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Subaxial Posterior Instrumentation
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Procedure

      • Outcomes

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Vertebral artery (VA)
          • Iliac crest bone graft (ICBG)
        • Synonyms

          • Posterior cervical fusion
          • Posterior cervical stabilization
        • Definitions

          • Methods to stabilize the subaxial cervical spine with posterior element constructs

        PROCEDURE

        • Procedure Steps

          OUTCOMES

          • Complications

            Selected References

            1. Liu G et al: Anatomical considerations for the placement of cervical transarticular screws. J Neurosurg Spine. 14(1):114-21, 2011
            2. Memtsoudis SG et al: Increased in-hospital complications after primary posterior versus primary anterior cervical fusion. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):649-57. Erratum in: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 469(5):1502-4, 2011
            3. Zhao L et al: Comparison of two techniques for transarticular screw implantation in the subaxial cervical spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 24(2):126-31, 2011
            4. Campbell PG et al: Early complications related to approach in cervical spine surgery: single-center prospective study. World Neurosurg. 74(2-3):363-8, 2010
            5. Katonis P et al: Lateral mass screw complications: analysis of 1662 screws. J Spinal Disord Tech. Epub ahead of print, 2010
            6. Martin MD et al: Biomechanical implications of extending occipitocervical instrumentation to include the subaxial spine. Neurosurgery. 66(6):1148-52; discussion 1152, 2010
            7. Chamoun RB et al: Use of axial and subaxial translaminar screw fixation in the management of upper cervical spinal instability in a series of 7 children. Neurosurgery. 64(4):734-9; discussion 739, 2009
            8. Miyamoto H et al: Cervical pedicle screw insertion using a computed tomography cutout technique. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(6):681-7, 2009
            9. Miyamoto H et al: Utility of modified transarticular screw in the middle and lower cervical spine as intermediate fixation in posterior long fusion surgery. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(5):555-61, 2009
            10. Xu R et al: Lateral radiological evaluation of transarticular screw placement in the lower cervical spine. Eur Spine J. 18(3):392-7, 2009
            11. Hart RA et al: Perioperative complications of combined anterior and posterior cervical decompression and fusion crossing the cervico-thoracic junction. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(26):2887-91, 2008
            12. Hasegawa K et al: Indications for cervical pedicle screw instrumentation in nontraumatic lesions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(21):2284-9, 2008
            13. Horn EM et al: Transfacet screw placement for posterior fixation of C-7. J Neurosurg Spine. 9(2):200-6, 2008
            14. Mazel C et al: Posterior cervicothoracic instrumentation in spine tumors. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 29(11):1246-53, 2004
            15. Omeis I et al: History of instrumentation for stabilization of the subaxial cervical spine. Neurosurg Focus. 16(1):E10, 2004
            16. Vender JR et al: The evolution of posterior cervical and occipitocervical fusion and instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 16(1):E9, 2004
            17. Liu JK et al: Posterior fusion of the subaxial cervical spine: indications and techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 10(4):E7, 2001
            Related Anatomy
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            KEY FACTS

            • Terminology

              • Procedure

                • Outcomes

                  TERMINOLOGY

                  • Abbreviations

                    • Vertebral artery (VA)
                    • Iliac crest bone graft (ICBG)
                  • Synonyms

                    • Posterior cervical fusion
                    • Posterior cervical stabilization
                  • Definitions

                    • Methods to stabilize the subaxial cervical spine with posterior element constructs

                  PROCEDURE

                  • Procedure Steps

                    OUTCOMES

                    • Complications

                      Selected References

                      1. Liu G et al: Anatomical considerations for the placement of cervical transarticular screws. J Neurosurg Spine. 14(1):114-21, 2011
                      2. Memtsoudis SG et al: Increased in-hospital complications after primary posterior versus primary anterior cervical fusion. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):649-57. Erratum in: Clin Orthop Relat Res. 469(5):1502-4, 2011
                      3. Zhao L et al: Comparison of two techniques for transarticular screw implantation in the subaxial cervical spine. J Spinal Disord Tech. 24(2):126-31, 2011
                      4. Campbell PG et al: Early complications related to approach in cervical spine surgery: single-center prospective study. World Neurosurg. 74(2-3):363-8, 2010
                      5. Katonis P et al: Lateral mass screw complications: analysis of 1662 screws. J Spinal Disord Tech. Epub ahead of print, 2010
                      6. Martin MD et al: Biomechanical implications of extending occipitocervical instrumentation to include the subaxial spine. Neurosurgery. 66(6):1148-52; discussion 1152, 2010
                      7. Chamoun RB et al: Use of axial and subaxial translaminar screw fixation in the management of upper cervical spinal instability in a series of 7 children. Neurosurgery. 64(4):734-9; discussion 739, 2009
                      8. Miyamoto H et al: Cervical pedicle screw insertion using a computed tomography cutout technique. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(6):681-7, 2009
                      9. Miyamoto H et al: Utility of modified transarticular screw in the middle and lower cervical spine as intermediate fixation in posterior long fusion surgery. J Neurosurg Spine. 11(5):555-61, 2009
                      10. Xu R et al: Lateral radiological evaluation of transarticular screw placement in the lower cervical spine. Eur Spine J. 18(3):392-7, 2009
                      11. Hart RA et al: Perioperative complications of combined anterior and posterior cervical decompression and fusion crossing the cervico-thoracic junction. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(26):2887-91, 2008
                      12. Hasegawa K et al: Indications for cervical pedicle screw instrumentation in nontraumatic lesions. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 33(21):2284-9, 2008
                      13. Horn EM et al: Transfacet screw placement for posterior fixation of C-7. J Neurosurg Spine. 9(2):200-6, 2008
                      14. Mazel C et al: Posterior cervicothoracic instrumentation in spine tumors. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 29(11):1246-53, 2004
                      15. Omeis I et al: History of instrumentation for stabilization of the subaxial cervical spine. Neurosurg Focus. 16(1):E10, 2004
                      16. Vender JR et al: The evolution of posterior cervical and occipitocervical fusion and instrumentation. Neurosurg Focus. 16(1):E9, 2004
                      17. Liu JK et al: Posterior fusion of the subaxial cervical spine: indications and techniques. Neurosurg Focus. 10(4):E7, 2001