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Tuberculosis, Urinary Tract
Ashish P. Wasnik, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Abbreviations

          • Urinary tract tuberculosis (TB)
        • Synonyms

          • Renal TB, urinary bladder tuberculosis
        • Definitions

          • Urinary tract infection (UTI) by mycobacterium tuberculosis via hematogenous spread from primary focus, usually lungs
          • Ureteral and bladder disease are secondary to renal involvement
          • Earliest form of bladder TB starts around ureteral orifice

        IMAGING

        • General Features

          • Ultrasonographic Findings

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        • Microscopic Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-Urinary tract tuberculosis: Renal tuberculosis-Part I. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):46-63, 2013
                                      2. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-Urinary tract tuberculosis: Renal tuberculosis-Part II. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):64-77, 2013
                                      3. Vijayaraghavan SB et al: Spectrum of high-resolution sonographic features of urinary tuberculosis. J Ultrasound Med. 23(5):585-94, 2004
                                      4. Wang LJ et al: Imaging findings of urinary tuberculosis on excretory urography and computerized tomography. J Urol. 169(2):524-8, 2003
                                      5. Wise GJ et al: Genitourinary manifestations of tuberculosis. Urol Clin North Am. 30(1):111-21, 2003
                                      6. Goel A et al: Autocystectomy following extensive genitourinary tuberculosis: presentation and management. Int Urol Nephrol. 34(3):325-7, 2002
                                      7. Izbudak-Oznur I et al: Renal tuberculosis mimicking xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Turk J Pediatr. 44(2):168-71, 2002
                                      8. Premkumar A et al: CT and sonography of advanced urinary tract tuberculosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 148(1):65-9, 1987
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Terminology

                                        • Imaging

                                          • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Urinary tract tuberculosis (TB)
                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Renal TB, urinary bladder tuberculosis
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Urinary tract infection (UTI) by mycobacterium tuberculosis via hematogenous spread from primary focus, usually lungs
                                              • Ureteral and bladder disease are secondary to renal involvement
                                              • Earliest form of bladder TB starts around ureteral orifice

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • Radiographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                        PATHOLOGY

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-Urinary tract tuberculosis: Renal tuberculosis-Part I. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):46-63, 2013
                                                                          2. Merchant S et al: Tuberculosis of the genitourinary system-Urinary tract tuberculosis: Renal tuberculosis-Part II. Indian J Radiol Imaging. 23(1):64-77, 2013
                                                                          3. Vijayaraghavan SB et al: Spectrum of high-resolution sonographic features of urinary tuberculosis. J Ultrasound Med. 23(5):585-94, 2004
                                                                          4. Wang LJ et al: Imaging findings of urinary tuberculosis on excretory urography and computerized tomography. J Urol. 169(2):524-8, 2003
                                                                          5. Wise GJ et al: Genitourinary manifestations of tuberculosis. Urol Clin North Am. 30(1):111-21, 2003
                                                                          6. Goel A et al: Autocystectomy following extensive genitourinary tuberculosis: presentation and management. Int Urol Nephrol. 34(3):325-7, 2002
                                                                          7. Izbudak-Oznur I et al: Renal tuberculosis mimicking xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis: ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging findings. Turk J Pediatr. 44(2):168-71, 2002
                                                                          8. Premkumar A et al: CT and sonography of advanced urinary tract tuberculosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 148(1):65-9, 1987