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Ventricular Septal Defect
Brett W. Carter, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Top Differential Diagnoses

        • Pathology

          • Clinical Issues

            TERMINOLOGY

            • Abbreviations

              • Ventricular septal defect (VSD)

            IMAGING

            • General Features

              • Radiographic Findings

                • CT Findings

                  • MR Findings

                    • Echocardiographic Findings

                      • Angiographic Findings

                        • Imaging Recommendations

                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                            PATHOLOGY

                            • General Features

                              • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                CLINICAL ISSUES

                                • Presentation

                                  • Demographics

                                    • Natural History & Prognosis

                                      • Treatment

                                        DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                        • Consider

                                          Selected References

                                          1. Mongeon FP et al: Indications and outcomes of surgical closure of ventricular septal defect in adults. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 3(3):290-7, 2010
                                          2. Rajiah P et al: Computed tomography of septal defects. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 4(4):231-45, 2010
                                          3. Spanos GP et al: Time-resolved contrast-enhanced MRI in ventricular septal defect evaluation. Clin Radiol. 63(6):724-6, 2008
                                          4. Goo HW et al: CT of congenital heart disease: normal anatomy and typical pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S147-65, 2003
                                          5. Wang ZJ et al: Cardiovascular shunts: MR imaging evaluation. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S181-94, 2003
                                          Related Anatomy
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                                          Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                          References
                                          Tables

                                          Tables

                                          KEY FACTS

                                          • Terminology

                                            • Imaging

                                              • Top Differential Diagnoses

                                                • Pathology

                                                  • Clinical Issues

                                                    TERMINOLOGY

                                                    • Abbreviations

                                                      • Ventricular septal defect (VSD)

                                                    IMAGING

                                                    • General Features

                                                      • Radiographic Findings

                                                        • CT Findings

                                                          • MR Findings

                                                            • Echocardiographic Findings

                                                              • Angiographic Findings

                                                                • Imaging Recommendations

                                                                  DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                                    PATHOLOGY

                                                                    • General Features

                                                                      • Staging, Grading, & Classification

                                                                        CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                        • Presentation

                                                                          • Demographics

                                                                            • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                              • Treatment

                                                                                DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                                • Consider

                                                                                  Selected References

                                                                                  1. Mongeon FP et al: Indications and outcomes of surgical closure of ventricular septal defect in adults. JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 3(3):290-7, 2010
                                                                                  2. Rajiah P et al: Computed tomography of septal defects. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr. 4(4):231-45, 2010
                                                                                  3. Spanos GP et al: Time-resolved contrast-enhanced MRI in ventricular septal defect evaluation. Clin Radiol. 63(6):724-6, 2008
                                                                                  4. Goo HW et al: CT of congenital heart disease: normal anatomy and typical pathologic conditions. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S147-65, 2003
                                                                                  5. Wang ZJ et al: Cardiovascular shunts: MR imaging evaluation. Radiographics. 23 Spec No:S181-94, 2003