link
Bookmarks
Stress Fracture, Adult
B.J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR; Donna G. Blankenbaker, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
69
19
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Fatigue fracture, insufficiency fracture, osteoporotic fracture, stress reaction
          • Definitions

            • Stress or fatigue fracture results from abnormal repetitive stress on normal bone
            • Insufficiency fracture results from normal stress on abnormal bone

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Bugbee S: Rib stress fracture in a golfer. Curr Sports Med Rep. 9(1):40-2, 2010
                                      2. Banal F et al: Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in early diagnosis of metatarsal bone stress fractures: a pilot study of 37 patients. J Rheumatol. 36(8):1715-9, 2009
                                      3. Brockwell J et al: Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Sports Med Arthrosc. 17(3):149-59, 2009
                                      4. Craig DI: Current developments concerning medial tibial stress syndrome. Phys Sportsmed. 37(4):39-44, 2009
                                      5. Davis KW: Transient migratory osteoporosis or insufficiency fracture? J Clin Rheumatol. 15(3):153, 2009
                                      6. Hodnett PA et al: MR imaging of overuse injuries of the hip. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(4):667-79, vi, 2009
                                      7. Hong SH et al: Stress fracture of the proximal fibula in military recruits. Clin Orthop Surg. 1(3):161-4, 2009
                                      8. Hubbard TJ et al: Contributing factors to medial tibial stress syndrome: a prospective investigation. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 41(3):490-6, 2009
                                      9. Krestan C et al: Imaging of insufficiency fractures. Eur J Radiol. 71(3):398-405, 2009
                                      10. Kuo CL et al: Stress fractures of forearm bones in military recruits of rifle drill training. J Trauma. 67(4):742-5, 2009
                                      11. Manore MM et al: The female athlete triad: components, nutrition issues, and health consequences. J Sports Sci. 2007;25 Suppl 1:S61-71. Review. Erratum in: J Sports Sci. 27(6):667, 2009
                                      12. Miyamoto RG et al: Surgical treatment of refractory tibial stress fractures in elite dancers: a case series. Am J Sports Med. 37(6):1150-4, 2009
                                      13. Niva MH et al: Bone stress injuries are common in female military trainees: a preliminary study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 467(11):2962-9, 2009
                                      14. Venkatanarasimha N et al: Proximal ulna stress fracture and stress reaction of the proximal radius associated with the use of crutches: a case report and literature review. J Orthop Traumatol. 10(3):155-7, 2009
                                      15. Campbell SE et al: Imaging of stress injuries of the pelvis. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(1):62-71, 2008
                                      16. Moran DS et al: Imaging of lower extremity stress fracture injuries. Sports Med. 38(4):345-56, 2008
                                      17. Zajick DC et al: Spectrum of MRI findings in clinical athletic pubalgia. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(1):3-12, 2008
                                      18. Datir AP: Stress-related bone injuries with emphasis on MRI. Clin Radiol. 62(9):828-36, 2007
                                      19. Silva MJ: Biomechanics of osteoporotic fractures. Injury. 38 Suppl 3:S69-76, 2007
                                      20. Anderson MW: Imaging of upper extremity stress fractures in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 25(3):489-504, vii, 2006
                                      21. Chen RC et al: Troublesome stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Sports Med Arthrosc. 14(4):246-51, 2006
                                      22. DeFranco MJ et al: Stress fractures of the femur in athletes. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):89-103, ix, 2006
                                      23. Gaeta M et al: High-resolution CT grading of tibial stress reactions in distance runners. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 187(3):789-93, 2006
                                      24. Gehrmann RM et al: Current concepts review: Stress fractures of the foot. Foot Ankle Int. 27(9):750-7, 2006
                                      25. Pepper M et al: The pathophysiology of stress fractures. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):1-16, vii, 2006
                                      26. Ruohola JP et al: Fatigue bone injuries causing anterior lower leg pain. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 444:216-23, 2006
                                      27. Snyder RA et al: Epidemiology of stress fractures. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):37-52, viii, 2006
                                      28. Umans HR: Imaging sports medicine injuries of the foot and toes. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):763-80, 2006
                                      29. Wall J et al: Imaging of stress fractures in runners. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):781-802, 2006
                                      30. Bolin D et al: Current concepts in the evaluation and management of stress fractures. Curr Sports Med Rep. 4(6):295-300, 2005
                                      31. Joy EA et al: Stress fractures in the female athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 4(6):323-8, 2005
                                      32. Knapp TP et al: Stress fractures: general concepts. Clin Sports Med. 16(2):339-56, 1997
                                      Related Anatomy
                                      Loading...
                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
                                      Loading...
                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Fatigue fracture, insufficiency fracture, osteoporotic fracture, stress reaction
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Stress or fatigue fracture results from abnormal repetitive stress on normal bone
                                                • Insufficiency fracture results from normal stress on abnormal bone

