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Thoracic Bony Trauma
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD; Julia R. Crim, MD
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DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

    ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

    • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

      • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

        Selected References

        1. Joaquim AF et al: A simplified treatment algorithm for treating thoracic and lumbar spine trauma. J Spinal Cord Med. 42(4):416-22, 2019
        2. Schnake KJ et al: AO spine classification systems (subaxial, thoracolumbar). J Orthop Trauma. 31 Suppl 4:S14-23, 2017
        3. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
        4. Lenarz CJ et al: Comparative reliability of 3 thoracolumbar fracture classification systems. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(6):422-7, 2009
        5. Vaccaro AR et al: Reliability of a novel classification system for thoracolumbar injuries: the thoracolumbar injury severity score. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 31(11 Suppl):S62-9; discussion S104, 2006
        6. Vaccaro AR et al: A new classification of thoracolumbar injuries: the importance of injury morphology, the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurologic status. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(20):2325-33, 2005
        Related Anatomy
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        Related Differential Diagnoses
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        References
        Tables

        Tables

        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

          ESSENTIAL INFORMATION

          • Key Differential Diagnosis Issues

            • Helpful Clues for Common Diagnoses

              Selected References

              1. Joaquim AF et al: A simplified treatment algorithm for treating thoracic and lumbar spine trauma. J Spinal Cord Med. 42(4):416-22, 2019
              2. Schnake KJ et al: AO spine classification systems (subaxial, thoracolumbar). J Orthop Trauma. 31 Suppl 4:S14-23, 2017
              3. Reinhold M et al: AO spine injury classification system: a revision proposal for the thoracic and lumbar spine. Eur Spine J. 22(10):2184-201, 2013
              4. Lenarz CJ et al: Comparative reliability of 3 thoracolumbar fracture classification systems. J Spinal Disord Tech. 22(6):422-7, 2009
              5. Vaccaro AR et al: Reliability of a novel classification system for thoracolumbar injuries: the thoracolumbar injury severity score. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 31(11 Suppl):S62-9; discussion S104, 2006
              6. Vaccaro AR et al: A new classification of thoracolumbar injuries: the importance of injury morphology, the integrity of the posterior ligamentous complex, and neurologic status. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(20):2325-33, 2005