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Ulcerative Colitis
Alexander J. Towbin, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Ulcerative colitis (UC)
          • Definitions

            • Chronic, idiopathic diffuse inflammatory disease that primarily involves colorectal mucosa & submucosa

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Radiographic Findings

              • Fluoroscopic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Other Modality Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Scarallo L et al: Bowel ultrasound scan predicts corticosteroid failure in children with acute severe colitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 71(1):46-51, 2020
                                          2. Schooler GR et al: MR imaging evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease in children:: where are we now in 2019. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 27(2):291-300, 2019
                                          3. Turner D et al: Management of paediatric ulcerative colitis, part 2: acute severe colitis-an evidence-based consensus guideline from the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization and the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 67(2):292-310, 2018
                                          4. Turner D et al: Management of paediatric ulcerative colitis, part 1: ambulatory care-an evidence-based guideline from European Crohn's and Colitis Organization and European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 67(2):257-91, 2018
                                          5. Yu YR et al: Clinical presentation of Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, and indeterminate colitis: symptoms, extraintestinal manifestations, and disease phenotypes. Semin Pediatr Surg. 26(6):349-55, 2017
                                          6. Anupindi SA et al: Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease: imaging issues with targeted solutions. Abdom Imaging. 40(5):975-92, 2015
                                          7. Towbin AJ et al: CT and MR enterography in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographics. 33(7):1843-60, 2013
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Abbreviations

                                                    • Ulcerative colitis (UC)
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Chronic, idiopathic diffuse inflammatory disease that primarily involves colorectal mucosa & submucosa

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                              • Other Modality Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                        • Microscopic Features

                                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                          • Presentation

                                                                            • Demographics

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Scarallo L et al: Bowel ultrasound scan predicts corticosteroid failure in children with acute severe colitis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 71(1):46-51, 2020
                                                                                  2. Schooler GR et al: MR imaging evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease in children:: where are we now in 2019. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 27(2):291-300, 2019
                                                                                  3. Turner D et al: Management of paediatric ulcerative colitis, part 2: acute severe colitis-an evidence-based consensus guideline from the European Crohn's and Colitis Organization and the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 67(2):292-310, 2018
                                                                                  4. Turner D et al: Management of paediatric ulcerative colitis, part 1: ambulatory care-an evidence-based guideline from European Crohn's and Colitis Organization and European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 67(2):257-91, 2018
                                                                                  5. Yu YR et al: Clinical presentation of Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, and indeterminate colitis: symptoms, extraintestinal manifestations, and disease phenotypes. Semin Pediatr Surg. 26(6):349-55, 2017
                                                                                  6. Anupindi SA et al: Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease: imaging issues with targeted solutions. Abdom Imaging. 40(5):975-92, 2015
                                                                                  7. Towbin AJ et al: CT and MR enterography in children and adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease. Radiographics. 33(7):1843-60, 2013