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Traumatic Arteriovenous Fistula
Bryson Borg, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Arteriovenous fistula (AVF)
            • Traumatic dural AV fistula (tDAVF)
          • Synonyms

            • Vertebrovertebral arteriovenous fistula 
          • Definitions

            • Trauma-induced arteriovenous fistula

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Angiographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                Selected References

                                1. Li F et al: Endovascular stent-graft treatment for a traumatic vertebrovertebral arteriovenous fistula with pseudoaneurysm. Ann Vasc Surg. 28(2):489.e11-4, 2014
                                2. Harrigan MR et al: Management of vertebral artery injuries following non-penetrating cervical trauma. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:234-43, 2013
                                3. Jayaraman MV et al: Treatment of traumatic cervical arteriovenous fistulas with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(2):352-4, 2007
                                4. Saraf-Lavi E et al: Detection of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae with MR imaging and contrast-enhanced MR angiography: sensitivity, specificity, and prediction of vertebral level. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(5):858-67, 2002
                                5. Goyal M et al: Paravertebral arteriovenous malformations with epidural drainage: clinical spectrum, imaging features, and results of treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(5):749-55, 1999
                                6. Cognard C et al: Paraspinal arteriovenous fistula with perimedullary venous drainage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 16(10):2044-8, 1995
                                7. Halbach VV et al: Treatment of vertebral arteriovenous fistulas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(2):405-12, 1988
                                Related Anatomy
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                                Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                References
                                Tables

                                Tables

                                KEY FACTS

                                • Terminology

                                  • Imaging

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Abbreviations

                                          • Arteriovenous fistula (AVF)
                                          • Traumatic dural AV fistula (tDAVF)
                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Vertebrovertebral arteriovenous fistula 
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Trauma-induced arteriovenous fistula

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • CT Findings

                                            • MR Findings

                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                    • General Features

                                                      CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                      • Presentation

                                                        • Demographics

                                                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                            • Treatment

                                                              Selected References

                                                              1. Li F et al: Endovascular stent-graft treatment for a traumatic vertebrovertebral arteriovenous fistula with pseudoaneurysm. Ann Vasc Surg. 28(2):489.e11-4, 2014
                                                              2. Harrigan MR et al: Management of vertebral artery injuries following non-penetrating cervical trauma. Neurosurgery. 72 Suppl 2:234-43, 2013
                                                              3. Jayaraman MV et al: Treatment of traumatic cervical arteriovenous fistulas with N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 28(2):352-4, 2007
                                                              4. Saraf-Lavi E et al: Detection of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulae with MR imaging and contrast-enhanced MR angiography: sensitivity, specificity, and prediction of vertebral level. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 23(5):858-67, 2002
                                                              5. Goyal M et al: Paravertebral arteriovenous malformations with epidural drainage: clinical spectrum, imaging features, and results of treatment. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(5):749-55, 1999
                                                              6. Cognard C et al: Paraspinal arteriovenous fistula with perimedullary venous drainage. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 16(10):2044-8, 1995
                                                              7. Halbach VV et al: Treatment of vertebral arteriovenous fistulas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 150(2):405-12, 1988