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Vagina and Vulva
Marc S. Tubay, MD
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Terminology

  • Synonyms

    • Pudenda (vulva)
  • Definitions

    • Vagina (Latin for sheath): Fibromuscular tube with mucosal lining that extends from vulva to cervix
    • Vulva (Latin for covering): Female external genitalia extending from symphysis pubis anteriorly to perineum posteriorly, medial to inguinal/gluteal folds

Gross Anatomy

  • Vagina

    • Vulva

      Imaging Anatomy

      • Overview

        • Vagina

          • Vulva

            Anatomy Imaging Issues

            • Imaging Recommendations

              Clinical Implications

              • Clinical Importance

                Embryology

                • Embryologic Events

                  Selected References

                  1. Bitti GT et al: Pelvic floor failure: MR imaging evaluation of anatomic and functional abnormalities. Radiographics. 34(2):429-48, 2014
                  2. Puppo V: Anatomy and physiology of the clitoris, vestibular bulbs, and labia minora with a review of the female orgasm and the prevention of female sexual dysfunction. Clin Anat. 26(1):134-52, 2013
                  3. Ventolini G: Vulvar pain: Anatomic and recent pathophysiologic considerations. Clin Anat. 26(1):130-3, 2013
                  4. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                  5. Laterza RM et al: Female pelvic congenital malformations. Part I: embryology, anatomy and surgical treatment. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 159(1):26-34, 2011
                  6. Puppo V: Embryology and anatomy of the vulva: the female orgasm and women's sexual health. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 154(1):3-8, 2011
                  7. Grant LA et al: Congenital and acquired conditions of the vulva and vagina on magnetic resonance imaging: a pictorial review. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 31(5):347-62, 2010
                  8. Parikh JH et al: MR imaging features of vaginal malignancies. Radiographics. 28(1):49-63; quiz 322, 2008
                  9. Cunningham FG: Williams Obstetrics. 22nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Medical Publishing Division, 2005
                  10. Ferris DG: Modern Colposcopy. 2nd ed. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2004
                  11. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997
                  Related Anatomy
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                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                  References
                  Tables

                  Tables

                  Terminology

                  • Synonyms

                    • Pudenda (vulva)
                  • Definitions

                    • Vagina (Latin for sheath): Fibromuscular tube with mucosal lining that extends from vulva to cervix
                    • Vulva (Latin for covering): Female external genitalia extending from symphysis pubis anteriorly to perineum posteriorly, medial to inguinal/gluteal folds

                  Gross Anatomy

                  • Vagina

                    • Vulva

                      Imaging Anatomy

                      • Overview

                        • Vagina

                          • Vulva

                            Anatomy Imaging Issues

                            • Imaging Recommendations

                              Clinical Implications

                              • Clinical Importance

                                Embryology

                                • Embryologic Events

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Bitti GT et al: Pelvic floor failure: MR imaging evaluation of anatomic and functional abnormalities. Radiographics. 34(2):429-48, 2014
                                  2. Puppo V: Anatomy and physiology of the clitoris, vestibular bulbs, and labia minora with a review of the female orgasm and the prevention of female sexual dysfunction. Clin Anat. 26(1):134-52, 2013
                                  3. Ventolini G: Vulvar pain: Anatomic and recent pathophysiologic considerations. Clin Anat. 26(1):130-3, 2013
                                  4. Hosseinzadeh K et al: Imaging of the female perineum in adults. Radiographics. 32(4):E129-68, 2012
                                  5. Laterza RM et al: Female pelvic congenital malformations. Part I: embryology, anatomy and surgical treatment. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 159(1):26-34, 2011
                                  6. Puppo V: Embryology and anatomy of the vulva: the female orgasm and women's sexual health. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 154(1):3-8, 2011
                                  7. Grant LA et al: Congenital and acquired conditions of the vulva and vagina on magnetic resonance imaging: a pictorial review. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 31(5):347-62, 2010
                                  8. Parikh JH et al: MR imaging features of vaginal malignancies. Radiographics. 28(1):49-63; quiz 322, 2008
                                  9. Cunningham FG: Williams Obstetrics. 22nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, Medical Publishing Division, 2005
                                  10. Ferris DG: Modern Colposcopy. 2nd ed. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing Company, 2004
                                  11. Siegelman ES et al: High-resolution MR imaging of the vagina. Radiographics. 17(5):1183-203, 1997