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Ureteral Urothelial Carcinoma
Bryan R. Foster, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Diagnostic Checklist

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Urothelial carcinoma (UC)
            • Synonyms

              • Transitional cell carcinoma (older terminology)
            • Definitions

              • Carcinoma arising from urothelium of ureter

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Ultrasonographic Findings

                      • Imaging Recommendations

                        DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                          PATHOLOGY

                          • General Features

                            • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                • Microscopic Features

                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                  • Presentation

                                    • Demographics

                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                        • Treatment

                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                          • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                            • Reporting Tips

                                              Selected References

                                              1. Barocas DA et al: Microhematuria: AUA/SUFU guideline. J Urol. 204(4):778-86, 2020
                                              2. Kamo M et al: CT findings of upper urinary tract lesions in IgG4-related disease: comparison with urothelial carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 215(2):406-12, 2020
                                              3. Martingano P et al: CT urography findings of upper urinary tract carcinoma and its mimickers: a pictorial review. Medicina (Kaunas). 56(12), 2020
                                              4. Paspulati A et al: The utility of retrograde pyelography to follow up incompletely opacified ureters on CT urography. Abdom Radiol (NY). 45(3):807-11, 2020
                                              5. Roberts JL et al: Diagnosis, management, and follow-up of upper tract urothelial carcinoma: an interdisciplinary collaboration between urology and radiology. Abdom Radiol (NY). 44(12):3893-905, 2019
                                              6. Zeikus E et al: Tumors of renal collecting systems, renal pelvis, and ureters: role of MR imaging and MR urography versus computed tomography urography. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 27(1):15-32, 2019
                                              7. Froemming A et al: Upper tract urothelial cancer. Eur J Radiol. 98:50-60, 2018
                                              8. Raman SP et al: Upper and lower tract urothelial imaging using computed tomography urography. Urol Clin North Am. 45(3):389-405, 2018
                                              9. Hilton S et al: Recent advances in imaging cancer of the kidney and urinary tract. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 23(4):863-910, 2014
                                              10. Vikram R et al: Imaging and staging of transitional cell carcinoma: part 2, upper urinary tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1488-93, 2009
                                              11. Wright JL et al: Predictors of upper tract urothelial cell carcinoma after primary bladder cancer: a population based analysis. J Urol. 181(3):1035-9; discussion 1039, 2009
                                              12. Kawamoto S et al: Transitional cell neoplasm of the upper urinary tract: evaluation with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):416-22, 2008
                                              13. Leyendecker JR et al: MR urography: techniques and clinical applications. Radiographics. 28(1):23-46; discussion 46-7, 2008
                                              14. Browne RF et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 25(6):1609-27, 2005
                                              15. Wong-You-Cheong JJ et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary tract: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 18(1):123-42; quiz 148, 1998
                                              Related Anatomy
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                                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                              References
                                              Tables

                                              Tables

                                              KEY FACTS

                                              • Terminology

                                                • Imaging

                                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                    • Pathology

                                                      • Diagnostic Checklist

                                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                                        • Abbreviations

                                                          • Urothelial carcinoma (UC)
                                                        • Synonyms

                                                          • Transitional cell carcinoma (older terminology)
                                                        • Definitions

                                                          • Carcinoma arising from urothelium of ureter

                                                        IMAGING

                                                        • General Features

                                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                                            • CT Findings

                                                              • MR Findings

                                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                                  • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                      PATHOLOGY

                                                                      • General Features

                                                                        • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                            • Microscopic Features

                                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                              • Presentation

                                                                                • Demographics

                                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                                        • Reporting Tips

                                                                                          Selected References

                                                                                          1. Barocas DA et al: Microhematuria: AUA/SUFU guideline. J Urol. 204(4):778-86, 2020
                                                                                          2. Kamo M et al: CT findings of upper urinary tract lesions in IgG4-related disease: comparison with urothelial carcinoma. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 215(2):406-12, 2020
                                                                                          3. Martingano P et al: CT urography findings of upper urinary tract carcinoma and its mimickers: a pictorial review. Medicina (Kaunas). 56(12), 2020
                                                                                          4. Paspulati A et al: The utility of retrograde pyelography to follow up incompletely opacified ureters on CT urography. Abdom Radiol (NY). 45(3):807-11, 2020
                                                                                          5. Roberts JL et al: Diagnosis, management, and follow-up of upper tract urothelial carcinoma: an interdisciplinary collaboration between urology and radiology. Abdom Radiol (NY). 44(12):3893-905, 2019
                                                                                          6. Zeikus E et al: Tumors of renal collecting systems, renal pelvis, and ureters: role of MR imaging and MR urography versus computed tomography urography. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 27(1):15-32, 2019
                                                                                          7. Froemming A et al: Upper tract urothelial cancer. Eur J Radiol. 98:50-60, 2018
                                                                                          8. Raman SP et al: Upper and lower tract urothelial imaging using computed tomography urography. Urol Clin North Am. 45(3):389-405, 2018
                                                                                          9. Hilton S et al: Recent advances in imaging cancer of the kidney and urinary tract. Surg Oncol Clin N Am. 23(4):863-910, 2014
                                                                                          10. Vikram R et al: Imaging and staging of transitional cell carcinoma: part 2, upper urinary tract. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 192(6):1488-93, 2009
                                                                                          11. Wright JL et al: Predictors of upper tract urothelial cell carcinoma after primary bladder cancer: a population based analysis. J Urol. 181(3):1035-9; discussion 1039, 2009
                                                                                          12. Kawamoto S et al: Transitional cell neoplasm of the upper urinary tract: evaluation with MDCT. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 191(2):416-22, 2008
                                                                                          13. Leyendecker JR et al: MR urography: techniques and clinical applications. Radiographics. 28(1):23-46; discussion 46-7, 2008
                                                                                          14. Browne RF et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary tract: spectrum of imaging findings. Radiographics. 25(6):1609-27, 2005
                                                                                          15. Wong-You-Cheong JJ et al: Transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary tract: radiologic-pathologic correlation. Radiographics. 18(1):123-42; quiz 148, 1998