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TMJ Bony Ankylosis
C. Grace Petrikowski, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C)
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Joint immobility characterized by formation of osseous or fibroosseous mass fused to skull
              • Unilateral or bilateral

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • Imaging Recommendations

                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                  PATHOLOGY

                  • General Features

                    • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                      • Presentation

                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                          • Treatment

                            Selected References

                            1. Anyanechi CE: Temporomandibular joint ankylosis caused by condylar fractures: a retrospective analysis of cases at an urban teaching hospital in Nigeria. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 44(8):1027-33, 2015
                            2. Song JY et al: Severe bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint on one side and contralateral adhesion: A case report. Imaging Sci Dent. 45(2):103-8, 2015
                            3. Vijay P et al: Unilateral ankylosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with contralateral condylar aplasia and related orthopedic deformity - syndromic or nonsyndromic? J Clin Diagn Res. 9(1):ZD34-6, 2015
                            4. Zheng JS et al: Correlation between the disc status in MRI and the different types of traumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 44(4):20140201, 2015
                            5. Nagori SA et al: Undiagnosed mandibular condylar fractures causing temporomandibular joint ankylosis: A problem in northern India. Natl Med J India. 27(5):251-5, 2014
                            6. Arakeri G et al: Pathogenesis of post-traumatic ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint: a critical review. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2010
                            7. Rehman TA et al: Bifid mandibular condyle with associated temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a computed tomography study of the patterns and morphological variations. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 38(4):239-44, 2009
                            8. Güven O: A clinical study on temporomandibular joint ankylosis in children. J Craniofac Surg. 19(5):1263-9, 2008
                            9. Casanova MS et al: Computed tomography of the TMJ in diagnosis of ankylosis: two case reports. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 11(5):E413-6, 2006
                            10. Ferretti C et al: Temporomandibular joint morphology following post-traumatic ankylosis in 26 patients. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(4):376-81, 2005
                            11. Gil-da-Silva-Lopes VL et al: Congenital temporomandibular joint ankylosis: clinical characterization and natural history of four unrelated affected individuals. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 42(6):694-8, 2005
                            12. El-Hakim IE et al: Imaging of temporomandibular joint ankylosis. A new radiographic classification. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 31(1):19-23, 2002
                            Related Anatomy
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                            Related Differential Diagnoses
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                            References
                            Tables

                            Tables

                            KEY FACTS

                            • Terminology

                              • Imaging

                                • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                  • Clinical Issues

                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                    • Definitions

                                      • Joint immobility characterized by formation of osseous or fibroosseous mass fused to skull
                                        • Unilateral or bilateral

                                    IMAGING

                                    • General Features

                                      • CT Findings

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            PATHOLOGY

                                            • General Features

                                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                • Presentation

                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                    • Treatment

                                                      Selected References

                                                      1. Anyanechi CE: Temporomandibular joint ankylosis caused by condylar fractures: a retrospective analysis of cases at an urban teaching hospital in Nigeria. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 44(8):1027-33, 2015
                                                      2. Song JY et al: Severe bony ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint on one side and contralateral adhesion: A case report. Imaging Sci Dent. 45(2):103-8, 2015
                                                      3. Vijay P et al: Unilateral ankylosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with contralateral condylar aplasia and related orthopedic deformity - syndromic or nonsyndromic? J Clin Diagn Res. 9(1):ZD34-6, 2015
                                                      4. Zheng JS et al: Correlation between the disc status in MRI and the different types of traumatic temporomandibular joint ankylosis. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 44(4):20140201, 2015
                                                      5. Nagori SA et al: Undiagnosed mandibular condylar fractures causing temporomandibular joint ankylosis: A problem in northern India. Natl Med J India. 27(5):251-5, 2014
                                                      6. Arakeri G et al: Pathogenesis of post-traumatic ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint: a critical review. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. Epub ahead of print, 2010
                                                      7. Rehman TA et al: Bifid mandibular condyle with associated temporomandibular joint ankylosis: a computed tomography study of the patterns and morphological variations. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 38(4):239-44, 2009
                                                      8. Güven O: A clinical study on temporomandibular joint ankylosis in children. J Craniofac Surg. 19(5):1263-9, 2008
                                                      9. Casanova MS et al: Computed tomography of the TMJ in diagnosis of ankylosis: two case reports. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 11(5):E413-6, 2006
                                                      10. Ferretti C et al: Temporomandibular joint morphology following post-traumatic ankylosis in 26 patients. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(4):376-81, 2005
                                                      11. Gil-da-Silva-Lopes VL et al: Congenital temporomandibular joint ankylosis: clinical characterization and natural history of four unrelated affected individuals. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 42(6):694-8, 2005
                                                      12. El-Hakim IE et al: Imaging of temporomandibular joint ankylosis. A new radiographic classification. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 31(1):19-23, 2002