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Uterine AVM/PSA
Akshya Gupta, MD; Shweta Bhatt, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Imaging

    • Top Differential Diagnoses

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Abbreviations

            • Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
            • Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA)
          • Synonyms

            • Uterine AVM
              • Cavernous hemangioma
              • Cirsoid aneurysm
              • Racemose aneurysm
              • Arteriovenous aneurysm
              • Pulsatile angioma
              • Arteriovenous fistula
          • Definitions

            • Uterine AVM
              • Abnormal communication between uterine arterial branches within myometrium and draining myometrial venous plexus

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • Ultrasonographic Findings

              • CT Findings

                • MR Findings

                  • Angiographic Findings

                    • Imaging Recommendations

                      DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                        PATHOLOGY

                        • General Features

                          CLINICAL ISSUES

                          • Presentation

                            • Demographics

                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                • Treatment

                                  DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                  • Consider

                                    • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                      Selected References

                                      1. Kassam Z et al: Benign gynecologic conditions of the uterus. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 25(3):577-600, 2017
                                      2. Wani NA et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformation diagnosed with multislice computed tomography: a case report. J Reprod Med. 55(3-4):166-70, 2010
                                      3. Cura M et al: Arteriovenous malformations of the uterus. Acta Radiol. 50(7):823-9, 2009
                                      4. O'Brien P et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformations: from diagnosis to treatment. J Ultrasound Med. 25(11):1387-92; quiz 1394-5, 2006
                                      5. Ghai S et al: Efficacy of embolization in traumatic uterine vascular malformations. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 14(11):1401-8, 2003
                                      6. Polat P et al: Color Doppler US in the evaluation of uterine vascular abnormalities. Radiographics. 22(1):47-53, 2002
                                      7. Huang MW et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformations: gray-scale and Doppler US features with MR imaging correlation. Radiology 206:115-23, 1998
                                      8. Schiller VL et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(1):219-20, 1998
                                      Related Anatomy
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                                      Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                      References
                                      Tables

                                      Tables

                                      KEY FACTS

                                      • Imaging

                                        • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                          • Pathology

                                            • Clinical Issues

                                              TERMINOLOGY

                                              • Abbreviations

                                                • Uterine arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
                                                • Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA)
                                              • Synonyms

                                                • Uterine AVM
                                                  • Cavernous hemangioma
                                                  • Cirsoid aneurysm
                                                  • Racemose aneurysm
                                                  • Arteriovenous aneurysm
                                                  • Pulsatile angioma
                                                  • Arteriovenous fistula
                                              • Definitions

                                                • Uterine AVM
                                                  • Abnormal communication between uterine arterial branches within myometrium and draining myometrial venous plexus

                                              IMAGING

                                              • General Features

                                                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Angiographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                              • Presentation

                                                                • Demographics

                                                                  • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                    • Treatment

                                                                      DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                      • Consider

                                                                        • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                          Selected References

                                                                          1. Kassam Z et al: Benign gynecologic conditions of the uterus. Magn Reson Imaging Clin N Am. 25(3):577-600, 2017
                                                                          2. Wani NA et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformation diagnosed with multislice computed tomography: a case report. J Reprod Med. 55(3-4):166-70, 2010
                                                                          3. Cura M et al: Arteriovenous malformations of the uterus. Acta Radiol. 50(7):823-9, 2009
                                                                          4. O'Brien P et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformations: from diagnosis to treatment. J Ultrasound Med. 25(11):1387-92; quiz 1394-5, 2006
                                                                          5. Ghai S et al: Efficacy of embolization in traumatic uterine vascular malformations. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 14(11):1401-8, 2003
                                                                          6. Polat P et al: Color Doppler US in the evaluation of uterine vascular abnormalities. Radiographics. 22(1):47-53, 2002
                                                                          7. Huang MW et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformations: gray-scale and Doppler US features with MR imaging correlation. Radiology 206:115-23, 1998
                                                                          8. Schiller VL et al: Uterine arteriovenous malformation. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 170(1):219-20, 1998