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Vaginal Septa
Christine O. Menias, MD; Caroline Reinhold, MD, MSc
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Incomplete canalization of uterovaginal canal with urogenital sinus, which forms lower 1/3 of vagina
            • Transverse vaginal septum
            • Isolated or in association with vertical vaginal septa of müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs)

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • MR Findings

              • Ultrasonographic Findings

                • Imaging Recommendations

                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                    • Presentation

                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                        • Treatment

                          Selected References

                          1. Huebner M et al: The rectovaginal septum: visible on magnetic resonance images of women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (Müllerian agenesis). Int Urogynecol J. 25(3):323-7, 2014
                          2. Lankford JC et al: Congenital reproductive abnormalities. J Midwifery Womens Health. Epub ahead of print, 2013
                          3. Pascual MA et al: Three-dimensional sonography for diagnosis of rectovaginal septum endometriosis: interobserver agreement. J Ultrasound Med. 32(6):931-5, 2013
                          4. Krafft C et al: Magnetic resonance as an aid in the diagnosis of a transverse vaginal septum. J Pediatr Surg. 47(2):422-5, 2012
                          5. Robbins JB et al: MRI of pregnancy-related issues: müllerian duct anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(2):302-10, 2012
                          6. Ruggeri G et al: Vaginal malformations: a proposed classification based on embryological, anatomical and clinical criteria and their surgical management (an analysis of 167 cases). Pediatr Surg Int. 28(8):797-803, 2012
                          7. Marcal L et al: Mullerian duct anomalies: MR imaging. Abdom Imaging. 36(6):756-64, 2011
                          8. Opoku BK et al: Huge abdominal mass secondary to a transverse vaginal septum and cervical dysgenesis. Ghana Med J. 45(4):174-6, 2011
                          9. Papaioannou G et al: Magnetic resonance imaging visualization of a vaginal septum. Fertil Steril. 96(5):1193-4, 2011
                          10. Miller RJ et al: Surgical correction of vaginal anomalies. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 51(2):223-36, 2008
                          Related Anatomy
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                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                          References
                          Tables

                          Tables

                          KEY FACTS

                          • Terminology

                            • Imaging

                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                • Clinical Issues

                                  TERMINOLOGY

                                  • Definitions

                                    • Incomplete canalization of uterovaginal canal with urogenital sinus, which forms lower 1/3 of vagina
                                    • Transverse vaginal septum
                                    • Isolated or in association with vertical vaginal septa of müllerian duct anomalies (MDAs)

                                  IMAGING

                                  • General Features

                                    • MR Findings

                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                                            • Presentation

                                              • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                • Treatment

                                                  Selected References

                                                  1. Huebner M et al: The rectovaginal septum: visible on magnetic resonance images of women with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser syndrome (Müllerian agenesis). Int Urogynecol J. 25(3):323-7, 2014
                                                  2. Lankford JC et al: Congenital reproductive abnormalities. J Midwifery Womens Health. Epub ahead of print, 2013
                                                  3. Pascual MA et al: Three-dimensional sonography for diagnosis of rectovaginal septum endometriosis: interobserver agreement. J Ultrasound Med. 32(6):931-5, 2013
                                                  4. Krafft C et al: Magnetic resonance as an aid in the diagnosis of a transverse vaginal septum. J Pediatr Surg. 47(2):422-5, 2012
                                                  5. Robbins JB et al: MRI of pregnancy-related issues: müllerian duct anomalies. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 198(2):302-10, 2012
                                                  6. Ruggeri G et al: Vaginal malformations: a proposed classification based on embryological, anatomical and clinical criteria and their surgical management (an analysis of 167 cases). Pediatr Surg Int. 28(8):797-803, 2012
                                                  7. Marcal L et al: Mullerian duct anomalies: MR imaging. Abdom Imaging. 36(6):756-64, 2011
                                                  8. Opoku BK et al: Huge abdominal mass secondary to a transverse vaginal septum and cervical dysgenesis. Ghana Med J. 45(4):174-6, 2011
                                                  9. Papaioannou G et al: Magnetic resonance imaging visualization of a vaginal septum. Fertil Steril. 96(5):1193-4, 2011
                                                  10. Miller RJ et al: Surgical correction of vaginal anomalies. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 51(2):223-36, 2008