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TMJ Simple (Traumatic) Bone Cyst
C. Grace Petrikowski, DDS, MSc, FRCD(C); Lisa J. Koenig, BChD, DDS, MS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Simple bone cyst (SBC)
            • Synonyms

              • Solitary bone cyst, traumatic bone cyst, hemorrhagic bone cyst, idiopathic bone cavity, extravasation cyst, unicameral bone cyst
            • Definitions

              • Solitary, empty, or partially empty bony cavity
                • "Cyst" designation misnomer; lacks epithelial lining

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Kim KA et al: Recurrent simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle: a case report. Imaging Sci Dent. 43(1):49-53, 2013
                                      2. Saia G et al: Intraoral endoscopic enucleation of a solitary bone cyst of the mandibular condyle. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 41(3):317-20, 2012
                                      3. Magliocca KR et al: Traumatic bone cyst of the condylar region: report of 2 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65(6):1247-50, 2007
                                      4. Hudson JW et al: Condylar lesion. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 61(7):824-6, 2003
                                      5. Minowa K et al: Evaluation of static bone cavities with CT and MRI. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 32(1):2-7, 2003
                                      6. Matsumura S et al: Histopathologic and radiographic findings of the simple bone cyst. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 85(5):619-25, 1998
                                      7. Tanaka H et al: Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle: report a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 54(12):1454-8, 1996
                                      8. Rubin MM et al: Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 47(10):1096-8, 1989
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Abbreviations

                                                  • Simple bone cyst (SBC)
                                                • Synonyms

                                                  • Solitary bone cyst, traumatic bone cyst, hemorrhagic bone cyst, idiopathic bone cavity, extravasation cyst, unicameral bone cyst
                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Solitary, empty, or partially empty bony cavity
                                                    • "Cyst" designation misnomer; lacks epithelial lining

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    • CT Findings

                                                      • MR Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              • Microscopic Features

                                                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                • Presentation

                                                                  • Demographics

                                                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                      • Treatment

                                                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                        • Consider

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Kim KA et al: Recurrent simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle: a case report. Imaging Sci Dent. 43(1):49-53, 2013
                                                                          2. Saia G et al: Intraoral endoscopic enucleation of a solitary bone cyst of the mandibular condyle. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 41(3):317-20, 2012
                                                                          3. Magliocca KR et al: Traumatic bone cyst of the condylar region: report of 2 cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 65(6):1247-50, 2007
                                                                          4. Hudson JW et al: Condylar lesion. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 61(7):824-6, 2003
                                                                          5. Minowa K et al: Evaluation of static bone cavities with CT and MRI. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 32(1):2-7, 2003
                                                                          6. Matsumura S et al: Histopathologic and radiographic findings of the simple bone cyst. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 85(5):619-25, 1998
                                                                          7. Tanaka H et al: Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle: report a case. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 54(12):1454-8, 1996
                                                                          8. Rubin MM et al: Simple bone cyst of the mandibular condyle. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 47(10):1096-8, 1989