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Turner Syndrome
Kara G. Gill, MD; B. J. Manaster, MD, PhD, FACR
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        TERMINOLOGY

        • Definitions

          • Syndrome of female phenotype with 45,XO chromosome complement

        IMAGING

        • Radiographic Findings

          PATHOLOGY

          • General Features

            Selected References

            1. Acosta AM et al: Orthopaedic manifestations in Turner syndrome. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 27(23):e1021-8, 2019
            2. Augoulea A et al: Turner syndrome and osteoporosis. Maturitas. 130:41-9, 2019
            3. Atton G et al: The lymphatic phenotype in Turner syndrome: an evaluation of nineteen patients and literature review. Eur J Hum Genet. 23(12):1634-9, 2015
            4. Child CJ et al: Radiological features in patients with short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene deficiency and Turner syndrome before and after 2 Years of GH treatment. Horm Res Paediatr. 84(1):14-25, 2015
            5. Pfäffle R: Hormone replacement therapy in children: the use of growth hormone and IGF-I. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 29(3):339-52, 2015
            6. Bondy CA: Turner syndrome 2008. Horm Res. 71 Suppl 1:52-6, 2009
            7. Bakalov VK et al: Fracture risk and bone mineral density in Turner syndrome. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 9(2):145-51, 2008
            8. Bondy CA: Congenital cardiovascular disease in Turner syndrome. Congenit Heart Dis. 3(1):2-15, 2008
            9. Hjerrild BE et al: Turner syndrome and clinical treatment. Br Med Bull. 86:77-93, 2008
            10. Loscalzo ML: Turner syndrome. Pediatr Rev. 29(7):219-27, 2008
            Related Anatomy
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            Related Differential Diagnoses
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            KEY FACTS

            • Terminology

              • Imaging

                • Pathology

                  TERMINOLOGY

                  • Definitions

                    • Syndrome of female phenotype with 45,XO chromosome complement

                  IMAGING

                  • Radiographic Findings

                    PATHOLOGY

                    • General Features

                      Selected References

                      1. Acosta AM et al: Orthopaedic manifestations in Turner syndrome. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 27(23):e1021-8, 2019
                      2. Augoulea A et al: Turner syndrome and osteoporosis. Maturitas. 130:41-9, 2019
                      3. Atton G et al: The lymphatic phenotype in Turner syndrome: an evaluation of nineteen patients and literature review. Eur J Hum Genet. 23(12):1634-9, 2015
                      4. Child CJ et al: Radiological features in patients with short stature homeobox-containing (SHOX) gene deficiency and Turner syndrome before and after 2 Years of GH treatment. Horm Res Paediatr. 84(1):14-25, 2015
                      5. Pfäffle R: Hormone replacement therapy in children: the use of growth hormone and IGF-I. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 29(3):339-52, 2015
                      6. Bondy CA: Turner syndrome 2008. Horm Res. 71 Suppl 1:52-6, 2009
                      7. Bakalov VK et al: Fracture risk and bone mineral density in Turner syndrome. Rev Endocr Metab Disord. 9(2):145-51, 2008
                      8. Bondy CA: Congenital cardiovascular disease in Turner syndrome. Congenit Heart Dis. 3(1):2-15, 2008
                      9. Hjerrild BE et al: Turner syndrome and clinical treatment. Br Med Bull. 86:77-93, 2008
                      10. Loscalzo ML: Turner syndrome. Pediatr Rev. 29(7):219-27, 2008