link
Bookmarks
Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
Bernadette L. Koch, MD
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology.Try it free - 15 days
0
11
0
8

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
                • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
              • Definitions

                • Remnant of embryologic TGD found between foramen cecum at tongue base & thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Lee E et al: Efficacy of ethanol ablation as a treatment of benign head and neck cystic lesions. Am J Otolaryngol. 42(6):103082, 2021
                                          2. Talmor G et al: Sclerotherapy for benign cystic lesions of the head and neck: systematic review of 474 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1945998211000448, 2021
                                          3. Tokarz E et al: Proposed ultrasound algorithm to differentiate thyroglossal duct and dermoid cysts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 142:110624, 2021
                                          4. Abdel Razek AAK et al: Differentiation of sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst from midline dermoid cyst with diffusion weighted imaging. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 126:109623, 2019
                                          5. Chang KV et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: dynamic ultrasound evaluation and sonoanatomy revisited. Med Ultrason. 21(1):99-100, 2019
                                          6. Devine CM et al: Preoperative ultrasound for the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct cysts: a validation study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 122:89-92, 2019
                                          7. Lekkerkerker I et al: Pediatric thyroglossal duct cysts: post-operative complications. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 124:14-17, 2019
                                          8. Liaw J et al: Primary papillary thyroid cancer of a thyroglossal duct cyst. Ear Nose Throat J. 98(3):136-8, 2019
                                          9. Patel S et al: Thyroglossal duct pathology and mimics. Insights Imaging. 10(1):12, 2019
                                          10. Pitner H et al: Diagnostic accuracy of midline pediatric neck masses. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 160(6):1111-7, 2019
                                          11. Bansal AG et al: US of pediatric superficial masses of the head and neck. Radiographics. 38(4):1239-63, 2018
                                          12. Choi HI et al: Ultrasonographic features differentiating thyroglossal duct cysts from dermoid cysts. Ultrasonography. 37(1):71-77, 2018
                                          13. Quintanilla-Dieck L et al: Congenital neck masses. Clin Perinatol. 45(4):769-85, 2018
                                          14. Yim MT et al: Incidental radiographic findings of thyroglossal duct cysts: prevalence and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 89:13-6, 2016
                                          15. Oyewumi M et al: Ultrasound to differentiate thyroglossal duct cysts and dermoid cysts in children. Laryngoscope. 125(4):998-1003, 2015
                                          16. Tahir A et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma in child†. J Surg Case Rep. 2015(4), 2015
                                          17. Geller KA et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst and sinuses: a 20-year Los Angeles experience and lessons learned. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 78(2):264-7, 2014
                                          18. Rohof D et al: Recurrences after thyroglossal duct cyst surgery: results in 207 consecutive cases and review of the literature. Head Neck. ;37(12):1699-704, 2014
                                          19. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                          20. Sameer KS et al: Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts--a review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 76(2):165-8, 2012
                                          21. Burkart CM et al: Update on endoscopic management of lingual thyroglossal duct cysts. Laryngoscope. 119(10):2055-60, 2009
                                          22. Hirshoren N et al: The imperative of the Sistrunk operation: review of 160 thyroglossal tract remnant operations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(3):338-42, 2009
                                          23. Lin ST et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: a comparison between children and adults. Am J Otolaryngol. 29(2):83-7, 2008
                                          24. Falvo L et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroglossal duct cyst: case reports and literature review. Int Surg. 91(3):141-6, 2006
                                          25. Diaz MC et al: A thyroglossal duct cyst causing apnea and cyanosis in a neonate. Pediatr Emerg Care. 21(1):35-7, 2005
                                          26. Koch BL: Cystic malformations of the neck in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(5):463-77, 2005
                                          27. Marianowski R et al: Risk factors for thyroglossal duct remnants after Sistrunk procedure in a pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(1):19-23, 2003
                                          28. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                          29. Wadsworth DT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: variability of sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1475-7, 1994
                                          30. Pelausa ME et al: Sistrunk revisited: a 10-year review of revision thyroglossal duct surgery at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. J Otolaryngol. 18(7):325-33, 1989
                                          31. LaRouere MJ et al: Evaluation and management of a carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst. Am J Otolaryngol. 8(6):351-5, 1987
                                          32. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985
                                          Related Anatomy
                                          Loading...
                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
                                          Loading...
