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Staging: Testes
David Bauer, MD; Akram M. Shaaban, MBBCh
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OVERVIEW

  • Classification

    PATHOLOGY

    • Routes Spread

      • General Features

        • Microscopic Features

          IMAGING FINDINGS

          • Detection

            • Staging

              • Restaging

                CLINICAL ISSUES

                • Presentation

                  • Cancer History

                    • Treatment Options

                      REPORTING CHECKLIST

                      • T Staging

                        • N Staging

                          • M Staging

                            Selected References

                            1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 469-78, 2010
                            2. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN): Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology, Testicular Cancer. www.nccn.org, v.2, 2009
                            3. DeCastro BJ et al: A 5-year followup study of asymptomatic men with testicular microlithiasis. J Urol. 179(4):1420-3; discussion 1423, 2008
                            4. Hinz S et al: The role of positron emission tomography in the evaluation of residual masses after chemotherapy for advanced stage seminoma. J Urol. 179(3):936-40; discussion 940, 2008
                            5. Sohaib SA et al: The role of imaging in the diagnosis, staging, and management of testicular cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):387-95, 2008
                            6. Huddart RA et al: 18fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the prediction of relapse in patients with high-risk, clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors: preliminary report of MRC Trial TE22--the NCRI Testis Tumour Clinical Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 25(21):3090-5, 2007
                            7. Kim W et al: US MR imaging correlation in pathologic conditions of the scrotum. Radiographics. 27(5):1239-53, 2007
                            8. Becherer A et al: FDG PET is superior to CT in the prediction of viable tumour in post-chemotherapy seminoma residuals. Eur J Radiol. 54(2):284-8, 2005
                            9. Kim B et al: Testicular microlithiasis: clinical significance and review of the literature. Eur Radiol. 13(12):2567-76, 2003
                            10. Woodward PJ et al: From the archives of the AFIP: tumors and tumorlike lesions of the testis: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 22(1):189-216, 2002
                            11. Walsh PC. Campbell's Urology. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 3430, 1998
                            12. Horwich A. Testicular Cancer: Investigation and Management. 2nd ed. New York: Chapman and Hall Medical. 427, 1996
                            13. Brown LM et al: Testicular cancer in young men: the search for causes of the epidemic increase in the United States. J Epidemiol Community Health. 41(4):349-54, 1987
                            14. Bredael JJ et al: Autopsy findings in 154 patients with germ cell tumors of the testis. Cancer. 50(3):548-51, 1982
                            15. Beard CM et al: The incidence and outcome of mumps orchitis in Rochester, Minnesota, 1935 to 1974. Mayo Clin Proc. 52(1):3-7, 1977
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            OVERVIEW

                            • Classification

                              PATHOLOGY

                              • Routes Spread

                                • General Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    IMAGING FINDINGS

                                    • Detection

                                      • Staging

                                        • Restaging

                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                          • Presentation

                                            • Cancer History

                                              • Treatment Options

                                                REPORTING CHECKLIST

                                                • T Staging

                                                  • N Staging

                                                    • M Staging

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. American Joint Committee on Cancer: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 7th ed. New York: Springer. 469-78, 2010
                                                      2. National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN): Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology, Testicular Cancer. www.nccn.org, v.2, 2009
                                                      3. DeCastro BJ et al: A 5-year followup study of asymptomatic men with testicular microlithiasis. J Urol. 179(4):1420-3; discussion 1423, 2008
                                                      4. Hinz S et al: The role of positron emission tomography in the evaluation of residual masses after chemotherapy for advanced stage seminoma. J Urol. 179(3):936-40; discussion 940, 2008
                                                      5. Sohaib SA et al: The role of imaging in the diagnosis, staging, and management of testicular cancer. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):387-95, 2008
                                                      6. Huddart RA et al: 18fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in the prediction of relapse in patients with high-risk, clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors: preliminary report of MRC Trial TE22--the NCRI Testis Tumour Clinical Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 25(21):3090-5, 2007
                                                      7. Kim W et al: US MR imaging correlation in pathologic conditions of the scrotum. Radiographics. 27(5):1239-53, 2007
                                                      8. Becherer A et al: FDG PET is superior to CT in the prediction of viable tumour in post-chemotherapy seminoma residuals. Eur J Radiol. 54(2):284-8, 2005
                                                      9. Kim B et al: Testicular microlithiasis: clinical significance and review of the literature. Eur Radiol. 13(12):2567-76, 2003
                                                      10. Woodward PJ et al: From the archives of the AFIP: tumors and tumorlike lesions of the testis: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 22(1):189-216, 2002
                                                      11. Walsh PC. Campbell's Urology. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Saunders. 3430, 1998
                                                      12. Horwich A. Testicular Cancer: Investigation and Management. 2nd ed. New York: Chapman and Hall Medical. 427, 1996
                                                      13. Brown LM et al: Testicular cancer in young men: the search for causes of the epidemic increase in the United States. J Epidemiol Community Health. 41(4):349-54, 1987
                                                      14. Bredael JJ et al: Autopsy findings in 154 patients with germ cell tumors of the testis. Cancer. 50(3):548-51, 1982
                                                      15. Beard CM et al: The incidence and outcome of mumps orchitis in Rochester, Minnesota, 1935 to 1974. Mayo Clin Proc. 52(1):3-7, 1977