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Traumatic Cerebral Ischemia/Infarction
Anne G. Osborn, MD, FACR; Gregory L. Katzman, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Post-traumatic cerebral ischemia (PTCI)
            • Definitions

              • Hemodynamic alterations induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI)
                • Can be local, regional, generalized perfusion alteration(s)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Consider

                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Wang WH et al: Risk factors for post-traumatic massive cerebral infarction secondary to space-occupying epidural hematoma. J Neurotrauma. 31(16):1444-50, 2014
                                              2. Paiva WS et al: Occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery after head trauma. World J Radiol. 5(5):226-8, 2013
                                              3. Tawil I et al: Posttraumatic cerebral infarction: incidence, outcome, and risk factors. J Trauma. 64(4):849-53, 2008
                                              4. Botteri M et al: Cerebral blood flow thresholds for cerebral ischemia in traumatic brain injury. A systematic review. Crit Care Med. 36(11):3089-92, 2008
                                              5. Stefini R et al: Chemokine detection in the cerebral tissue of patients with posttraumatic brain contusions. J Neurosurg. 108(5):958-62, 2008
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Clinical Issues

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Post-traumatic cerebral ischemia (PTCI)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Hemodynamic alterations induced by traumatic brain injury (TBI)
                                                            • Can be local, regional, generalized perfusion alteration(s)

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • CT Findings

                                                            • MR Findings

                                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                • Angiographic Findings

                                                                  • Nuclear Medicine Findings

                                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                                        • General Features

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Consider

                                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Wang WH et al: Risk factors for post-traumatic massive cerebral infarction secondary to space-occupying epidural hematoma. J Neurotrauma. 31(16):1444-50, 2014
                                                                                          2. Paiva WS et al: Occlusion of the anterior cerebral artery after head trauma. World J Radiol. 5(5):226-8, 2013
                                                                                          3. Tawil I et al: Posttraumatic cerebral infarction: incidence, outcome, and risk factors. J Trauma. 64(4):849-53, 2008
                                                                                          4. Botteri M et al: Cerebral blood flow thresholds for cerebral ischemia in traumatic brain injury. A systematic review. Crit Care Med. 36(11):3089-92, 2008
                                                                                          5. Stefini R et al: Chemokine detection in the cerebral tissue of patients with posttraumatic brain contusions. J Neurosurg. 108(5):958-62, 2008