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Temporal Pole (Area 38)
Jeffrey S. Anderson, MD, PhD; Jared A. Nielsen, PhD
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Location and Boundaries

  • Location

    • Boundaries

      Function

      • Multimodal Sensory/Emotional Integration

        • Face Recognition and Social Processing

          • Theory of Mind

            • Memory

              • Complex Object Naming

                Structural Connections

                • Orbitofrontal Cortex and Amygdala

                  • Basal Forebrain and Hypothalamus

                    • Multimodal Sensory Cortex

                      • Insula

                        Functional Connections

                        • Coactive Regions

                          • Associated Literature Keywords (NeuroSynth)

                            Area 38-Associated Disorders

                            • Traumatic Brain Injury

                              • Semantic Dementia

                                • Klüver-Bucy Syndrome

                                  • Neurosurgery

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Abel TJ et al: Role of the temporal pole in temporal lobe epilepsy seizure networks: an intracranial electrode investigation. J Neurosurg. 129(1):165-73, 2018
                                    2. Collins JA et al: Focal temporal pole atrophy and network degeneration in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia. Brain. 140(2):457-71, 2017
                                    3. Chadwick MJ et al: Semantic representations in the temporal pole predict false memories. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 113(36):10180-5, 2016
                                    4. Sajjadi SA et al: Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging for single subject diagnosis in neurodegenerative diseases. Brain. 136(Pt 7):2253-61, 2013
                                    5. Van Essen DC et al: Parcellations and hemispheric asymmetries of human cerebral cortex analyzed on surface-based atlases. Cereb Cortex. 22(10):2241-62, 2012
                                    6. Acosta-Cabronero J et al: Atrophy, hypometabolism and white matter abnormalities in semantic dementia tell a coherent story. Brain. 134(Pt 7):2025-35, 2011
                                    7. Binder JR et al: Mapping anterior temporal lobe language areas with fMRI: a multicenter normative study. Neuroimage. 54(2):1465-75, 2011
                                    8. Marcus DS et al: Informatics and data mining tools and strategies for the human connectome project. Front Neuroinform. 5:4, 2011
                                    9. Tsapkini K et al: The function of the left anterior temporal pole: evidence from acute stroke and infarct volume. Brain. 134(Pt 10):3094-105, 2011
                                    10. Blaizot X et al: The human parahippocampal region: I. Temporal pole cytoarchitectonic and MRI correlation. Cereb Cortex. 20(9):2198-212, 2010
                                    11. Ross LA et al: Social cognition and the anterior temporal lobes. Neuroimage. 49(4):3452-62, 2010
                                    12. Simmons WK et al: The selectivity and functional connectivity of the anterior temporal lobes. Cereb Cortex. 20(4):813-25, 2010
                                    13. Seeley WW et al: Neurodegenerative diseases target large-scale human brain networks. Neuron. 62(1):42-52, 2009
                                    14. Olson IR et al: The enigmatic temporal pole: a review of findings on social and emotional processing. Brain. 130(Pt 7):1718-31, 2007
                                    15. Maldjian JA et al: An automated method for neuroanatomic and cytoarchitectonic atlas-based interrogation of fMRI data sets. Neuroimage. 19(3):1233-9, 2003
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    Location and Boundaries

                                    • Location

                                      • Boundaries

                                        Function

                                        • Multimodal Sensory/Emotional Integration

                                          • Face Recognition and Social Processing

                                            • Theory of Mind

                                              • Memory

                                                • Complex Object Naming

                                                  Structural Connections

                                                  • Orbitofrontal Cortex and Amygdala

                                                    • Basal Forebrain and Hypothalamus

                                                      • Multimodal Sensory Cortex

                                                        • Insula

                                                          Functional Connections

                                                          • Coactive Regions

                                                            • Associated Literature Keywords (NeuroSynth)

                                                              Area 38-Associated Disorders

                                                              • Traumatic Brain Injury

                                                                • Semantic Dementia

                                                                  • Klüver-Bucy Syndrome

                                                                    • Neurosurgery

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Abel TJ et al: Role of the temporal pole in temporal lobe epilepsy seizure networks: an intracranial electrode investigation. J Neurosurg. 129(1):165-73, 2018
                                                                      2. Collins JA et al: Focal temporal pole atrophy and network degeneration in semantic variant primary progressive aphasia. Brain. 140(2):457-71, 2017
                                                                      3. Chadwick MJ et al: Semantic representations in the temporal pole predict false memories. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 113(36):10180-5, 2016
                                                                      4. Sajjadi SA et al: Diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging for single subject diagnosis in neurodegenerative diseases. Brain. 136(Pt 7):2253-61, 2013
                                                                      5. Van Essen DC et al: Parcellations and hemispheric asymmetries of human cerebral cortex analyzed on surface-based atlases. Cereb Cortex. 22(10):2241-62, 2012
                                                                      6. Acosta-Cabronero J et al: Atrophy, hypometabolism and white matter abnormalities in semantic dementia tell a coherent story. Brain. 134(Pt 7):2025-35, 2011
                                                                      7. Binder JR et al: Mapping anterior temporal lobe language areas with fMRI: a multicenter normative study. Neuroimage. 54(2):1465-75, 2011
                                                                      8. Marcus DS et al: Informatics and data mining tools and strategies for the human connectome project. Front Neuroinform. 5:4, 2011
                                                                      9. Tsapkini K et al: The function of the left anterior temporal pole: evidence from acute stroke and infarct volume. Brain. 134(Pt 10):3094-105, 2011
                                                                      10. Blaizot X et al: The human parahippocampal region: I. Temporal pole cytoarchitectonic and MRI correlation. Cereb Cortex. 20(9):2198-212, 2010
                                                                      11. Ross LA et al: Social cognition and the anterior temporal lobes. Neuroimage. 49(4):3452-62, 2010
                                                                      12. Simmons WK et al: The selectivity and functional connectivity of the anterior temporal lobes. Cereb Cortex. 20(4):813-25, 2010
                                                                      13. Seeley WW et al: Neurodegenerative diseases target large-scale human brain networks. Neuron. 62(1):42-52, 2009
                                                                      14. Olson IR et al: The enigmatic temporal pole: a review of findings on social and emotional processing. Brain. 130(Pt 7):1718-31, 2007
                                                                      15. Maldjian JA et al: An automated method for neuroanatomic and cytoarchitectonic atlas-based interrogation of fMRI data sets. Neuroimage. 19(3):1233-9, 2003