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TMJ Fractures
David Hatcher, DDS, MSc; C. Grace Petrikowski, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C)
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Definitions

                • Usually occurs at condylar neck and often accompanied by dislocation of condyle

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • Radiographic Findings

                  • CT Findings

                    • MR Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Consider

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Nabil Y: Evaluation of the effect of different mandibular fractures on the temporomandibular joint using magnetic resonance imaging: five years of follow-up. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 45(11):1495-1499, 2016
                                        2. Smith DM et al: 215 mandible fractures in 120 children: demographics, treatment, outcomes, and early growth data. Plast Reconstr Surg. 131(6):1348-58, 2013
                                        3. Cenzi R et al: Mandibular condyle fractures: evaluation of the Strasbourg Osteosynthesis Research Group classification. J Craniofac Surg. 20(1):24-8, 2009
                                        4. Napolitano G et al: Multidetector row computed tomography with multiplanar and 3D images in the evaluation of posttreatment mandibular fractures. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 30(3):181-7, 2009
                                        5. De Souza M et al: Posttraumatic mandibular deformities. J Craniofac Surg. 18(4):912-6, 2007
                                        6. Choi J et al: A follow-up study of condyle fracture in children. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(8):851-8, 2005
                                        7. Costa e Silva AP et al: Interpretation of mandibular condyle fractures using 2D- and 3D-computed tomography. Braz Dent J. 14(3):203-8, 2003
                                        8. Thorén H et al: Condylar process fractures in children: a follow-up study of fractures with total dislocation of the condyle from the glenoid fossa. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 59(7):768-73; discussion 773-4, 2001
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Usually occurs at condylar neck and often accompanied by dislocation of condyle

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Imaging Recommendations

                                                              DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                PATHOLOGY

                                                                • General Features

                                                                  • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Consider

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Nabil Y: Evaluation of the effect of different mandibular fractures on the temporomandibular joint using magnetic resonance imaging: five years of follow-up. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 45(11):1495-1499, 2016
                                                                              2. Smith DM et al: 215 mandible fractures in 120 children: demographics, treatment, outcomes, and early growth data. Plast Reconstr Surg. 131(6):1348-58, 2013
                                                                              3. Cenzi R et al: Mandibular condyle fractures: evaluation of the Strasbourg Osteosynthesis Research Group classification. J Craniofac Surg. 20(1):24-8, 2009
                                                                              4. Napolitano G et al: Multidetector row computed tomography with multiplanar and 3D images in the evaluation of posttreatment mandibular fractures. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 30(3):181-7, 2009
                                                                              5. De Souza M et al: Posttraumatic mandibular deformities. J Craniofac Surg. 18(4):912-6, 2007
                                                                              6. Choi J et al: A follow-up study of condyle fracture in children. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 34(8):851-8, 2005
                                                                              7. Costa e Silva AP et al: Interpretation of mandibular condyle fractures using 2D- and 3D-computed tomography. Braz Dent J. 14(3):203-8, 2003
                                                                              8. Thorén H et al: Condylar process fractures in children: a follow-up study of fractures with total dislocation of the condyle from the glenoid fossa. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 59(7):768-73; discussion 773-4, 2001