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Uremic Encephalopathy
Miral D. Jhaveri, MD, MBA
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            • Diagnostic Checklist

              TERMINOLOGY

              • Abbreviations

                • Uremic encephalopathy (UE)
                • Lentiform fork sign (LFS)
              • Definitions

                • Toxic-metabolic encephalopathy in patients with severe renal failure

              IMAGING

              • General Features

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Hamed SA: Neurologic conditions and disorders of uremic syndrome of chronic kidney disease: presentations, causes, and treatment strategies. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 12(1):61-90, 2019
                                        2. Yanai A et al: Uremic encephalopathy in patients undergoing assisted peritoneal dialysis: a case series and literature review. CEN Case Rep. ePub, 2019
                                        3. Baluarte JH: Neurological complications of renal disease. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 24(1):25-32, 2017
                                        4. Kim DM et al: Uremic encephalopathy: MR imaging findings and clinical correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(9):1604-9, 2016
                                        5. Grasso D et al: Lentiform fork sign: a magnetic resonance finding in a case of acute metabolic acidosis. Neuroradiol J. 27(3):288-92, 2014
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Uremic encephalopathy (UE)
                                                      • Lentiform fork sign (LFS)
                                                    • Definitions

                                                      • Toxic-metabolic encephalopathy in patients with severe renal failure

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Hamed SA: Neurologic conditions and disorders of uremic syndrome of chronic kidney disease: presentations, causes, and treatment strategies. Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol. 12(1):61-90, 2019
                                                                              2. Yanai A et al: Uremic encephalopathy in patients undergoing assisted peritoneal dialysis: a case series and literature review. CEN Case Rep. ePub, 2019
                                                                              3. Baluarte JH: Neurological complications of renal disease. Semin Pediatr Neurol. 24(1):25-32, 2017
                                                                              4. Kim DM et al: Uremic encephalopathy: MR imaging findings and clinical correlation. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 37(9):1604-9, 2016
                                                                              5. Grasso D et al: Lentiform fork sign: a magnetic resonance finding in a case of acute metabolic acidosis. Neuroradiol J. 27(3):288-92, 2014