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Vaginal Atresia
Christine O. Menias, MD; Caroline Reinhold, MD, MSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Failure of primitive urogenital sinus to develop (which gives rise to lower 1/3 of vagina)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Presentation

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Singhal SR et al: Uterus didelphys with partial vaginal septum and distal vaginal agenesis: an unusual anomaly. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 23(2):149-51, 2013
                              2. Santos XM et al: The utility of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging versus surgery for the characterization of müllerian anomalies in the pediatric and adolescent population. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 25(3):181-4, 2012
                              3. Sarathi V et al: Mucocolpos in a toddler: central precocious puberty with vaginal atresia. Endocr Pract. 18(6):e144-6, 2012
                              4. Laterza RM et al: Female pelvic congenital malformations. Part I: embryology, anatomy and surgical treatment. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 159(1):26-34, 2011
                              5. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                              6. Church DG et al: Magnetic resonance imaging for uterine and vaginal anomalies. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 21(5):379-89, 2009
                              7. Economy KE et al: A comparison of MRI and laparoscopy in detecting pelvic structures in cases of vaginal agenesis. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 15(2):101-4, 2002
                              Related Anatomy
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                              Related Differential Diagnoses
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                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Clinical Issues

                                      TERMINOLOGY

                                      • Definitions

                                        • Failure of primitive urogenital sinus to develop (which gives rise to lower 1/3 of vagina)

                                      IMAGING

                                      • General Features

                                        • CT Findings

                                          • MR Findings

                                            • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Presentation

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Singhal SR et al: Uterus didelphys with partial vaginal septum and distal vaginal agenesis: an unusual anomaly. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 23(2):149-51, 2013
                                                          2. Santos XM et al: The utility of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging versus surgery for the characterization of müllerian anomalies in the pediatric and adolescent population. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 25(3):181-4, 2012
                                                          3. Sarathi V et al: Mucocolpos in a toddler: central precocious puberty with vaginal atresia. Endocr Pract. 18(6):e144-6, 2012
                                                          4. Laterza RM et al: Female pelvic congenital malformations. Part I: embryology, anatomy and surgical treatment. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 159(1):26-34, 2011
                                                          5. Walker DK et al: Overlooked diseases of the vagina: a directed anatomic-pathologic approach for imaging assessment. Radiographics. 31(6):1583-98, 2011
                                                          6. Church DG et al: Magnetic resonance imaging for uterine and vaginal anomalies. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 21(5):379-89, 2009
                                                          7. Economy KE et al: A comparison of MRI and laparoscopy in detecting pelvic structures in cases of vaginal agenesis. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 15(2):101-4, 2002