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Unusual Infections
Lori Strachowski, MD; Wei Tse Yang, MBBS
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Definitions

              • Atypical or uncommon infection by organisms other than usual pyogenic bacteria

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Mammographic Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • CT Findings

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    Selected References

                                    1. Perry AM et al: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease: a review. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 142(11):1341-6, 2018
                                    2. Qiao Y et al: Tuberculosis mastitis presenting as bilateral breast masses. Clin Imaging. 52:28-31, 2018
                                    3. Agarwal MD et al: Infections in the breast-common imaging presentations and mimics. Semin Roentgenol. 52(2):101-7, 2017
                                    4. Agarwal MD et al: Uncommon infections in the breast. Semin Roentgenol. 52(2):108-13, 2017
                                    5. Longman CF et al: Imaging features and diagnosis of tuberculosis of the breast. Clin Radiol. 72(3):217-22, 2017
                                    6. Kamyab A: Granulomatous lobular mastitis secondary to Mycobacterium fortuitum. World J Clin Cases. 4(12):409-12, 2016
                                    7. Tauch A et al: A microbiological and clinical review on Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii. Int J Infect Dis. 48:33-9, 2016
                                    8. Gupta NK et al: Cysticercosis of breast. Trop Parasitol. 3(2):148-50, 2013
                                    9. Singh G et al: Bilateral breast abscesses due to Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. J Glob Infect Dis. 3(4):402-4, 2011
                                    10. Termos S et al: Primary breast tuberculosis. JBR-BTR. 94(2):98, 2011
                                    11. Park JH et al: A surgically confirmed case of breast sparganosis showing characteristic mammography and ultrasonography findings. Korean J Parasitol. 44(2):151-6, 2006
                                    12. Kim HS et al: Spectrum of sonographic findings in superficial breast masses. J Ultrasound Med. 24(5):663-80, 2005
                                    13. Lim ET et al: Pathological axillary lymph nodes detected at mammographic screening. Clin Radiol. 59(1):86-91, 2004
                                    14. Cherubini M et al: Mycobacterium infection directly observed in a surgical outpatient centre. Minerva Chir. 58(1):77-82, 82-5, 2003
                                    15. Muttarak M et al: Mammographic features of tuberculous axillary lymphadenitis. Australas Radiol. 46(3):260-3, 2002
                                    16. Bastarrika G et al: Calcified filariasis of the breast: report of four cases. Eur Radiol. 11(7):1195-7, 2001
                                    17. Yang WT et al: Mammographic, sonographic and histopathological correlation of benign axillary masses. Clin Radiol. 52(2):130-5, 1997
                                    18. Chung SY et al: Breast sparganosis: mammographic and ultrasound features. J Clin Ultrasound. 23(7):447-51, 1995
                                    Related Anatomy
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                                    Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                    References
                                    Tables

                                    Tables

                                    KEY FACTS

                                    • Terminology

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Definitions

                                                • Atypical or uncommon infection by organisms other than usual pyogenic bacteria

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Mammographic Findings

                                                  • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                          PATHOLOGY

                                                          • General Features

                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Treatment

                                                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                    • Consider

                                                                      Selected References

                                                                      1. Perry AM et al: Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease: a review. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 142(11):1341-6, 2018
                                                                      2. Qiao Y et al: Tuberculosis mastitis presenting as bilateral breast masses. Clin Imaging. 52:28-31, 2018
                                                                      3. Agarwal MD et al: Infections in the breast-common imaging presentations and mimics. Semin Roentgenol. 52(2):101-7, 2017
                                                                      4. Agarwal MD et al: Uncommon infections in the breast. Semin Roentgenol. 52(2):108-13, 2017
                                                                      5. Longman CF et al: Imaging features and diagnosis of tuberculosis of the breast. Clin Radiol. 72(3):217-22, 2017
                                                                      6. Kamyab A: Granulomatous lobular mastitis secondary to Mycobacterium fortuitum. World J Clin Cases. 4(12):409-12, 2016
                                                                      7. Tauch A et al: A microbiological and clinical review on Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii. Int J Infect Dis. 48:33-9, 2016
                                                                      8. Gupta NK et al: Cysticercosis of breast. Trop Parasitol. 3(2):148-50, 2013
                                                                      9. Singh G et al: Bilateral breast abscesses due to Salmonella enterica serotype typhi. J Glob Infect Dis. 3(4):402-4, 2011
                                                                      10. Termos S et al: Primary breast tuberculosis. JBR-BTR. 94(2):98, 2011
                                                                      11. Park JH et al: A surgically confirmed case of breast sparganosis showing characteristic mammography and ultrasonography findings. Korean J Parasitol. 44(2):151-6, 2006
                                                                      12. Kim HS et al: Spectrum of sonographic findings in superficial breast masses. J Ultrasound Med. 24(5):663-80, 2005
                                                                      13. Lim ET et al: Pathological axillary lymph nodes detected at mammographic screening. Clin Radiol. 59(1):86-91, 2004
                                                                      14. Cherubini M et al: Mycobacterium infection directly observed in a surgical outpatient centre. Minerva Chir. 58(1):77-82, 82-5, 2003
                                                                      15. Muttarak M et al: Mammographic features of tuberculous axillary lymphadenitis. Australas Radiol. 46(3):260-3, 2002
                                                                      16. Bastarrika G et al: Calcified filariasis of the breast: report of four cases. Eur Radiol. 11(7):1195-7, 2001
                                                                      17. Yang WT et al: Mammographic, sonographic and histopathological correlation of benign axillary masses. Clin Radiol. 52(2):130-5, 1997
                                                                      18. Chung SY et al: Breast sparganosis: mammographic and ultrasound features. J Clin Ultrasound. 23(7):447-51, 1995