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Thyroglossal Duct Cyst
Eunice Y. L. Dai, MBBS, FRCR; H. Y. Yuen, MBChB, FRCR; Anil T. Ahuja, MD, FRCR
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Clinical Issues

        • Diagnostic Checklist

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
          • Synonyms

            • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
          • Definitions

            • Remnant of TGD found between foramen cecum of tongue base & thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Hong HS et al: Ultrasonography of various thyroid diseases in children and adolescents: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol. 16(2):419-29, 2015
                                      2. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                      3. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. New York: Springer. 229-262, 2012
                                      4. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys Publishing Inc. IV-1-22-25, 2004
                                      5. Ahuja AT et al: Sonographic evaluation of thyroglossal duct cysts in children. Clin Radiol. 55(10):770-4, 2000
                                      6. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                      7. Ahuja AT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: sonographic appearances in adults. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(4):579-82, 1999
                                      8. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            • Diagnostic Checklist

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Thyroglossal duct (TGD) remnant
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Remnant of TGD found between foramen cecum of tongue base & thyroid bed in infrahyoid neck

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Imaging Recommendations

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Hong HS et al: Ultrasonography of various thyroid diseases in children and adolescents: a pictorial essay. Korean J Radiol. 16(2):419-29, 2015
                                                                          2. Zander DA et al: Imaging of ectopic thyroid tissue and thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiographics. 34(1):37-50, 2014
                                                                          3. Sofferman RA et al: Ultrasound of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands. New York: Springer. 229-262, 2012
                                                                          4. Harnsberger HR et al: Diagnostic Imaging Head & Neck. Salt Lake City: Amirsys Publishing Inc. IV-1-22-25, 2004
                                                                          5. Ahuja AT et al: Sonographic evaluation of thyroglossal duct cysts in children. Clin Radiol. 55(10):770-4, 2000
                                                                          6. Glastonbury CM et al: The CT and MR imaging features of carcinoma arising in thyroglossal duct remnants. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 21(4):770-4, 2000
                                                                          7. Ahuja AT et al: Thyroglossal duct cysts: sonographic appearances in adults. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(4):579-82, 1999
                                                                          8. Reede DL et al: CT of thyroglossal duct cysts. Radiology. 157(1):121-5, 1985