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Undescended Testis
Amit B. Desai, MD; Shweta Bhatt, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Cryptorchidism, cryptorchism
            • Definitions

              • Incomplete descent of testis into base of scrotum

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Demographics

                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                              • Treatment

                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Abac─▒ A et al: Epidemiology, classification and management of undescended testes: does medication have value in its treatment? J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 5(2):65-72, 2013
                                  2. Ekenze SO et al: The utility of ultrasonography in the management of undescended testis in a developing country. World J Surg. 37(5):1121-4, 2013
                                  3. Singal AK et al: Undescended testis and torsion: is the risk understated? Arch Dis Child. 98(1):77-9, 2013
                                  4. Abbas TO et al: Role of ultrasonography in the preoperative assessment of impalpable testes: a single center experience. ISRN Urol. 2012:560216, 2012
                                  5. Canning DA: Re: Diagnostic performance of ultrasound in nonpalpable cryptorchidism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Urol. 187(4):1434, 2012
                                  6. Mansour SM et al: Does MRI add to ultrasound in the assessment of disorders of sex development? Eur J Radiol. 81(9):2403-10, 2012
                                  7. Tasian GE et al: Diagnostic imaging in cryptorchidism: utility, indications, and effectiveness. J Pediatr Surg. 46(12):2406-13, 2011
                                  8. Tasian GE et al: Imaging use and cryptorchidism: determinants of practice patterns. J Urol. 185(5):1882-7, 2011
                                  9. Christensen JD et al: The undescended testis. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 28(4):307-16, 2007
                                  10. Nguyen HT et al: Cryptorchidism: strategies in detection. Eur Radiol. 9(2):336-43, 1999
                                  Related Anatomy
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                                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                  References
                                  Tables

                                  Tables

                                  KEY FACTS

                                  • Terminology

                                    • Imaging

                                      • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                        • Pathology

                                          • Clinical Issues

                                            TERMINOLOGY

                                            • Synonyms

                                              • Cryptorchidism, cryptorchism
                                            • Definitions

                                              • Incomplete descent of testis into base of scrotum

                                            IMAGING

                                            • General Features

                                              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                • MR Findings

                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                      • General Features

                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                          • Demographics

                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                              • Treatment

                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                  Selected References

                                                                  1. Abac─▒ A et al: Epidemiology, classification and management of undescended testes: does medication have value in its treatment? J Clin Res Pediatr Endocrinol. 5(2):65-72, 2013
                                                                  2. Ekenze SO et al: The utility of ultrasonography in the management of undescended testis in a developing country. World J Surg. 37(5):1121-4, 2013
                                                                  3. Singal AK et al: Undescended testis and torsion: is the risk understated? Arch Dis Child. 98(1):77-9, 2013
                                                                  4. Abbas TO et al: Role of ultrasonography in the preoperative assessment of impalpable testes: a single center experience. ISRN Urol. 2012:560216, 2012
                                                                  5. Canning DA: Re: Diagnostic performance of ultrasound in nonpalpable cryptorchidism: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Urol. 187(4):1434, 2012
                                                                  6. Mansour SM et al: Does MRI add to ultrasound in the assessment of disorders of sex development? Eur J Radiol. 81(9):2403-10, 2012
                                                                  7. Tasian GE et al: Diagnostic imaging in cryptorchidism: utility, indications, and effectiveness. J Pediatr Surg. 46(12):2406-13, 2011
                                                                  8. Tasian GE et al: Imaging use and cryptorchidism: determinants of practice patterns. J Urol. 185(5):1882-7, 2011
                                                                  9. Christensen JD et al: The undescended testis. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 28(4):307-16, 2007
                                                                  10. Nguyen HT et al: Cryptorchidism: strategies in detection. Eur Radiol. 9(2):336-43, 1999