link
Bookmarks
Thoracic and Lumbar Hyperextension Injury
Bryson Borg, MD; Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Log inSubscribe
0
2
0
0

KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Synonyms

            • Extension-distraction injury
            • Hyperextension-dislocation injury
            • Lumbarjack paraplegia

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • MR Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Demographics

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        • Treatment

                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                            Selected References

                            1. Westerveld LA et al: Clinical outcome after traumatic spinal fractures in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders compared with control patients. Spine J. 14(5):729-40, 2014
                            2. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
                            3. Elgafy H et al: Three-column ligamentous extension injury of the thoracic spine: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 32(25):E785-8, 2007
                            4. Smith IJ et al: Lower lumbar hyperextension fracture without paraplegia. J Spinal Disord Tech. 16(3):295-8, 2003
                            5. Mirza SK et al: Classifications of thoracic and lumbar fractures: rationale and supporting data. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 10(5):364-77, 2002
                            6. Davis RE et al: Traumatic hyperextension/hyperflexion of the lumbar vertebrae with entrapment and strangulation of small bowel: case report. J Trauma. 49(5):958-9, 2000
                            7. Chiu WC et al: Entrapment and obstruction of the esophagus from thoracic spine hyperextension-dislocation injury. J Trauma. 46(5):959-61, 1999
                            8. Nabeshima Y et al: Extension injury of the thoracolumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 22(13):1522-5; discussion 1525-6, 1997
                            9. Ghavam C et al: Extension-distraction fracture of the first lumbar vertebra. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 20(9):1080-3, 1995
                            10. Denis F et al: Shear fracture-dislocations of the thoracic and lumbar spine associated with forceful hyperextension (lumberjack paraplegia). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 17(2):156-61, 1992
                            Related Anatomy
                            Loading...
                            Related Differential Diagnoses
                            Loading...
                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Imaging

                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Synonyms

                                      • Extension-distraction injury
                                      • Hyperextension-dislocation injury
                                      • Lumbarjack paraplegia

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • MR Findings

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            PATHOLOGY

                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                              • Demographics

                                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                  • Treatment

                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Westerveld LA et al: Clinical outcome after traumatic spinal fractures in patients with ankylosing spinal disorders compared with control patients. Spine J. 14(5):729-40, 2014
                                                      2. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
                                                      3. Elgafy H et al: Three-column ligamentous extension injury of the thoracic spine: a case report and review of the literature. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 32(25):E785-8, 2007
                                                      4. Smith IJ et al: Lower lumbar hyperextension fracture without paraplegia. J Spinal Disord Tech. 16(3):295-8, 2003
                                                      5. Mirza SK et al: Classifications of thoracic and lumbar fractures: rationale and supporting data. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 10(5):364-77, 2002
                                                      6. Davis RE et al: Traumatic hyperextension/hyperflexion of the lumbar vertebrae with entrapment and strangulation of small bowel: case report. J Trauma. 49(5):958-9, 2000
                                                      7. Chiu WC et al: Entrapment and obstruction of the esophagus from thoracic spine hyperextension-dislocation injury. J Trauma. 46(5):959-61, 1999
                                                      8. Nabeshima Y et al: Extension injury of the thoracolumbar spine. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 22(13):1522-5; discussion 1525-6, 1997
                                                      9. Ghavam C et al: Extension-distraction fracture of the first lumbar vertebra. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 20(9):1080-3, 1995
                                                      10. Denis F et al: Shear fracture-dislocations of the thoracic and lumbar spine associated with forceful hyperextension (lumberjack paraplegia). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 17(2):156-61, 1992