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TMJ Synovial Chondromatosis
Kristine M. Mosier, DMD, PhD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Reichel syndrome
            • Definitions

              • Synovial metaplasia with formation of foci of hyaline cartilage

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Peyrot H et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: CT and MRI findings. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(6):613-4, 2014
                                    2. Meng J et al: Clinical and radiologic findings of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 109(3):441-8, 2010
                                    3. Wang P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: MRI findings with pathological comparison. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 41(2):110-6, 2012
                                    4. Testaverde L et al: CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: Our experience and review of literature. Eur J Radiol. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                    5. Murphey MD et al: Imaging of synovial chondromatosis with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 27(5):1465-88, 2007
                                    6. von Lindern JJ et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, diagnostic, and histomorphologic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 94(1):31-8, 2002
                                    7. Ardekian L et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report and analysis of eleven cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 63(7):941-7, 2005
                                    8. Wu CW et al: Primary synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Otolaryngol. 33(2):114-9, 2004
                                    9. Boffano P et al: Diagnosis and surgical management of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 21(1):157-9, 2010
                                    10. Holmlund AB et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, surgical and histological aspects. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 32(2):143-7, 2003
                                    11. Koyama J et al: Synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint complicated by displacement and calcification of the articular disk: report of two cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(6):1203-6, 2001
                                    12. Li Y et al: Transforming growth factor beta 3 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. Sci Rep. 5:8843, 2015
                                    13. Li Y et al: Fibroblast growth factor 2 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 43(5):388-94, 2014
                                    14. Coleman H et al: Synovial chondrosarcoma arising in synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Head Neck Pathol. 7(3):304-9, 2013
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Reichel syndrome
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Synovial metaplasia with formation of foci of hyaline cartilage

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Peyrot H et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: CT and MRI findings. Diagn Interv Imaging. 95(6):613-4, 2014
                                                                      2. Meng J et al: Clinical and radiologic findings of synovial chondromatosis affecting the temporomandibular joint. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 109(3):441-8, 2010
                                                                      3. Wang P et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: MRI findings with pathological comparison. Dentomaxillofac Radiol. 41(2):110-6, 2012
                                                                      4. Testaverde L et al: CT and MR findings in synovial chondromatosis of the temporo-mandibular joint: Our experience and review of literature. Eur J Radiol. Epub ahead of print, 2009
                                                                      5. Murphey MD et al: Imaging of synovial chondromatosis with radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 27(5):1465-88, 2007
                                                                      6. von Lindern JJ et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, diagnostic, and histomorphologic findings. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 94(1):31-8, 2002
                                                                      7. Ardekian L et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: report and analysis of eleven cases. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 63(7):941-7, 2005
                                                                      8. Wu CW et al: Primary synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Otolaryngol. 33(2):114-9, 2004
                                                                      9. Boffano P et al: Diagnosis and surgical management of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. J Craniofac Surg. 21(1):157-9, 2010
                                                                      10. Holmlund AB et al: Synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint: clinical, surgical and histological aspects. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 32(2):143-7, 2003
                                                                      11. Koyama J et al: Synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint complicated by displacement and calcification of the articular disk: report of two cases. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 22(6):1203-6, 2001
                                                                      12. Li Y et al: Transforming growth factor beta 3 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. Sci Rep. 5:8843, 2015
                                                                      13. Li Y et al: Fibroblast growth factor 2 involved in the pathogenesis of synovial chondromatosis of temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 43(5):388-94, 2014
                                                                      14. Coleman H et al: Synovial chondrosarcoma arising in synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint. Head Neck Pathol. 7(3):304-9, 2013