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Temporal Bone Perineural Parotid Malignancy
Hilda E. Stambuk, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Perineural tumor spread (PNT) on intratemporal facial nerve (CNVII)
          • Synonyms

            • Neurotropic spread on intratemporal facial nerve
          • Definitions

            • Local tumor extension along intratemporal CNVII

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Carlson ML et al: Occult temporal bone facial nerve involvement by parotid malignancies with perineural spread. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 153(3):385-91, 2015
                                          2. Mantravadi AV et al: Lateral temporal bone and parotid malignancy with facial nerve involvement. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 144(3):395-401, 2011
                                          3. Gomez DR et al: Clinical and pathologic prognostic features in acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Cancer. 115(10):2128-37, 2009
                                          4. Raghavan P et al: Imaging of the facial nerve. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 19(3):407-25, 2009
                                          5. Lee KJ et al: Determination of perineural invasion preoperatively on radiographic images. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 139(2):275-80, 2008
                                          6. Nguyen BD et al: Salivary duct carcinoma with perineural spread to facial canal: F-18 FDG PET/CT detection. Clin Nucl Med. 33(12):925-8, 2008
                                          7. Selcuk A et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the parotid gland presenting as temporal bone neoplasm: a case report. B-ENT. 3(3):153-6, 2007
                                          8. Terhaard C et al: Facial nerve function in carcinoma of the parotid gland. Eur J Cancer. 42(16):2744-50, 2006
                                          9. Chang PC et al: Perineural spread of malignant melanoma of the head and neck: clinical and imaging features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 25(1):5-11, 2004
                                          10. Garcia-Serra A et al: Management of neurotropic low-grade B-cell lymphoma: report of two cases. Head Neck. 25(11):972-6, 2003
                                          11. Kaylie DM et al: Preoperative facial muscle imaging predicts final facial function after facial nerve grafting. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(3):326-30, 2003
                                          12. Selesnick SH et al: Regional spread of nonneurogenic tumors to the skull base via the facial nerve. Otol Neurotol. 24(2):326-33, 2003
                                          13. Schmalfuss IM et al: Perineural tumor spread along the auriculotemporal nerve. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(2):303-11, 2002
                                          14. Fischbein NJ et al: MR imaging in two cases of subacute denervation change in the muscles of facial expression. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(5):880-4, 2001
                                          15. Williams LS et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous squamous and basal cell carcinoma: CT and MR detection and its impact on patient management and prognosis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 49(4):1061-9, 2001
                                          16. Jungehuelsing M et al: Limitations of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of perineural tumor spread causing facial nerve paralysis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 126(4):506-10, 2000
                                          17. Caldemeyer KS et al: Imaging features and clinical significance of perineural spread or extension of head and neck tumors. Radiographics. 18(1):97-110; quiz 147, 1998
                                          18. McNab AA et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma via the orbit. Clinical features and outcome in 21 cases. Ophthalmology. 104(9):1457-62, 1997
                                          19. Ginsberg LE et al: Greater superficial petrosal nerve: anatomy and MR findings in perineural tumor spread. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(2):389-93, 1996
                                          20. Catalano PJ et al: Cranial neuropathy secondary to perineural spread of cutaneous malignancies. Am J Otol. 16(6):772-7, 1995
                                          21. Schifter M et al: Perineural spread of squamous cell carcinoma involving trigeminal and facial nerves. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 75(5):587-90, 1993
                                          22. Frankenthaler RA et al: Prognostic variables in parotid gland cancer. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 117(11):1251-6, 1991
                                          23. Parker GD et al: Clinical-radiologic issues in perineural tumor spread of malignant diseases of the extracranial head and neck. Radiographics. 11(3):383-99, 1991
                                          24. Clouston PD et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous head and neck cancer. Its orbital and central neurologic complications. Arch Neurol. 47(1):73-7, 1990
                                          25. Nelson BR et al: Facial nerve palsy as a result of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 15(5):510-3, 1989
                                          26. Vrielinck LJ et al: The significance of perineural spread in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the major and minor salivary glands. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 17(3):190-3, 1988
                                          27. Cottel WI: Perineural invasion by squamous-cell carcinoma. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 8(7):589-600, 1982
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Perineural tumor spread (PNT) on intratemporal facial nerve (CNVII)
                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Neurotropic spread on intratemporal facial nerve
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Local tumor extension along intratemporal CNVII

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                    • Microscopic Features

