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TMJ Synovial Cyst
David Hatcher, DDS, MSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Fluid-filled cysts, which have synovial membrane, caused by herniation of TMJ capsule into surrounding soft tissues

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Levarek RE et al: Temporomandibular joint ganglion cyst: a unique case of complete resolution following subtotal excision. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(9):1783-91, 2016
                                2. Partridge JC et al: Periarticular cysts of the temporomandibular joint are more frequently synovial than ganglion. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(7):1396-402, 2016
                                3. LaBan MM et al: "Numb chin" syndrome: mental nerve mononeuropathy resulting from a synovial temporomandibular cyst. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 94(7):e65, 2015
                                4. Steen MW et al: Ganglion and synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint: a case report and literature review. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 3(9):e524, 2015
                                5. Spinzia A et al: Synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint: a case report and literature review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 40(8): 874-7 2011
                                6. Ali ZA et al: Unusual presentation of a ganglion cyst of the temporomandibular joint: case report and distinction from synovial cyst. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(8):1300-2, 2006
                                7. Kim SG et al: Ganglion cyst of the temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 32(5):310-3, 2003
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                      • Pathology

                                        • Clinical Issues

                                          TERMINOLOGY

                                          • Definitions

                                            • Fluid-filled cysts, which have synovial membrane, caused by herniation of TMJ capsule into surrounding soft tissues

                                          IMAGING

                                          • General Features

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • MR Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Microscopic Features

                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                        • Presentation

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Levarek RE et al: Temporomandibular joint ganglion cyst: a unique case of complete resolution following subtotal excision. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(9):1783-91, 2016
                                                              2. Partridge JC et al: Periarticular cysts of the temporomandibular joint are more frequently synovial than ganglion. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 74(7):1396-402, 2016
                                                              3. LaBan MM et al: "Numb chin" syndrome: mental nerve mononeuropathy resulting from a synovial temporomandibular cyst. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 94(7):e65, 2015
                                                              4. Steen MW et al: Ganglion and synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint: a case report and literature review. Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open. 3(9):e524, 2015
                                                              5. Spinzia A et al: Synovial cyst of the temporomandibular joint: a case report and literature review. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 40(8): 874-7 2011
                                                              6. Ali ZA et al: Unusual presentation of a ganglion cyst of the temporomandibular joint: case report and distinction from synovial cyst. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 64(8):1300-2, 2006
                                                              7. Kim SG et al: Ganglion cyst of the temporomandibular joint. J Oral Pathol Med. 32(5):310-3, 2003