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Ureteritis Cystica
Bryan R. Foster, MD; Amir A. Borhani, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Pyeloureteritis cystica (if renal pelvis involved), proliferative ureteritis, ureteritis cystica et glandularis
            • Definitions

              • Reactive, proliferative changes of urothelium with formation of multiple small, subepithelial cysts

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                            • Microscopic Features

                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                              • Presentation

                                • Demographics

                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                    • Treatment

                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. He YR et al: A rare case of extensive unilateral ureteritis cystica. Urology. 138:e3-4, 2020
                                        2. Neretljak I et al: Ureteritis cystica - a rare urological condition. Urol Case Rep. 24:100866, 2019
                                        3. Moosavi B et al: Beyond ureterolithiasis: gamut of abnormalities affecting the ureter. Clin Imaging. 40(4):678-90, 2016
                                        4. Shebel HM et al: Genitourinary schistosomiasis: life cycle and radiologic-pathologic findings. Radiographics. 32(4):1031-46, 2012
                                        5. Rothschild JG et al: Ureteritis cystica: a radiologic pathologic correlation. J Clin Imaging Sci. 1:23, 2011
                                        6. Ordon M et al: Ureteritis cystica: a rare cause of ureteral obstruction. J Endourol. 24(9):1391-3, 2010
                                        7. Kýlýç S et al: A rare condition: the ureteritis cystica. ScientificWorldJournal. 4 Suppl 1:175-8, 2004
                                        8. Wang IK et al: Pyeloureteritis cystica: case report. Chang Gung Med J. 24(1):62-7, 2001
                                        9. Dunnick NR et al: Textbook of uroradiology. 2nd ed. Williams and Wilkins. 381-2, 1997
                                        10. Menendez V et al: Cystic pyeloureteritis: review of 34 cases. Radiologic aspects and differential diagnosis. Urology. 50(1):31-7, 1997
                                        11. Noda S et al: Histopathological studies on the cystic formation of the human urothelium. Kurume Med J. 37(2):55-65, 1990
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                              • Pathology

                                                • Clinical Issues

                                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                                  • Synonyms

                                                    • Pyeloureteritis cystica (if renal pelvis involved), proliferative ureteritis, ureteritis cystica et glandularis
                                                  • Definitions

                                                    • Reactive, proliferative changes of urothelium with formation of multiple small, subepithelial cysts

                                                  IMAGING

                                                  • General Features

                                                    • Radiographic Findings

                                                      • CT Findings

                                                        • MR Findings

                                                          • Imaging Recommendations

                                                            DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                              PATHOLOGY

                                                              • General Features

                                                                • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                  • Microscopic Features

                                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                    • Presentation

                                                                      • Demographics

                                                                        • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                          • Treatment

                                                                            DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. He YR et al: A rare case of extensive unilateral ureteritis cystica. Urology. 138:e3-4, 2020
                                                                              2. Neretljak I et al: Ureteritis cystica - a rare urological condition. Urol Case Rep. 24:100866, 2019
                                                                              3. Moosavi B et al: Beyond ureterolithiasis: gamut of abnormalities affecting the ureter. Clin Imaging. 40(4):678-90, 2016
                                                                              4. Shebel HM et al: Genitourinary schistosomiasis: life cycle and radiologic-pathologic findings. Radiographics. 32(4):1031-46, 2012
                                                                              5. Rothschild JG et al: Ureteritis cystica: a radiologic pathologic correlation. J Clin Imaging Sci. 1:23, 2011
                                                                              6. Ordon M et al: Ureteritis cystica: a rare cause of ureteral obstruction. J Endourol. 24(9):1391-3, 2010
                                                                              7. Kýlýç S et al: A rare condition: the ureteritis cystica. ScientificWorldJournal. 4 Suppl 1:175-8, 2004
                                                                              8. Wang IK et al: Pyeloureteritis cystica: case report. Chang Gung Med J. 24(1):62-7, 2001
                                                                              9. Dunnick NR et al: Textbook of uroradiology. 2nd ed. Williams and Wilkins. 381-2, 1997
                                                                              10. Menendez V et al: Cystic pyeloureteritis: review of 34 cases. Radiologic aspects and differential diagnosis. Urology. 50(1):31-7, 1997
                                                                              11. Noda S et al: Histopathological studies on the cystic formation of the human urothelium. Kurume Med J. 37(2):55-65, 1990