                                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                      • Presentation

                                                                        • Demographics

                                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                            • Treatment

                                                                              DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                              • Consider

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Carlson ML et al: Occult temporal bone facial nerve involvement by parotid malignancies with perineural spread. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 153(3):385-91, 2015
                                                                                  2. Mantravadi AV et al: Lateral temporal bone and parotid malignancy with facial nerve involvement. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 144(3):395-401, 2011
                                                                                  3. Gomez DR et al: Clinical and pathologic prognostic features in acinic cell carcinoma of the parotid gland. Cancer. 115(10):2128-37, 2009
                                                                                  4. Raghavan P et al: Imaging of the facial nerve. Neuroimaging Clin N Am. 19(3):407-25, 2009
                                                                                  5. Lee KJ et al: Determination of perineural invasion preoperatively on radiographic images. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 139(2):275-80, 2008
                                                                                  6. Nguyen BD et al: Salivary duct carcinoma with perineural spread to facial canal: F-18 FDG PET/CT detection. Clin Nucl Med. 33(12):925-8, 2008
                                                                                  7. Selcuk A et al: Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the parotid gland presenting as temporal bone neoplasm: a case report. B-ENT. 3(3):153-6, 2007
                                                                                  8. Terhaard C et al: Facial nerve function in carcinoma of the parotid gland. Eur J Cancer. 42(16):2744-50, 2006
                                                                                  9. Chang PC et al: Perineural spread of malignant melanoma of the head and neck: clinical and imaging features. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 25(1):5-11, 2004
                                                                                  10. Garcia-Serra A et al: Management of neurotropic low-grade B-cell lymphoma: report of two cases. Head Neck. 25(11):972-6, 2003
                                                                                  11. Kaylie DM et al: Preoperative facial muscle imaging predicts final facial function after facial nerve grafting. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(3):326-30, 2003
                                                                                  12. Selesnick SH et al: Regional spread of nonneurogenic tumors to the skull base via the facial nerve. Otol Neurotol. 24(2):326-33, 2003
                                                                                  13. Schmalfuss IM et al: Perineural tumor spread along the auriculotemporal nerve. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(2):303-11, 2002
                                                                                  14. Fischbein NJ et al: MR imaging in two cases of subacute denervation change in the muscles of facial expression. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(5):880-4, 2001
                                                                                  15. Williams LS et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous squamous and basal cell carcinoma: CT and MR detection and its impact on patient management and prognosis. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 49(4):1061-9, 2001
                                                                                  16. Jungehuelsing M et al: Limitations of magnetic resonance imaging in the evaluation of perineural tumor spread causing facial nerve paralysis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 126(4):506-10, 2000
                                                                                  17. Caldemeyer KS et al: Imaging features and clinical significance of perineural spread or extension of head and neck tumors. Radiographics. 18(1):97-110; quiz 147, 1998
                                                                                  18. McNab AA et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma via the orbit. Clinical features and outcome in 21 cases. Ophthalmology. 104(9):1457-62, 1997
                                                                                  19. Ginsberg LE et al: Greater superficial petrosal nerve: anatomy and MR findings in perineural tumor spread. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 17(2):389-93, 1996
                                                                                  20. Catalano PJ et al: Cranial neuropathy secondary to perineural spread of cutaneous malignancies. Am J Otol. 16(6):772-7, 1995
                                                                                  21. Schifter M et al: Perineural spread of squamous cell carcinoma involving trigeminal and facial nerves. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol. 75(5):587-90, 1993
                                                                                  22. Frankenthaler RA et al: Prognostic variables in parotid gland cancer. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 117(11):1251-6, 1991
                                                                                  23. Parker GD et al: Clinical-radiologic issues in perineural tumor spread of malignant diseases of the extracranial head and neck. Radiographics. 11(3):383-99, 1991
                                                                                  24. Clouston PD et al: Perineural spread of cutaneous head and neck cancer. Its orbital and central neurologic complications. Arch Neurol. 47(1):73-7, 1990
                                                                                  25. Nelson BR et al: Facial nerve palsy as a result of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 15(5):510-3, 1989
                                                                                  26. Vrielinck LJ et al: The significance of perineural spread in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the major and minor salivary glands. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 17(3):190-3, 1988
                                                                                  27. Cottel WI: Perineural invasion by squamous-cell carcinoma. J Dermatol Surg Oncol. 8(7):589-600, 1982