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Transcranial Doppler
Stella Sin Yee Ho, RDMS, RVT, PhD; Deyond Y. W. Siu, MBChB, FRCR; Paula J. Woodward, MD
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TERMINOLOGY

  • Abbreviations

    • Carotid arteries
      • Common carotid (CCA); internal carotid (ICA)
    • Cerebral arteries
      • Anterior (ACA); middle (MCA); posterior (PCA)
    • Communicating arteries
      • Anterior (ACoA); posterior (PCoA)
    • Posterior fossa vertebrobasilar arteries
      • Vertebral (VA); basilar (BA); posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA); anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA); superior cerebellar artery (SCA)
    • Sinuses
      • Superior sagittal (SSS); sphenoparietal (SPS); straight (SS); transverse (TS); cavernous (CS)
    • Cerebral veins
      • Basal vein of Rosenthal (BV); internal cerebral (ICV); great vein of Galen (GV); deep middle cerebral (dMCV); anterior cerebral (ACV)

GROSS ANATOMY

  • Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery

    • Anterior Cerebral Artery

      • Middle Cerebral Artery

        • Posterior Cerebral Artery

          • Vertebrobasilar System

            • Intracranial Veins

              ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

              • Imaging Recommendations

                • Transtemporal Approach (Most Common Approach)

                  • Transfrontal Approach

                    • Transforaminal/Suboccipital Approach

                      • Transorbital Approach

                        • Submandibular Approach

                          • Imaging Pitfalls

                            CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                            • Clinical Importance

                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              TERMINOLOGY

                              • Abbreviations

                                • Carotid arteries
                                  • Common carotid (CCA); internal carotid (ICA)
                                • Cerebral arteries
                                  • Anterior (ACA); middle (MCA); posterior (PCA)
                                • Communicating arteries
                                  • Anterior (ACoA); posterior (PCoA)
                                • Posterior fossa vertebrobasilar arteries
                                  • Vertebral (VA); basilar (BA); posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA); anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA); superior cerebellar artery (SCA)
                                • Sinuses
                                  • Superior sagittal (SSS); sphenoparietal (SPS); straight (SS); transverse (TS); cavernous (CS)
                                • Cerebral veins
                                  • Basal vein of Rosenthal (BV); internal cerebral (ICV); great vein of Galen (GV); deep middle cerebral (dMCV); anterior cerebral (ACV)

                              GROSS ANATOMY

                              • Intracranial Internal Carotid Artery

                                • Anterior Cerebral Artery

                                  • Middle Cerebral Artery

                                    • Posterior Cerebral Artery

                                      • Vertebrobasilar System

                                        • Intracranial Veins

                                          ANATOMY IMAGING ISSUES

                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                            • Transtemporal Approach (Most Common Approach)

                                              • Transfrontal Approach

                                                • Transforaminal/Suboccipital Approach

                                                  • Transorbital Approach

                                                    • Submandibular Approach

                                                      • Imaging Pitfalls

                                                        CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS

                                                        • Clinical Importance