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Bugbee S: Rib stress fracture in a golfer. Curr Sports Med Rep. 9(1):40-2, 2010
                                                                          2. Banal F et al: Sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in early diagnosis of metatarsal bone stress fractures: a pilot study of 37 patients. J Rheumatol. 36(8):1715-9, 2009
                                                                          3. Brockwell J et al: Stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Sports Med Arthrosc. 17(3):149-59, 2009
                                                                          4. Craig DI: Current developments concerning medial tibial stress syndrome. Phys Sportsmed. 37(4):39-44, 2009
                                                                          5. Davis KW: Transient migratory osteoporosis or insufficiency fracture? J Clin Rheumatol. 15(3):153, 2009
                                                                          6. Hodnett PA et al: MR imaging of overuse injuries of the hip. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(4):667-79, vi, 2009
                                                                          7. Hong SH et al: Stress fracture of the proximal fibula in military recruits. Clin Orthop Surg. 1(3):161-4, 2009
                                                                          8. Hubbard TJ et al: Contributing factors to medial tibial stress syndrome: a prospective investigation. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 41(3):490-6, 2009
                                                                          9. Krestan C et al: Imaging of insufficiency fractures. Eur J Radiol. 71(3):398-405, 2009
                                                                          10. Kuo CL et al: Stress fractures of forearm bones in military recruits of rifle drill training. J Trauma. 67(4):742-5, 2009
                                                                          11. Manore MM et al: The female athlete triad: components, nutrition issues, and health consequences. J Sports Sci. 2007;25 Suppl 1:S61-71. Review. Erratum in: J Sports Sci. 27(6):667, 2009
                                                                          12. Miyamoto RG et al: Surgical treatment of refractory tibial stress fractures in elite dancers: a case series. Am J Sports Med. 37(6):1150-4, 2009
                                                                          13. Niva MH et al: Bone stress injuries are common in female military trainees: a preliminary study. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 467(11):2962-9, 2009
                                                                          14. Venkatanarasimha N et al: Proximal ulna stress fracture and stress reaction of the proximal radius associated with the use of crutches: a case report and literature review. J Orthop Traumatol. 10(3):155-7, 2009
                                                                          15. Campbell SE et al: Imaging of stress injuries of the pelvis. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(1):62-71, 2008
                                                                          16. Moran DS et al: Imaging of lower extremity stress fracture injuries. Sports Med. 38(4):345-56, 2008
                                                                          17. Zajick DC et al: Spectrum of MRI findings in clinical athletic pubalgia. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 12(1):3-12, 2008
                                                                          18. Datir AP: Stress-related bone injuries with emphasis on MRI. Clin Radiol. 62(9):828-36, 2007
                                                                          19. Silva MJ: Biomechanics of osteoporotic fractures. Injury. 38 Suppl 3:S69-76, 2007
                                                                          20. Anderson MW: Imaging of upper extremity stress fractures in the athlete. Clin Sports Med. 25(3):489-504, vii, 2006
                                                                          21. Chen RC et al: Troublesome stress fractures of the foot and ankle. Sports Med Arthrosc. 14(4):246-51, 2006
                                                                          22. DeFranco MJ et al: Stress fractures of the femur in athletes. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):89-103, ix, 2006
                                                                          23. Gaeta M et al: High-resolution CT grading of tibial stress reactions in distance runners. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 187(3):789-93, 2006
                                                                          24. Gehrmann RM et al: Current concepts review: Stress fractures of the foot. Foot Ankle Int. 27(9):750-7, 2006
                                                                          25. Pepper M et al: The pathophysiology of stress fractures. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):1-16, vii, 2006
                                                                          26. Ruohola JP et al: Fatigue bone injuries causing anterior lower leg pain. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 444:216-23, 2006
                                                                          27. Snyder RA et al: Epidemiology of stress fractures. Clin Sports Med. 25(1):37-52, viii, 2006
                                                                          28. Umans HR: Imaging sports medicine injuries of the foot and toes. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):763-80, 2006
                                                                          29. Wall J et al: Imaging of stress fractures in runners. Clin Sports Med. 25(4):781-802, 2006
                                                                          30. Bolin D et al: Current concepts in the evaluation and management of stress fractures. Curr Sports Med Rep. 4(6):295-300, 2005
                                                                          31. Joy EA et al: Stress fractures in the female athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 4(6):323-8, 2005
                                                                          32. Knapp TP et al: Stress fractures: general concepts. Clin Sports Med. 16(2):339-56, 1997