link
Bookmarks
Ventricular Calcification
Claudio Silva, MD, MSc, MBA; Brett W. Carter, MD, CPPS
To access 4,300 diagnoses written by the world's leading experts in radiology, please log in or subscribe.Subscribe
0
7
0
0

KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Synonyms

              • Dystrophic calcification
              • Metastatic calcification
            • Definitions

              • Dystrophic calcification
                • Sequela of local tissue damage &/or cellular necrosis leading to calcification
                • Normal serum calcium and phosphorus levels
                • Most prevalent myocardial calcification: Previous myocardial infarction (MI) leading to myocyte necrosis
              • Metastatic calcification
                • Sequela of systemic process (e.g., abnormalities of calcium homeostasis)
                • Elevated calcium or parathyroid hormone levels
                • May occur in normal tissue

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                        • Demographics

                          • Natural History & Prognosis

                            • Treatment

                              Selected References

                              1. Ahmed T et al: Myocardial calcification secondary to toxic shock syndrome: a comparative review of 17 cases. BMJ Case Rep. 12(1), 2019
                              2. Alyesh DM et al: Postinfarction myocardial calcifications on cardiac computed tomography: implications for mapping and ablation in patients with nontolerated ventricular tachycardias. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 12(5):e007023, 2019
                              3. Nance JW Jr et al: Myocardial calcifications: pathophysiology, etiologies, differential diagnoses, and imaging findings. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 9(1):58-67, 2015
                              4. Abramowitz Y et al: Mitral annulus calcification. J Am Coll Cardiol. 66(17):1934-41, 2015
                              5. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010
                              6. Gowda RM et al: Calcifications of the heart. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(3):603-17, vi-vii, 2004
                              Related Anatomy
                              Loading...
                              Related Differential Diagnoses
                              Loading...
                              References
                              Tables

                              Tables

                              KEY FACTS

                              • Terminology

                                • Imaging

                                  • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                    • Pathology

                                      • Clinical Issues

                                        TERMINOLOGY

                                        • Synonyms

                                          • Dystrophic calcification
                                          • Metastatic calcification
                                        • Definitions

                                          • Dystrophic calcification
                                            • Sequela of local tissue damage &/or cellular necrosis leading to calcification
                                            • Normal serum calcium and phosphorus levels
                                            • Most prevalent myocardial calcification: Previous myocardial infarction (MI) leading to myocyte necrosis
                                          • Metastatic calcification
                                            • Sequela of systemic process (e.g., abnormalities of calcium homeostasis)
                                            • Elevated calcium or parathyroid hormone levels
                                            • May occur in normal tissue

                                        IMAGING

                                        • General Features

                                          • Radiographic Findings

                                            • CT Findings

                                              • Imaging Recommendations

                                                DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                  PATHOLOGY

                                                  • General Features

                                                    CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                    • Demographics

                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                        • Treatment

                                                          Selected References

                                                          1. Ahmed T et al: Myocardial calcification secondary to toxic shock syndrome: a comparative review of 17 cases. BMJ Case Rep. 12(1), 2019
                                                          2. Alyesh DM et al: Postinfarction myocardial calcifications on cardiac computed tomography: implications for mapping and ablation in patients with nontolerated ventricular tachycardias. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 12(5):e007023, 2019
                                                          3. Nance JW Jr et al: Myocardial calcifications: pathophysiology, etiologies, differential diagnoses, and imaging findings. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 9(1):58-67, 2015
                                                          4. Abramowitz Y et al: Mitral annulus calcification. J Am Coll Cardiol. 66(17):1934-41, 2015
                                                          5. Ferguson EC et al: Cardiac and pericardial calcifications on chest radiographs. Clin Radiol. 65(9):685-94, 2010
                                                          6. Gowda RM et al: Calcifications of the heart. Radiol Clin North Am. 42(3):603-17, vi-vii, 2004