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Veins of the Skull Base
Jeffrey S. Ross, MD
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Terminology

  • Abbreviations

    • Internal jugular vein (IJV)
    • Vertebral artery venous plexus (VAVP)
    • Vertebral venous plexus (VVP)
    • Suboccipital cavernous sinus (SOCS)
  • Definitions

    • Veins of posterior skull base and upper neck

Gross Anatomy

  • Overview

    Imaging Anatomy

    • Overview

      • Variations, Anomalies

        Anatomy Imaging Issues

        • Imaging Pitfalls

          Clinical Implications

          • Clinical Importance

            Selected References

            1. Lee CY et al: Transvenous embolization of an intraosseous dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein with anomalous venous drainage causing ocular manifestations. J Clin Neurosci. 18(3):413-5, 2011
            2. Tanoue S et al: Venous structures at the craniocervical junction: anatomical variations evaluated by multidetector row CT. Br J Radiol. 83(994):831-40, 2010
            3. Kiyosue H et al: The anterior medullary-anterior pontomesencephalic venous system and its bridging veins communicating to the dural sinuses: normal anatomy and drainage routes from dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neuroradiology. 50(12):1013-23, 2008
            4. Liu JK et al: Dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar confluence and hypoglossal canal mimicking a jugular foramen tumor. J Neurosurg. 109(2):335-40, 2008
            5. Manabe S et al: Characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of hypoglossal canal dural arteriovenous fistula: report of nine cases. Neuroradiology. 50(8):715-21, 2008
            6. Miyachi S et al: Dural arteriovenous fistula at the anterior condylar confluence. Interv Neuroradiol. 14(3):303-11, 2008
            7. Okahara M et al: Selective transvenous embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas involving the hypoglossal canal. Interv Neuroradiol. 13(1):59-66, 2007
            8. Takahashi S et al: Craniocervical junction venous anatomy around the suboccipital cavernous sinus: evaluation by MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 15(8):1694-700, 2005
            9. Caruso RD et al: Craniocervical junction venous anatomy on enhanced MR images: the suboccipital cavernous sinus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(6):1127-31, 1999
            10. Ernst R et al: Three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein within the hypoglossal canal. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(10):2016-20, 1999
            11. Arnautovic KI et al: The suboccipital cavernous sinus. J Neurosurg. 86(2):252-62, 1997
            12. Cyril C et al: Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Involving the Anterior Condylar Canal. J Neuroimaging. 2012 May 18. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6569. 2012. Epub ahead of print, 0071
            Related Anatomy
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            References
            Tables

            Tables

            Terminology

            • Abbreviations

              • Internal jugular vein (IJV)
              • Vertebral artery venous plexus (VAVP)
              • Vertebral venous plexus (VVP)
              • Suboccipital cavernous sinus (SOCS)
            • Definitions

              • Veins of posterior skull base and upper neck

            Gross Anatomy

            • Overview

              Imaging Anatomy

              • Overview

                • Variations, Anomalies

                  Anatomy Imaging Issues

                  • Imaging Pitfalls

                    Clinical Implications

                    • Clinical Importance

                      Selected References

                      1. Lee CY et al: Transvenous embolization of an intraosseous dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein with anomalous venous drainage causing ocular manifestations. J Clin Neurosci. 18(3):413-5, 2011
                      2. Tanoue S et al: Venous structures at the craniocervical junction: anatomical variations evaluated by multidetector row CT. Br J Radiol. 83(994):831-40, 2010
                      3. Kiyosue H et al: The anterior medullary-anterior pontomesencephalic venous system and its bridging veins communicating to the dural sinuses: normal anatomy and drainage routes from dural arteriovenous fistulas. Neuroradiology. 50(12):1013-23, 2008
                      4. Liu JK et al: Dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar confluence and hypoglossal canal mimicking a jugular foramen tumor. J Neurosurg. 109(2):335-40, 2008
                      5. Manabe S et al: Characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of hypoglossal canal dural arteriovenous fistula: report of nine cases. Neuroradiology. 50(8):715-21, 2008
                      6. Miyachi S et al: Dural arteriovenous fistula at the anterior condylar confluence. Interv Neuroradiol. 14(3):303-11, 2008
                      7. Okahara M et al: Selective transvenous embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulas involving the hypoglossal canal. Interv Neuroradiol. 13(1):59-66, 2007
                      8. Takahashi S et al: Craniocervical junction venous anatomy around the suboccipital cavernous sinus: evaluation by MR imaging. Eur Radiol. 15(8):1694-700, 2005
                      9. Caruso RD et al: Craniocervical junction venous anatomy on enhanced MR images: the suboccipital cavernous sinus. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(6):1127-31, 1999
                      10. Ernst R et al: Three cases of dural arteriovenous fistula of the anterior condylar vein within the hypoglossal canal. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 20(10):2016-20, 1999
                      11. Arnautovic KI et al: The suboccipital cavernous sinus. J Neurosurg. 86(2):252-62, 1997
                      12. Cyril C et al: Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Involving the Anterior Condylar Canal. J Neuroimaging. 2012 May 18. doi: 10.1111/j.1552-6569. 2012. Epub ahead of print, 0071