                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
                                                        • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Remnant of embryologic TGD found between foramen cecum at tongue base & thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Lee E et al: Efficacy of ethanol ablation as a treatment of benign head and neck cystic lesions. Am J Otolaryngol. 42(6):103082, 2021
                                                                                  2. Talmor G et al: Sclerotherapy for benign cystic lesions of the head and neck: systematic review of 474 cases. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1945998211000448, 2021
                                                                                  3. Tokarz E et al: Proposed ultrasound algorithm to differentiate thyroglossal duct and dermoid cysts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 142:110624, 2021
                                                                                  4. Abdel Razek AAK et al: Differentiation of sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst from midline dermoid cyst with diffusion weighted imaging. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 126:109623, 2019
                                                                                  5. Chang KV et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: dynamic ultrasound evaluation and sonoanatomy revisited. Med Ultrason. 21(1):99-100, 2019
                                                                                  6. Devine CM et al: Preoperative ultrasound for the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct cysts: a validation study. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 122:89-92, 2019
                                                                                  7. Lekkerkerker I et al: Pediatric thyroglossal duct cysts: post-operative complications. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 124:14-17, 2019
                                                                                  8. Liaw J et al: Primary papillary thyroid cancer of a thyroglossal duct cyst. Ear Nose Throat J. 98(3):136-8, 2019
                                                                                  9. Patel S et al: Thyroglossal duct pathology and mimics. Insights Imaging. 10(1):12, 2019
                                                                                  10. Pitner H et al: Diagnostic accuracy of midline pediatric neck masses. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 160(6):1111-7, 2019
                                                                                  11. Bansal AG et al: US of pediatric superficial masses of the head and neck. Radiographics. 38(4):1239-63, 2018
                                                                                  12. Choi HI et al: Ultrasonographic features differentiating thyroglossal duct cysts from dermoid cysts. Ultrasonography. 37(1):71-77, 2018
                                                                                  13. Quintanilla-Dieck L et al: Congenital neck masses. Clin Perinatol. 45(4):769-85, 2018
                                                                                  14. Yim MT et al: Incidental radiographic findings of thyroglossal duct cysts: prevalence and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 89:13-6, 2016
                                                                                  15. Oyewumi M et al: Ultrasound to differentiate thyroglossal duct cysts and dermoid cysts in children. Laryngoscope. 125(4):998-1003, 2015
                                                                                  16. Tahir A et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma in child†. J Surg Case Rep. 2015(4), 2015
                                                                                  17. Geller KA et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst and sinuses: a 20-year Los Angeles experience and lessons learned. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 78(2):264-7, 2014
                                                                                  18. Rohof D et al: Recurrences after thyroglossal duct cyst surgery: results in 207 consecutive cases and review of the literature. Head Neck. ;37(12):1699-704, 2014
                                                                                  19. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                                                                  20. Sameer KS et al: Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts--a review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 76(2):165-8, 2012
                                                                                  21. Burkart CM et al: Update on endoscopic management of lingual thyroglossal duct cysts. Laryngoscope. 119(10):2055-60, 2009
                                                                                  22. Hirshoren N et al: The imperative of the Sistrunk operation: review of 160 thyroglossal tract remnant operations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(3):338-42, 2009
                                                                                  23. Lin ST et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: a comparison between children and adults. Am J Otolaryngol. 29(2):83-7, 2008
                                                                                  24. Falvo L et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroglossal duct cyst: case reports and literature review. Int Surg. 91(3):141-6, 2006
                                                                                  25. Diaz MC et al: A thyroglossal duct cyst causing apnea and cyanosis in a neonate. Pediatr Emerg Care. 21(1):35-7, 2005
                                                                                  26. Koch BL: Cystic malformations of the neck in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(5):463-77, 2005
                                                                                  27. Marianowski R et al: Risk factors for thyroglossal duct remnants after Sistrunk procedure in a pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(1):19-23, 2003
                                                                                  28. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                                                                  29. Wadsworth DT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: variability of sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1475-7, 1994
                                                                                  30. Pelausa ME et al: Sistrunk revisited: a 10-year review of revision thyroglossal duct surgery at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. J Otolaryngol. 18(7):325-33, 1989
                                                                                  31. LaRouere MJ et al: Evaluation and management of a carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst. Am J Otolaryngol. 8(6):351-5, 1987
                                                                                  32. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985