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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
Bernadette L. Koch, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Synonyms

                • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
                • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
              • Definitions

                • Remnant of embryologic TGD found between foramen cecum at tongue base and thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                              • Microscopic Features

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Yim MT et al: Incidental radiographic findings of thyroglossal duct cysts: prevalence and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 89:13-6, 2016
                                          2. Oyewumi M et al: Ultrasound to differentiate thyroglossal duct cysts and dermoid cysts in children. Laryngoscope. 125(4):998-1003, 2015
                                          3. Tahir A et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma in child†. J Surg Case Rep. 2015(4), 2015
                                          4. Geller KA et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst and sinuses: a 20-year Los Angeles experience and lessons learned. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 78(2):264-7, 2014
                                          5. Rohof D et al: Recurrences after thyroglossal duct cyst surgery: results in 207 consecutive cases and review of the literature. Head Neck. ;37(12):1699-704, 2014
                                          6. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                          7. Sameer KS et al: Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts--a review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 76(2):165-8, 2012
                                          8. Burkart CM et al: Update on endoscopic management of lingual thyroglossal duct cysts. Laryngoscope. 119(10):2055-60, 2009
                                          9. Hirshoren N et al: The imperative of the Sistrunk operation: review of 160 thyroglossal tract remnant operations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(3):338-42, 2009
                                          10. Lin ST et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: a comparison between children and adults. Am J Otolaryngol. 29(2):83-7, 2008
                                          11. Falvo L et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroglossal duct cyst: case reports and literature review. Int Surg. 91(3):141-6, 2006
                                          12. Prasad KC et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: an unusual presentation. Ear Nose Throat J. 85(7):454-6, 2006
                                          13. Diaz MC et al: A thyroglossal duct cyst causing apnea and cyanosis in a neonate. Pediatr Emerg Care. 21(1):35-7, 2005
                                          14. Koch BL: Cystic malformations of the neck in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(5):463-77, 2005
                                          15. Marianowski R et al: Risk factors for thyroglossal duct remnants after Sistrunk procedure in a pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(1):19-23, 2003
                                          16. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                          17. Ewing CA et al: Presentations of thyroglossal duct cysts in adults. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 256(3):136-8, 1999
                                          18. Wadsworth DT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: variability of sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1475-7, 1994
                                          19. Pelausa ME et al: Sistrunk revisited: a 10-year review of revision thyroglossal duct surgery at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. J Otolaryngol. 18(7):325-33, 1989
                                          20. LaRouere MJ et al: Evaluation and management of a carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst. Am J Otolaryngol. 8(6):351-5, 1987
                                          21. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                                      • Synonyms

                                                        • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
                                                        • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
                                                      • Definitions

                                                        • Remnant of embryologic TGD found between foramen cecum at tongue base and thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

                                                      IMAGING

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                                  • General Features

                                                                    • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Yim MT et al: Incidental radiographic findings of thyroglossal duct cysts: prevalence and management. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 89:13-6, 2016
                                                                                  2. Oyewumi M et al: Ultrasound to differentiate thyroglossal duct cysts and dermoid cysts in children. Laryngoscope. 125(4):998-1003, 2015
                                                                                  3. Tahir A et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst carcinoma in child†. J Surg Case Rep. 2015(4), 2015
                                                                                  4. Geller KA et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst and sinuses: a 20-year Los Angeles experience and lessons learned. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 78(2):264-7, 2014
                                                                                  5. Rohof D et al: Recurrences after thyroglossal duct cyst surgery: results in 207 consecutive cases and review of the literature. Head Neck. ;37(12):1699-704, 2014
                                                                                  6. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                                                                  7. Sameer KS et al: Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts--a review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 76(2):165-8, 2012
                                                                                  8. Burkart CM et al: Update on endoscopic management of lingual thyroglossal duct cysts. Laryngoscope. 119(10):2055-60, 2009
                                                                                  9. Hirshoren N et al: The imperative of the Sistrunk operation: review of 160 thyroglossal tract remnant operations. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 140(3):338-42, 2009
                                                                                  10. Lin ST et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: a comparison between children and adults. Am J Otolaryngol. 29(2):83-7, 2008
                                                                                  11. Falvo L et al: Papillary thyroid carcinoma in thyroglossal duct cyst: case reports and literature review. Int Surg. 91(3):141-6, 2006
                                                                                  12. Prasad KC et al: Thyroglossal duct cyst: an unusual presentation. Ear Nose Throat J. 85(7):454-6, 2006
                                                                                  13. Diaz MC et al: A thyroglossal duct cyst causing apnea and cyanosis in a neonate. Pediatr Emerg Care. 21(1):35-7, 2005
                                                                                  14. Koch BL: Cystic malformations of the neck in children. Pediatr Radiol. 35(5):463-77, 2005
                                                                                  15. Marianowski R et al: Risk factors for thyroglossal duct remnants after Sistrunk procedure in a pediatric population. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 67(1):19-23, 2003
                                                                                  16. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                                                                  17. Ewing CA et al: Presentations of thyroglossal duct cysts in adults. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 256(3):136-8, 1999
                                                                                  18. Wadsworth DT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: variability of sonographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 163(6):1475-7, 1994
                                                                                  19. Pelausa ME et al: Sistrunk revisited: a 10-year review of revision thyroglossal duct surgery at Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. J Otolaryngol. 18(7):325-33, 1989
                                                                                  20. LaRouere MJ et al: Evaluation and management of a carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst. Am J Otolaryngol. 8(6):351-5, 1987
                                                                                  21. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985