                                              21. Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. Lyon: IARC Press, 2002
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              Tumor Staging

                                              • T Stage

                                                • N Stage

                                                  • M Stage

                                                    • G Stage

                                                      • Stage Grouping

                                                        • Organ Frequency

                                                          Overview

                                                          • General Comments

                                                            • Classification

                                                              Pathology

                                                              • Routes Spread

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Gross Pathology

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      Imaging Findings

                                                                      • Detection

                                                                        • Staging

                                                                          • Restaging

                                                                            Clinical Issues

                                                                            • Presentation

                                                                              • Cancer History

                                                                                • Treatment Options

                                                                                  Reporting Checklist

                                                                                  • T Staging

                                                                                    • N Staging

                                                                                      • M Staging

                                                                                        • Biopsies

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 291-6, 2010
                                                                                          2. Garner HW et al: Benign and malignant soft-tissue tumors: posttreatment MR imaging. Radiographics. 29(1):119-34, 2009
                                                                                          3. Moore LF et al: Radiation-induced pseudotumor following therapy for soft tissue sarcoma. Skeletal Radiol. 38(6):579-84, 2009
                                                                                          4. Navarro OM et al: Pediatric soft-tissue tumors and pseudo-tumors: MR imaging features with pathologic correlation: part 1. Imaging approach, pseudotumors, vascular lesions, and adipocytic tumors. Radiographics. 29(3):887-906, 2009
                                                                                          5. NCCN Soft Tissue Sarcoma Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (Version 1.2009). © 2009 National Comprehensive Cancer Network, Inc. Available at: http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed June 29, 2009
                                                                                          6. Shapeero LG et al: Post-treatment complications of soft tissue tumours. Eur J Radiol. 69(2):209-21, 2009
                                                                                          7. Eary JF et al: Spatial heterogeneity in sarcoma 18F-FDG uptake as a predictor of patient outcome. J Nucl Med. 49(12):1973-9, 2008
                                                                                          8. Hueman MT et al: Management of extremity soft tissue sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):539-57, vi, 2008
                                                                                          9. Hueman MT et al: Management of retroperitoneal sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):583-97, vii, 2008
                                                                                          10. Kaushal A et al: The role of radiation therapy in the management of sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):629-46, viii, 2008
                                                                                          11. Loeb DM et al: Pediatric soft tissue sarcomas. Surg Clin North Am. 88(3):615-27, vii, 2008
                                                                                          12. Park K et al: The role of radiology in paediatric soft tissue sarcomas. Cancer Imaging. 8:102-15, 2008
                                                                                          13. Toner GC et al: PET for sarcomas other than gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Oncologist. 13 Suppl 2:22-6, 2008
                                                                                          14. van de Luijtgaarden AC et al: Promises and challenges of positron emission tomography for assessment of sarcoma in daily clinical practice. Cancer Imaging. 8 Suppl A:S61-8, 2008
                                                                                          15. Peterson JJ: F-18 FDG-PET for detection of osseous metastatic disease and staging, restaging, and monitoring response to therapy of musculoskeletal tumors. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 11(3):246-60, 2007
                                                                                          16. Rubin BP et al: Pathology of soft tissue sarcoma. J Natl Compr Canc Netw. 5(4):411-8, 2007
                                                                                          17. Skubitz KM et al: Sarcoma. Mayo Clin Proc. 82(11):1409-32, 2007
                                                                                          18. Tzeng CW et al: Soft tissue sarcoma: preoperative and postoperative imaging for staging. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 16(2):389-402, 2007
                                                                                          19. Greene FL et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Atlas. 1st ed. New York: Springer. 191-4, 2006
                                                                                          20. Enneking WF et al: A system for the surgical staging of musculoskeletal sarcoma. 1980. Clin Orthop Relat Res. (415):4-18, 2003
                                                                                          21. Fletcher CDM et al: World Health Organization Classification of Tumours. Pathology and Genetics of Tumours of Soft Tissue and Bone. Lyon: IARC Press, 2002