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Vulvar Leiomyosarcoma
Douglas Rogers, MD
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KEY FACTS

  • Terminology

    • Imaging

      • Pathology

        • Clinical Issues

          TERMINOLOGY

          • Definitions

            • Vulvar sarcoma arising from smooth muscle

          IMAGING

          • General Features

            • CT Findings

              • MR Findings

                • Ultrasonographic Findings

                  • Imaging Recommendations

                    DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                      PATHOLOGY

                      • General Features

                        • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                          • Microscopic Features

                            CLINICAL ISSUES

                            • Presentation

                              • Demographics

                                • Natural History & Prognosis

                                  • Treatment

                                    DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                    • Consider

                                      • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                        Selected References

                                        1. Johnson S et al: Vulvar sarcoma outcomes by histologic subtype: a surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database review. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 30(8):1118-23, 2020
                                        2. Viau M et al: Proposed novel nomenclature of vulvar smooth muscle tumors; a case of smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) of the vulva. Gynecol Oncol Rep. 20:1-3, 2017
                                        3. Alnafisah F et al: Lung metastasis in a case of recurrent poorly differentiated leiomyosarcoma of the bartholin gland: a case report and review of the literature. Cureus. 8(3):e550, 2016
                                        4. Korkmaz V et al: A rare case of leiomyosarcoma localized in the Bartholin's gland area and review of the literature. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 42(5):589-92, 2016
                                        5. Levy RA et al: Smooth muscle neoplasms of the vulva masquerading as Bartholin gland duct cysts. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 27(1):25-7, 2014
                                        6. Salehin D et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 33(3):306-8, 2012
                                        7. McKenzie M et al: A rare case of vulval leiomyosarcoma: management and an updated review of the literature. J Obstet Gynaecol. 31(7):675-6, 2011
                                        8. Fasih N et al: Leiomyomas beyond the uterus: unusual locations, rare manifestations. Radiographics. 28(7):1931-48, 2008
                                        9. Shankar S et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 20(1):116-7, 2006
                                        10. Nielsen GP et al: Smooth-muscle tumors of the vulva. A clinicopathological study of 25 cases and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol. 20(7):779-93, 1996
                                        Related Anatomy
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                                        Related Differential Diagnoses
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                                        References
                                        Tables

                                        Tables

                                        KEY FACTS

                                        • Terminology

                                          • Imaging

                                            • Pathology

                                              • Clinical Issues

                                                TERMINOLOGY

                                                • Definitions

                                                  • Vulvar sarcoma arising from smooth muscle

                                                IMAGING

                                                • General Features

                                                  • CT Findings

                                                    • MR Findings

                                                      • Ultrasonographic Findings

                                                        • Imaging Recommendations

                                                          DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS

                                                            PATHOLOGY

                                                            • General Features

                                                              • Gross Pathologic & Surgical Features

                                                                • Microscopic Features

                                                                  CLINICAL ISSUES

                                                                  • Presentation

                                                                    • Demographics

                                                                      • Natural History & Prognosis

                                                                        • Treatment

                                                                          DIAGNOSTIC CHECKLIST

                                                                          • Consider

                                                                            • Image Interpretation Pearls

                                                                              Selected References

                                                                              1. Johnson S et al: Vulvar sarcoma outcomes by histologic subtype: a surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) database review. Int J Gynecol Cancer. 30(8):1118-23, 2020
                                                                              2. Viau M et al: Proposed novel nomenclature of vulvar smooth muscle tumors; a case of smooth muscle tumor of uncertain malignant potential (STUMP) of the vulva. Gynecol Oncol Rep. 20:1-3, 2017
                                                                              3. Alnafisah F et al: Lung metastasis in a case of recurrent poorly differentiated leiomyosarcoma of the bartholin gland: a case report and review of the literature. Cureus. 8(3):e550, 2016
                                                                              4. Korkmaz V et al: A rare case of leiomyosarcoma localized in the Bartholin's gland area and review of the literature. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 42(5):589-92, 2016
                                                                              5. Levy RA et al: Smooth muscle neoplasms of the vulva masquerading as Bartholin gland duct cysts. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent). 27(1):25-7, 2014
                                                                              6. Salehin D et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol. 33(3):306-8, 2012
                                                                              7. McKenzie M et al: A rare case of vulval leiomyosarcoma: management and an updated review of the literature. J Obstet Gynaecol. 31(7):675-6, 2011
                                                                              8. Fasih N et al: Leiomyomas beyond the uterus: unusual locations, rare manifestations. Radiographics. 28(7):1931-48, 2008
                                                                              9. Shankar S et al: Leiomyosarcoma of the vulva. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 20(1):116-7, 2006
                                                                              10. Nielsen GP et al: Smooth-muscle tumors of the vulva. A clinicopathological study of 25 cases and review of the literature. Am J Surg Pathol. 20(7):779-93, 1996