link
Bookmarks
Sternalis Muscle
Lauren Q. Chang Sen, MD; Wendie A. Berg, MD, PhD, FACR, FSBI
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
0
4
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Parasternalis muscle
              • Rectus sterni muscle
              • Musculus sternalis
            • Definitions

              • Common anatomic variant of anterior chest wall musculature

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Mammographic Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          • Reporting Tips

                                            Selected References

                                            1. Ge Z et al: Prevalence and variance of the sternalis muscle: a study in the Chinese population using multi-detector CT. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(3):219-24, 2014
                                            2. Shiotani M et al: The sternalis muscle: radiologic findings on MDCT. Jpn J Radiol. 30(9):729-34, 2012
                                            3. Raikos A et al: Sternalis muscle: an underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant. J Cardiothorac Surg. 6:73, 2011
                                            4. Raikos A et al: Sternalis muscle: a new crossed subtype, classification, and surgical applications. Ann Plast Surg. 67(6):646-8, 2011
                                            5. Demirpolat G et al: Mammographic features of the sternalis muscle. Diagn Interv Radiol. 16(4):276-8, 2010
                                            6. Kopans DB: Anatomy, histology, physiology, and pathology. In Kopans DB: Breast Imaging. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 2007
                                            7. Nuthakki S et al: Sonography and helical computed tomography of the sternalis muscle. J Ultrasound Med. 26(2):247-50, 2007
                                            8. Goktan C et al: Musculus sternalis: a normal but rare mammographic finding and magnetic resonance imaging demonstration. Breast J. 12(5):488-9, 2006
                                            9. Young Lee B et al: The sternalis muscles: incidence and imaging findings on MDCT. J Thorac Imaging. 21(3):179-83, 2006
                                            10. Kumar H et al: Bilateral sternalis with unusual left-sided presentation: a clinical perspective. Yonsei Med J. 44(4):719-22, 2003
                                            11. Saeed M et al: Sternalis. An anatomic variant of chest wall musculature. Saudi Med J. 23(10):1214-21, 2002
                                            12. Scott-Conner CE et al: The sternalis muscle. Clin Anat. 15(1):67-9, 2002
                                            13. Jelev L et al: The sternalis muscle in the Bulgarian population: classification of sternales. J Anat. 199(Pt 3):359-63, 2001
                                            14. Kida MY et al: Sternalis muscle: topic for debate. Clin Anat. 13(2):138-40, 2000
                                            15. Bailey PM et al: The sternalis muscle: a normal finding encountered during breast surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 103(4):1189-90, 1999
                                            16. Jeng H et al: The sternalis muscle: an uncommon anatomical variant among Taiwanese. J Anat. 193 ( Pt 2):287-8, 1998
                                            17. Bradley FM et al: The sternalis muscle: an unusual normal finding seen on mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 166(1):33-6, 1996
                                            Related Anatomy
                                            Loading...
                                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                                            Loading...
                                            References
                                            Tables

                                            Tables

                                            KEY FACTS

                                            • Terminology

                                              • Imaging

                                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Parasternalis muscle
                                                        • Rectus sterni muscle
                                                        • Musculus sternalis
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Common anatomic variant of anterior chest wall musculature

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Mammographic Findings

                                                          • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                    • Reporting Tips

                                                                                      Selected References

                                                                                      1. Ge Z et al: Prevalence and variance of the sternalis muscle: a study in the Chinese population using multi-detector CT. Surg Radiol Anat. 36(3):219-24, 2014
                                                                                      2. Shiotani M et al: The sternalis muscle: radiologic findings on MDCT. Jpn J Radiol. 30(9):729-34, 2012
                                                                                      3. Raikos A et al: Sternalis muscle: an underestimated anterior chest wall anatomical variant. J Cardiothorac Surg. 6:73, 2011
                                                                                      4. Raikos A et al: Sternalis muscle: a new crossed subtype, classification, and surgical applications. Ann Plast Surg. 67(6):646-8, 2011
                                                                                      5. Demirpolat G et al: Mammographic features of the sternalis muscle. Diagn Interv Radiol. 16(4):276-8, 2010
                                                                                      6. Kopans DB: Anatomy, histology, physiology, and pathology. In Kopans DB: Breast Imaging. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven, 2007
                                                                                      7. Nuthakki S et al: Sonography and helical computed tomography of the sternalis muscle. J Ultrasound Med. 26(2):247-50, 2007
                                                                                      8. Goktan C et al: Musculus sternalis: a normal but rare mammographic finding and magnetic resonance imaging demonstration. Breast J. 12(5):488-9, 2006
                                                                                      9. Young Lee B et al: The sternalis muscles: incidence and imaging findings on MDCT. J Thorac Imaging. 21(3):179-83, 2006
                                                                                      10. Kumar H et al: Bilateral sternalis with unusual left-sided presentation: a clinical perspective. Yonsei Med J. 44(4):719-22, 2003
                                                                                      11. Saeed M et al: Sternalis. An anatomic variant of chest wall musculature. Saudi Med J. 23(10):1214-21, 2002
                                                                                      12. Scott-Conner CE et al: The sternalis muscle. Clin Anat. 15(1):67-9, 2002
                                                                                      13. Jelev L et al: The sternalis muscle in the Bulgarian population: classification of sternales. J Anat. 199(Pt 3):359-63, 2001
                                                                                      14. Kida MY et al: Sternalis muscle: topic for debate. Clin Anat. 13(2):138-40, 2000
                                                                                      15. Bailey PM et al: The sternalis muscle: a normal finding encountered during breast surgery. Plast Reconstr Surg. 103(4):1189-90, 1999
                                                                                      16. Jeng H et al: The sternalis muscle: an uncommon anatomical variant among Taiwanese. J Anat. 193 ( Pt 2):287-8, 1998
                                                                                      17. Bradley FM et al: The sternalis muscle: an unusual normal finding seen on mammography. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 166(1):33-6, 1996