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Thoracoabdominal Lymphadenopathy
R. Brooke Jeffrey, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Abnormal lymph nodes due to increased size or internal characteristics (i.e., necrosis, calcification, vascularity)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Fluoroscopic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                        • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                  • Microscopic Features

                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                    • Presentation

                                      • Demographics

                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                          • Treatment

                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                            • Consider

                                              • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                Selected References

                                                1. Low RN: Diffusion-weighted MR imaging for whole body metastatic disease and lymphadenopathy. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(2):245-61, 2009
                                                2. Tateishi U et al: Nodal status of malignant lymphoma in pelvic and retroperitoneal lymphatic pathways: PET/CT. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                3. Barker R et al: Imaging in multicentric Castleman's disease. J HIV Ther. 13(3):72-4, 2008
                                                4. Zhou LP et al: Imaging findings of Castleman disease of the abdomen and pelvis. Abdom Imaging. 33(4):482-8, 2008
                                                5. Guihot A et al: Thoracic radiographic and CT findings of multicentric Castleman disease in HIV-infected patients. J Thorac Imaging. 22(2):207-11, 2007
                                                6. De Backer AI et al: Abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy: MRI features. Eur Radiol. 15(10):2104-9, 2005
                                                7. Ghazinoor S et al: Increased through-transmission in abdominal tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Ultrasound Med. 23(6):837-41, 2004
                                                8. Vanhoenacker FM et al: Imaging of gastrointestinal and abdominal tuberculosis. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E103-15, 2004
                                                9. Malik A et al: Ultrasound in abdominal tuberculosis. Abdom Imaging. 28(4):574-9, 2003
                                                10. Akhan O et al: Imaging of abdominal tuberculosis. Eur Radiol. 12(2):312-23, 2002
                                                11. Engin G et al: Imaging of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Radiographics. 20(2):471-88; quiz 529-30, 532, 2000
                                                12. Kim SY et al: Abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy: MR imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 25(6):627-32, 2000
                                                13. Suri S et al: Computed tomography in abdominal tuberculosis. Br J Radiol. 72(853):92-8, 1999
                                                14. Yang ZG et al: Tuberculosis versus lymphomas in the abdominal lymph nodes: evaluation with contrast-enhanced CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(3):619-23, 1999
                                                Related Anatomy
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                                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                                References
                                                Tables

                                                Tables

                                                KEY FACTS

                                                • Terminology

                                                  • Imaging

                                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Abnormal lymph nodes due to increased size or internal characteristics (i.e., necrosis, calcification, vascularity)

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                                • CT Findings

                                                                  • MR Findings

                                                                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                                          • General Features

                                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                          • Consider

                                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                              Selected References

                                                                                              1. Low RN: Diffusion-weighted MR imaging for whole body metastatic disease and lymphadenopathy. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 17(2):245-61, 2009
                                                                                              2. Tateishi U et al: Nodal status of malignant lymphoma in pelvic and retroperitoneal lymphatic pathways: PET/CT. Abdom Imaging. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                                                              3. Barker R et al: Imaging in multicentric Castleman's disease. J HIV Ther. 13(3):72-4, 2008
                                                                                              4. Zhou LP et al: Imaging findings of Castleman disease of the abdomen and pelvis. Abdom Imaging. 33(4):482-8, 2008
                                                                                              5. Guihot A et al: Thoracic radiographic and CT findings of multicentric Castleman disease in HIV-infected patients. J Thorac Imaging. 22(2):207-11, 2007
                                                                                              6. De Backer AI et al: Abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy: MRI features. Eur Radiol. 15(10):2104-9, 2005
                                                                                              7. Ghazinoor S et al: Increased through-transmission in abdominal tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Ultrasound Med. 23(6):837-41, 2004
                                                                                              8. Vanhoenacker FM et al: Imaging of gastrointestinal and abdominal tuberculosis. Eur Radiol. 14 Suppl 3:E103-15, 2004
                                                                                              9. Malik A et al: Ultrasound in abdominal tuberculosis. Abdom Imaging. 28(4):574-9, 2003
                                                                                              10. Akhan O et al: Imaging of abdominal tuberculosis. Eur Radiol. 12(2):312-23, 2002
                                                                                              11. Engin G et al: Imaging of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Radiographics. 20(2):471-88; quiz 529-30, 532, 2000
                                                                                              12. Kim SY et al: Abdominal tuberculous lymphadenopathy: MR imaging findings. Abdom Imaging. 25(6):627-32, 2000
                                                                                              13. Suri S et al: Computed tomography in abdominal tuberculosis. Br J Radiol. 72(853):92-8, 1999
                                                                                              14. Yang ZG et al: Tuberculosis versus lymphomas in the abdominal lymph nodes: evaluation with contrast-enhanced CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 172(3):619-23, 1999