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Visual Network
Jeffrey S. Anderson, MD, PhD
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Imaging Anatomy

  • Overview

    • Primary (Striate) Visual Cortex (V1)

      • Extrastriate Visual Cortex (V2, V3, V4, V5/MT)

        • Lateral Geniculate Nuclei of Thalamus

          • Intraparietal Sulcus (IPS0/V7, IPS1, IPS2, IPS3, IPS4)

            Anatomy Imaging Issues

            • Imaging Recommendations

              • Imaging Pitfalls

                Clinical Implications

                • Clinical Importance

                  Selected References

                  1. Ko H et al: The emergence of functional microcircuits in visual cortex. Nature. 496(7443):96-100, 2013
                  2. Baldassarre A et al: Individual variability in functional connectivity predicts performance of a perceptual task. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 109(9):3516-21, 2012
                  3. Gaglianese A et al: Evidence of a direct influence between the thalamus and hMT+ independent of V1 in the human brain as measured by fMRI. Neuroimage. 60(2):1440-7, 2012
                  4. Chadick JZ et al: Differential coupling of visual cortex with default or frontal-parietal network based on goals. Nat Neurosci. 14(7):830-2, 2011
                  5. Wandell BA et al: Imaging retinotopic maps in the human brain. Vision Res. 51(7):718-37, 2011
                  6. Wendt J et al: The functional connectivity between amygdala and extrastriate visual cortex activity during emotional picture processing depends on stimulus novelty. Biol Psychol. 86(3):203-9, 2011
                  7. Yeo BT et al: The organization of the human cerebral cortex estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 106(3):1125-65, 2011
                  8. Zou Q et al: Functional connectivity between the thalamus and visual cortex under eyes closed and eyes open conditions: a resting-state fMRI study. Hum Brain Mapp. 30(9):3066-78, 2009
                  9. Shmuel A et al: Neuronal correlates of spontaneous fluctuations in fMRI signals in monkey visual cortex: Implications for functional connectivity at rest. Hum Brain Mapp. 29(7):751-61, 2008
                  10. Wandell BA et al: Visual field maps in human cortex. Neuron. 56(2):366-83, 2007
                  11. Nir Y et al: Widespread functional connectivity and fMRI fluctuations in human visual cortex in the absence of visual stimulation. Neuroimage. 30(4):1313-24, 2006
                  12. Hampson M et al: Changes in functional connectivity of human MT/V5 with visual motion input. Neuroreport. 15(8):1315-9, 2004
                  13. Sereno MI et al: Borders of multiple visual areas in humans revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Science. 268(5212):889-93, 1995
                  Related Anatomy
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                  Related Differential Diagnoses
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                  References
                  Tables

                  Tables

                  Imaging Anatomy

                  • Overview

                    • Primary (Striate) Visual Cortex (V1)

                      • Extrastriate Visual Cortex (V2, V3, V4, V5/MT)

                        • Lateral Geniculate Nuclei of Thalamus

                          • Intraparietal Sulcus (IPS0/V7, IPS1, IPS2, IPS3, IPS4)

                            Anatomy Imaging Issues

                            • Imaging Recommendations

                              • Imaging Pitfalls

                                Clinical Implications

                                • Clinical Importance

                                  Selected References

                                  1. Ko H et al: The emergence of functional microcircuits in visual cortex. Nature. 496(7443):96-100, 2013
                                  2. Baldassarre A et al: Individual variability in functional connectivity predicts performance of a perceptual task. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 109(9):3516-21, 2012
                                  3. Gaglianese A et al: Evidence of a direct influence between the thalamus and hMT+ independent of V1 in the human brain as measured by fMRI. Neuroimage. 60(2):1440-7, 2012
                                  4. Chadick JZ et al: Differential coupling of visual cortex with default or frontal-parietal network based on goals. Nat Neurosci. 14(7):830-2, 2011
                                  5. Wandell BA et al: Imaging retinotopic maps in the human brain. Vision Res. 51(7):718-37, 2011
                                  6. Wendt J et al: The functional connectivity between amygdala and extrastriate visual cortex activity during emotional picture processing depends on stimulus novelty. Biol Psychol. 86(3):203-9, 2011
                                  7. Yeo BT et al: The organization of the human cerebral cortex estimated by intrinsic functional connectivity. J Neurophysiol. 106(3):1125-65, 2011
                                  8. Zou Q et al: Functional connectivity between the thalamus and visual cortex under eyes closed and eyes open conditions: a resting-state fMRI study. Hum Brain Mapp. 30(9):3066-78, 2009
                                  9. Shmuel A et al: Neuronal correlates of spontaneous fluctuations in fMRI signals in monkey visual cortex: Implications for functional connectivity at rest. Hum Brain Mapp. 29(7):751-61, 2008
                                  10. Wandell BA et al: Visual field maps in human cortex. Neuron. 56(2):366-83, 2007
                                  11. Nir Y et al: Widespread functional connectivity and fMRI fluctuations in human visual cortex in the absence of visual stimulation. Neuroimage. 30(4):1313-24, 2006
                                  12. Hampson M et al: Changes in functional connectivity of human MT/V5 with visual motion input. Neuroreport. 15(8):1315-9, 2004
                                  13. Sereno MI et al: Borders of multiple visual areas in humans revealed by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Science. 268(5212):889-93, 1995