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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Carcinoma
Jaclyn Thiessen, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma (TGDCCa)
              • Synonyms

                • Carcinoma of thyroglossal duct cyst
              • Definitions

                • Malignant tumor arising from remnants of embryologic thyroglossal duct (TGD)
                  • Most often occurs within TGD cyst (TGDC)
                • TGDC containing thyroid carcinoma
                  • Usually papillary carcinoma

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Lancini D et al: Evidence and controversies in management of thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 29(2):113-9, 2021
                                              2. Ozturk K et al: Not a pearl necklace: synchronous papillary carcinoma of thyroglossal duct cyst and thyroid gland. Clin Imaging. 73:111-4, 2021
                                              3. Wood CB et al: Papillary-type carcinoma of the thyroglossal duct cyst: the case for conservative management. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 127(10):710-6, 2018
                                              4. Rayess HM et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma: a systematic review of clinical features and outcomes. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 156(5):794-802, 2017
                                              5. Thompson LD et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinomas: a clinicopathologic series of 22 cases with staging recommendations. Head Neck Pathol. 11(2):175-85, 2017
                                              6. Thompson LD et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinomas in pediatric patients: report of two cases with a comprehensive literature review. Head Neck Pathol. 11(4):442-9, 2017
                                              7. Shah S et al: Squamous cell carcinoma in a thyroglossal duct cyst: a case report with review of the literature. Am J Otolaryngol. 36(3):460-2, 2015
                                              8. Wei S et al: Pathology of thyroglossal duct: an institutional experience. Endocr Pathol. 26(1):75-9, 2015
                                              9. Carter Y et al: Thyroglossal duct remnant carcinoma: beyond the Sistrunk procedure. Surg Oncol. 23(3):161-6, 2014
                                              10. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                              11. Kwon JK et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma arising from a primary thyroglossal duct cyst with cervical node metastases. Thyroid. 22(3):330-1, 2012
                                              12. Forest VI et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma: case series. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 40(2):151-6, 2011
                                              13. Wang CP et al: F-18 FDG uptake in papillary carcinoma arising from thyroglossal duct cyst. Clin Nucl Med. 36(2):141-2, 2011
                                              14. Kermani W et al: Papillary carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst: case report and discussion of management modalities. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 265(2):233-6, 2008
                                              15. Motamed M et al: Thyroglossal duct carcinoma. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 12(2):106-9, 2004
                                              16. Peretz A et al: Thyroglossal duct carcinoma in children: case presentation and review of the literature. Thyroid. 14(9):777-85, 2004
                                              17. Massine RE et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature. Thyroid. 11(12):1191-6, 2001
                                              18. Branstetter BF et al: The CT appearance of thyroglossal duct carcinoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(8):1547-50, 2000
                                              19. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                                          • Abbreviations

                                                            • Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma (TGDCCa)
                                                          • Synonyms

                                                            • Carcinoma of thyroglossal duct cyst
                                                          • Definitions

                                                            • Malignant tumor arising from remnants of embryologic thyroglossal duct (TGD)
                                                              • Most often occurs within TGD cyst (TGDC)
                                                            • TGDC containing thyroid carcinoma
                                                              • Usually papillary carcinoma

                                                          IMAGING

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Lancini D et al: Evidence and controversies in management of thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 29(2):113-9, 2021
                                                                                          2. Ozturk K et al: Not a pearl necklace: synchronous papillary carcinoma of thyroglossal duct cyst and thyroid gland. Clin Imaging. 73:111-4, 2021
                                                                                          3. Wood CB et al: Papillary-type carcinoma of the thyroglossal duct cyst: the case for conservative management. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 127(10):710-6, 2018
                                                                                          4. Rayess HM et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma: a systematic review of clinical features and outcomes. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 156(5):794-802, 2017
                                                                                          5. Thompson LD et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinomas: a clinicopathologic series of 22 cases with staging recommendations. Head Neck Pathol. 11(2):175-85, 2017
                                                                                          6. Thompson LD et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinomas in pediatric patients: report of two cases with a comprehensive literature review. Head Neck Pathol. 11(4):442-9, 2017
                                                                                          7. Shah S et al: Squamous cell carcinoma in a thyroglossal duct cyst: a case report with review of the literature. Am J Otolaryngol. 36(3):460-2, 2015
                                                                                          8. Wei S et al: Pathology of thyroglossal duct: an institutional experience. Endocr Pathol. 26(1):75-9, 2015
                                                                                          9. Carter Y et al: Thyroglossal duct remnant carcinoma: beyond the Sistrunk procedure. Surg Oncol. 23(3):161-6, 2014
                                                                                          10. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                                                                          11. Kwon JK et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma arising from a primary thyroglossal duct cyst with cervical node metastases. Thyroid. 22(3):330-1, 2012
                                                                                          12. Forest VI et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma: case series. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 40(2):151-6, 2011
                                                                                          13. Wang CP et al: F-18 FDG uptake in papillary carcinoma arising from thyroglossal duct cyst. Clin Nucl Med. 36(2):141-2, 2011
                                                                                          14. Kermani W et al: Papillary carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst: case report and discussion of management modalities. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 265(2):233-6, 2008
                                                                                          15. Motamed M et al: Thyroglossal duct carcinoma. Curr Opin Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 12(2):106-9, 2004
                                                                                          16. Peretz A et al: Thyroglossal duct carcinoma in children: case presentation and review of the literature. Thyroid. 14(9):777-85, 2004
                                                                                          17. Massine RE et al: Lingual thyroid carcinoma: a case report and review of the literature. Thyroid. 11(12):1191-6, 2001
                                                                                          18. Branstetter BF et al: The CT appearance of thyroglossal duct carcinoma. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(8):1547-50, 2000
                                                                                          19. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000