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TMJ Synovial Chondromatosis
Bronwyn E. Hamilton, MD; Kristine M. Mosier, DMD, PhD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Synovial metaplasia with formation of foci of hyaline cartilage
            • Synonyms

              • Reichel syndrome

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Agaram NP et al: A molecular study of synovial chondromatosis. Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 59(3):144-51, 2020
                                    2. Gross AJ et al: A multidisciplinary approach to synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with cranial base involvement: a brief review of the literature and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 78(10):1759-65, 2020
                                    3. Nath P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 19(2):230-4, 2020
                                    4. Nishiyama M et al: Computed tomographic features of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with a few small calcified loose bodies. Oral Radiol. 37(2):236-44, 2020
                                    5. Padhan P et al: Synovial chondromatosis. N Engl J Med. 381(14):1364, 2019
                                    6. Tang B et al: Radiological features of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint: report of three cases. Oral Radiol. 35(2):198-204, 2019
                                    7. Han ZX et al: Recurrent synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report of two cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 55(9):965-7, 2017
                                    8. Khanna JN et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with intracranial extension-report of two cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 46(12):1579-83, 2017
                                    9. Kim DH et al: Temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis extending to the temporal bone: a report of two cases. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 43(5):336-42, 2017
                                    10. Pappot TW et al: Unusual extensive synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 28(2):e172-3, 2017
                                    11. Liu X et al: Clinical and imaging findings of temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis: an analysis of 10 cases and literature review. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(11):2159-68, 2016
                                    12. Morales H et al: Imaging approach to temporomandibular joint disorders. Clin Neuroradiol.26(1):5-22, 2015
                                    13. Li Y et al: Fibroblast growth factor 2 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 43(5):388-94, 2014
                                    14. Peyrot H et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: CT and MRI findings. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(6):613-4, 2014
                                    15. Coleman H et al: Synovial chondrosarcoma arising in synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Head Neck Pathol. 7(3):304-9, 2013
                                    16. Wang P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: MRI findings with pathological comparison. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 41(2):110-6, 2012
                                    17. Testaverde L et al: CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: our experience and review of literature. Eur J Radiol. 78(3):414-8, 2011
                                    18. Boffano P et al: Diagnosis and surgical management of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 21(1):157-9, 2010
                                    19. Meng J et al: Clinical and radiologic findings of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 109(3):441-8, 2010
                                    20. Murphey MD et al: Imaging of synovial chondromatosis with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 27(5):1465-88, 2007
                                    21. Ardekian L et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report and analysis of eleven cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 63(7):941-7, 2005
                                    22. Wu CW et al: Primary synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Otolaryngol. 33(2):114-9, 2004
                                    23. Holmlund AB et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, surgical and histological aspects. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 32(2):143-7, 2003
                                    24. von Lindern JJ et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, diagnostic, and histomorphologic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 94(1):31-8, 2002
                                    25. Koyama J et al: Synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint complicated by displacement and calcification of the articular disk: report of two cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(6):1203-6, 2001
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Synovial metaplasia with formation of foci of hyaline cartilage
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Reichel syndrome

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Agaram NP et al: A molecular study of synovial chondromatosis. Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 59(3):144-51, 2020
                                                                      2. Gross AJ et al: A multidisciplinary approach to synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with cranial base involvement: a brief review of the literature and case report. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 78(10):1759-65, 2020
                                                                      3. Nath P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Maxillofac Oral Surg. 19(2):230-4, 2020
                                                                      4. Nishiyama M et al: Computed tomographic features of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with a few small calcified loose bodies. Oral Radiol. 37(2):236-44, 2020
                                                                      5. Padhan P et al: Synovial chondromatosis. N Engl J Med. 381(14):1364, 2019
                                                                      6. Tang B et al: Radiological features of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint: report of three cases. Oral Radiol. 35(2):198-204, 2019
                                                                      7. Han ZX et al: Recurrent synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report of two cases. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 55(9):965-7, 2017
                                                                      8. Khanna JN et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint with intracranial extension-report of two cases. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 46(12):1579-83, 2017
                                                                      9. Kim DH et al: Temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis extending to the temporal bone: a report of two cases. J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 43(5):336-42, 2017
                                                                      10. Pappot TW et al: Unusual extensive synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 28(2):e172-3, 2017
                                                                      11. Liu X et al: Clinical and imaging findings of temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis: an analysis of 10 cases and literature review. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(11):2159-68, 2016
                                                                      12. Morales H et al: Imaging approach to temporomandibular joint disorders. Clin Neuroradiol.26(1):5-22, 2015
                                                                      13. Li Y et al: Fibroblast growth factor 2 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 43(5):388-94, 2014
                                                                      14. Peyrot H et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: CT and MRI findings. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(6):613-4, 2014
                                                                      15. Coleman H et al: Synovial chondrosarcoma arising in synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Head Neck Pathol. 7(3):304-9, 2013
                                                                      16. Wang P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: MRI findings with pathological comparison. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 41(2):110-6, 2012
                                                                      17. Testaverde L et al: CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: our experience and review of literature. Eur J Radiol. 78(3):414-8, 2011
                                                                      18. Boffano P et al: Diagnosis and surgical management of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 21(1):157-9, 2010
                                                                      19. Meng J et al: Clinical and radiologic findings of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 109(3):441-8, 2010
                                                                      20. Murphey MD et al: Imaging of synovial chondromatosis with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 27(5):1465-88, 2007
                                                                      21. Ardekian L et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report and analysis of eleven cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 63(7):941-7, 2005
                                                                      22. Wu CW et al: Primary synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Otolaryngol. 33(2):114-9, 2004
                                                                      23. Holmlund AB et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, surgical and histological aspects. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 32(2):143-7, 2003
                                                                      24. von Lindern JJ et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, diagnostic, and histomorphologic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 94(1):31-8, 2002
                                                                      25. Koyama J et al: Synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint complicated by displacement and calcification of the articular disk: report of two cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(6):1203-6, 2001