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Sublingual Gland Carcinoma
Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Sublingual gland (SLG) carcinoma
              • Definitions

                • Primary salivary malignancy in SLG
                  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACCa) > mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MECa) > others

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              • Reporting Tips

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Kojima T et al: A retrospective multicenter study of sublingual gland carcinoma in Japan. Auris Nasus Larynx. 47(1):111-5, 2020
                                                2. Lin Y et al: Sublingual gland tumors worldwide: a descriptive retrospective study of 839 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 78(9):1546-56., 2020
                                                3. Agarwal AK et al: Imaging of submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 28(2):227-43, 2018
                                                4. Atkinson C et al: Cross-sectional imaging techniques and normal anatomy of the salivary glands. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 28(2):137-58, 2018
                                                5. Fujita M et al: A case of sublingual adenoid cystic carcinoma involving the mandible presenting as a "skip lesion". Oral Radiol. 34(3):281-7, 2018
                                                6. Amin MB et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 8th Ed. Springer New York, 2017
                                                7. Afzelius P et al: Imaging of the major salivary glands. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 36(1):1-10, 2016
                                                8. Andreasen S et al: Tumors of the sublingual gland: a national clinicopathologic study of 29 cases. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 273(11):3847-56, 2016
                                                9. Ryu IS et al: Clinical outcomes of patients with salivary gland carcinomas preoperatively misdiagnosed as benign lesions. Head Neck. 35(12):1764-70, 2013
                                                10. Sun G et al: The treatment of sublingual gland tumours. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 39(9):863-8, 2010
                                                11. Saito M et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of sublingual gland involving the submandibular duct. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 37(7):421-4, 2008
                                                12. Yu T et al: Malignant sublingual gland tumors: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 28 cases. Oncology. 72(1-2):39-44, 2007
                                                13. Ogawa Y et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma associated with salivary duct cyst in the sublingual gland. J Oral Pathol Med. 33(5):311-3, 2004
                                                14. Rinaldo A et al: Management of malignant sublingual salivary gland tumors. Oral Oncol. 40(1):2-5, 2004
                                                15. Asaumi J et al: Assessment of carcinoma in the sublingual region based on magnetic resonance imaging. Oncol Rep. 9(6):1283-7, 2002
                                                16. Schindler S et al: Diagnostic challenges in aspiration cytology of the salivary glands. Semin Diagn Pathol. 18(2):124-46, 2001
                                                17. Murakami R et al: MR imaging of squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth. Appearance of the sublingual and submandibular glands. Acta Radiol. 40(3):276-81, 1999
                                                18. Sumi M et al: Sublingual gland: MR features of normal and diseased states. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(3):717-22, 1999
                                                19. McFall MR et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sublingual salivary gland in a 16-year-old female--report of a case and review of the literature. J Laryngol Otol. 111(5):485-8, 1997
                                                20. Spiro RH: Treating tumors of the sublingual glands, including a useful technique for repair of the floor of the mouth after resection. Am J Surg. 170(5):457-60, 1995
                                                21. Whear NM et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sublingual gland--an unusual presentation. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 31(2):113-6, 1993
                                                22. Andersen LJ et al: Malignant epithelial tumors in the minor salivary glands, the submandibular gland, and the sublingual gland. Prognostic factors and treatment results. Cancer. 68(11):2431-7, 1991
                                                23. Batsakis JG: Sublingual gland. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 100(6):521-2, 1991
                                                24. Yu GY et al: Carcinoma of the salivary gland: a clinicopathologic study of 405 cases. Semin Surg Oncol. 3(4):240-4, 1987
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Pathology

                                                        • Clinical Issues

                                                          • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                                            • Abbreviations

                                                              • Sublingual gland (SLG) carcinoma
                                                            • Definitions

                                                              • Primary salivary malignancy in SLG
                                                                • Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACCa) > mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MECa) > others

                                                            IMAGING

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • CT Findings

                                                                • MR Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                • Presentation

                                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                        • Consider

                                                                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                            • Reporting Tips

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Kojima T et al: A retrospective multicenter study of sublingual gland carcinoma in Japan. Auris Nasus Larynx. 47(1):111-5, 2020
                                                                                              2. Lin Y et al: Sublingual gland tumors worldwide: a descriptive retrospective study of 839 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 78(9):1546-56., 2020
                                                                                              3. Agarwal AK et al: Imaging of submandibular and sublingual salivary glands. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 28(2):227-43, 2018
                                                                                              4. Atkinson C et al: Cross-sectional imaging techniques and normal anatomy of the salivary glands. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 28(2):137-58, 2018
                                                                                              5. Fujita M et al: A case of sublingual adenoid cystic carcinoma involving the mandible presenting as a "skip lesion". Oral Radiol. 34(3):281-7, 2018
                                                                                              6. Amin MB et al: AJCC Cancer Staging Manual. 8th Ed. Springer New York, 2017
                                                                                              7. Afzelius P et al: Imaging of the major salivary glands. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 36(1):1-10, 2016
                                                                                              8. Andreasen S et al: Tumors of the sublingual gland: a national clinicopathologic study of 29 cases. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 273(11):3847-56, 2016
                                                                                              9. Ryu IS et al: Clinical outcomes of patients with salivary gland carcinomas preoperatively misdiagnosed as benign lesions. Head Neck. 35(12):1764-70, 2013
                                                                                              10. Sun G et al: The treatment of sublingual gland tumours. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 39(9):863-8, 2010
                                                                                              11. Saito M et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of sublingual gland involving the submandibular duct. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 37(7):421-4, 2008
                                                                                              12. Yu T et al: Malignant sublingual gland tumors: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 28 cases. Oncology. 72(1-2):39-44, 2007
                                                                                              13. Ogawa Y et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma associated with salivary duct cyst in the sublingual gland. J Oral Pathol Med. 33(5):311-3, 2004
                                                                                              14. Rinaldo A et al: Management of malignant sublingual salivary gland tumors. Oral Oncol. 40(1):2-5, 2004
                                                                                              15. Asaumi J et al: Assessment of carcinoma in the sublingual region based on magnetic resonance imaging. Oncol Rep. 9(6):1283-7, 2002
                                                                                              16. Schindler S et al: Diagnostic challenges in aspiration cytology of the salivary glands. Semin Diagn Pathol. 18(2):124-46, 2001
                                                                                              17. Murakami R et al: MR imaging of squamous cell carcinoma of the floor of the mouth. Appearance of the sublingual and submandibular glands. Acta Radiol. 40(3):276-81, 1999
                                                                                              18. Sumi M et al: Sublingual gland: MR features of normal and diseased states. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(3):717-22, 1999
                                                                                              19. McFall MR et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sublingual salivary gland in a 16-year-old female--report of a case and review of the literature. J Laryngol Otol. 111(5):485-8, 1997
                                                                                              20. Spiro RH: Treating tumors of the sublingual glands, including a useful technique for repair of the floor of the mouth after resection. Am J Surg. 170(5):457-60, 1995
                                                                                              21. Whear NM et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sublingual gland--an unusual presentation. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 31(2):113-6, 1993
                                                                                              22. Andersen LJ et al: Malignant epithelial tumors in the minor salivary glands, the submandibular gland, and the sublingual gland. Prognostic factors and treatment results. Cancer. 68(11):2431-7, 1991
                                                                                              23. Batsakis JG: Sublingual gland. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 100(6):521-2, 1991
                                                                                              24. Yu GY et al: Carcinoma of the salivary gland: a clinicopathologic study of 405 cases. Semin Surg Oncol. 3(4):240-4, 1987