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Tuberous Sclerosis
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SGCA), subependymal nodule (SEN), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)
          • Synonyms

            • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), Bourneville-Pringle syndrome
          • Definitions

            • Autosomal dominant disorder with multiorgan hamartomas

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    • Angiographic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Lew PP et al: Imaging of disorders affecting the bone and skin. Radiographics. 34(1):197-216, 2014
                                    2. Avila NA et al: CT of sclerotic bone lesions: imaging features differentiating tuberous sclerosis complex with lymphangioleiomyomatosis from sporadic lymphangioleiomymatosis. Radiology. 254(3):851-7, 2010
                                    3. Ess KC: Tuberous sclerosis complex: a brave new world? Curr Opin Neurol. 23(2):189-93, 2010
                                    4. Orlova KA et al: The tuberous sclerosis complex. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1184:87-105, 2010
                                    5. Salerno AE et al: Vascular involvement in tuberous sclerosis. Pediatr Nephrol. Epub ahead of print, 2010
                                    6. Lin DD et al: Neuroimaging of phakomatoses. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 13(1):48-62, 2006
                                    7. Stosic-Opincal T et al: Spine MRI findings in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report--part II. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(8):992-3, 2005
                                    8. Stosic-Opincal T et al: Spine MRI findings in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report-part I. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(7):844, 2005
                                    9. Erbay SH et al: Rapid development of optic glioma in a patient with hybrid phakomatosis: neurofibromatosis type 1 and tuberous sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 25(1):36-8, 2004
                                    10. Gasparetto EL et al: Tuberous sclerosis and fibrous dysplasia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(5):835-7, 2003
                                    11. Borman P et al: Osteopoikilosis: report of a clinical case and review of the literature. Joint Bone Spine. 69(2):230-3, 2002
                                    12. Jonard P et al: Tc-99m HDP bone scan showing bone changes in a case of tuberous sclerosis or Bourneville's disease. Clin Nucl Med. 26(1):50-2, 2001
                                    13. Roach ES et al: Tuberous Sclerosis Consensus Conference: recommendations for diagnostic evaluation. National Tuberous Sclerosis Association. J Child Neurol. 14(6):401-7, 1999
                                    14. Roach ES et al: Tuberous sclerosis complex consensus conference: revised clinical diagnostic criteria. J Child Neurol. 13(12):624-8, 1998
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Abbreviations

                                              • Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SGCA), subependymal nodule (SEN), lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM)
                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), Bourneville-Pringle syndrome
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Autosomal dominant disorder with multiorgan hamartomas

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Radiographic Findings

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • MR Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Lew PP et al: Imaging of disorders affecting the bone and skin. Radiographics. 34(1):197-216, 2014
                                                                      2. Avila NA et al: CT of sclerotic bone lesions: imaging features differentiating tuberous sclerosis complex with lymphangioleiomyomatosis from sporadic lymphangioleiomymatosis. Radiology. 254(3):851-7, 2010
                                                                      3. Ess KC: Tuberous sclerosis complex: a brave new world? Curr Opin Neurol. 23(2):189-93, 2010
                                                                      4. Orlova KA et al: The tuberous sclerosis complex. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1184:87-105, 2010
                                                                      5. Salerno AE et al: Vascular involvement in tuberous sclerosis. Pediatr Nephrol. Epub ahead of print, 2010
                                                                      6. Lin DD et al: Neuroimaging of phakomatoses. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 13(1):48-62, 2006
                                                                      7. Stosic-Opincal T et al: Spine MRI findings in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report--part II. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(8):992-3, 2005
                                                                      8. Stosic-Opincal T et al: Spine MRI findings in a patient with tuberous sclerosis: a case report-part I. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 30(7):844, 2005
                                                                      9. Erbay SH et al: Rapid development of optic glioma in a patient with hybrid phakomatosis: neurofibromatosis type 1 and tuberous sclerosis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 25(1):36-8, 2004
                                                                      10. Gasparetto EL et al: Tuberous sclerosis and fibrous dysplasia. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 24(5):835-7, 2003
                                                                      11. Borman P et al: Osteopoikilosis: report of a clinical case and review of the literature. Joint Bone Spine. 69(2):230-3, 2002
                                                                      12. Jonard P et al: Tc-99m HDP bone scan showing bone changes in a case of tuberous sclerosis or Bourneville's disease. Clin Nucl Med. 26(1):50-2, 2001
                                                                      13. Roach ES et al: Tuberous Sclerosis Consensus Conference: recommendations for diagnostic evaluation. National Tuberous Sclerosis Association. J Child Neurol. 14(6):401-7, 1999
                                                                      14. Roach ES et al: Tuberous sclerosis complex consensus conference: revised clinical diagnostic criteria. J Child Neurol. 13(12):624-8, 1998