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Umbilical Hernia
Siva P. Raman, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Protrusion of abdominal contents (omental fat ± bowel) into or through anterior abdominal wall via umbilical ring
                • Congenital: Diagnosed in infancy
                • Acquired: Develops in later life

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • CT Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    • Fluoroscopic Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Henriksen NA et al: Guidelines for treatment of umbilical and epigastric hernias from the European Hernia Society and Americas Hernia Society. Br J Surg. 107(3):171-90, 2020
                                    2. Konerman M et al: Image of the month: umbilical hernia with ascites and a collateral paraumbilical vein in decompensated cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol. 108(8):1237, 2013
                                    3. Aguirre DA et al: Abdominal wall hernias: imaging features, complications, and diagnostic pitfalls at multi-detector row CT. Radiographics. 25(6):1501-20, 2005
                                    4. Khati NJ et al: Imaging of the umbilicus and periumbilical region. Radiographics. 18(2):413-31, 1998
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Protrusion of abdominal contents (omental fat ± bowel) into or through anterior abdominal wall via umbilical ring
                                                  • Congenital: Diagnosed in infancy
                                                  • Acquired: Develops in later life

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • CT Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • Imaging Recommendations

                                                      • Fluoroscopic Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Henriksen NA et al: Guidelines for treatment of umbilical and epigastric hernias from the European Hernia Society and Americas Hernia Society. Br J Surg. 107(3):171-90, 2020
                                                                      2. Konerman M et al: Image of the month: umbilical hernia with ascites and a collateral paraumbilical vein in decompensated cirrhosis. Am J Gastroenterol. 108(8):1237, 2013
                                                                      3. Aguirre DA et al: Abdominal wall hernias: imaging features, complications, and diagnostic pitfalls at multi-detector row CT. Radiographics. 25(6):1501-20, 2005
                                                                      4. Khati NJ et al: Imaging of the umbilicus and periumbilical region. Radiographics. 18(2):413-31, 1998